Being a ‘guinea pig’ in a clinical trial :: Bianca Nogrady
Sixty years ago, childhood leukaemia was a uniformly fatal illness. With nothing in the medical arsenal to treat the disease, it killed just about every child who developed it. If a child is diagnosed with leukaemia today, they have around an 80 per cent of surviving beyond five years. This means that four out of five of these children will still be alive after five years. It’s an extraordinary medical achievement, and one that owes much to the fact that in the past, a large proportion of sufferers have taken part in clinical trials of new treatments.
Clinical trials are research studies that explore whether a medical strategy, treatment, or device is safe and effective for humans and what side effects might occur. Clinical trials are essential for the progress of medical knowledge. By testing one treatment against another, or against a placebo, researchers are able to sort out what helps from what doesn’t. Very occasionally, a clinical trial will deliver a major breakthrough, but most of the time, trials only achieve small gains. Clinical trials are also incredibly difficult to run.
One of the main problems researchers face is getting enough people enrolled in the trial in the first place; so much so that Glasziou says around half of all trials fold before they even start.
Wheel House Vets
Yes! Bladder stones are relatively common in guinea pigs and tend to affect males more than females but both sexes are effected. The signs of bladder stones include squeaking when urinating, red urine or reduced urine, if you see any of these signs then you should visit your vet. The stones are small deposits of calcium that is excreted into their urinary tract as a normal bodily function. The stones can be trapped anywhere within the urinary system from the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra.
Stones cannot be dissolved by diet change and will often require surgery to remove them. The exact cause of why some guinea pigs are effected is not truly known, although there may be some link to genetics and diet. To help prevent your guinea pig developing stones it is recommended to wet down any vegetables offered and encouraging drinking, this will dilute the urine down, you can also reduce the amount of high calcium foods offered which include alfalfa hay, kale, spinach, parsley, basil and cabbage.
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Wheel House Vets
A healthy guinea pig has bright, alert eyes with no signs of cloudiness or redness, and they should have clean noses and ears. Coats vary in length and type, but should be shiny and there should be no bald areas apart from the inside of the front feet and behind the ears. Droppings should be small and well formed in a tear drop shape and they vary from light yellow brown through to very dark brown depending on their diet. Urine varies depending on the amount of calcium they have eaten as this is excreted in the urine. The colour can vary from pale straw coloured, to white and also reddish-brown depending on diet.
Guinea pigs are social and love food; they should be interactive, especially at dinner times, with their owners once they have settled into their home. They should be seen to be eating much of the day, and they can drink up to 100 ml per kg of bodyweight, especially in warm weather.
Re-Useable Needles for Cattle, Sheep & Pigs
Needles are very sharp to make vaccination easier, available in a range of sizes suitable for most requirements. Set in robust stainless steel luer lock hubs and packed in boxes of 12 needles. Remember: gauge gives the thickness of the needle; the lower the gauge, the thicker the needle. Length is in inches and is the length of the needle from point to hub.
Flu cases linked to pigs at the Mid-State Fair, SLO County health officials confirm
In 2014, the Fat Family Restaurant Group celebrated 75 years of service and proudly took its place as the oldest restaurant in Sacramento to be owned exclusively by one family. Each menu flourishes with an evolving vision of new dishes, as well as the classics that helped make the Fat Family Restaurant Group the culinary institution that it is today.