Red wine improves heart health in pigs
Pigs that drink red wine have better blood flow to the heart than those that drink vodka, a new study has found. The study, conducted by Frank Sellke M.D, chief of cardiothoracic surgery at Rhode Island Hospital, looked into the effects of red wine and vodka on pigs with high cholesterol. Three groups of pigs that had been fed a high-fat diet were studied. The first group continued on the diet, while the second was supplemented with a daily dose of red wine, and the third with a daily dose of vodka. Both the wine and vodka were mixed in with the pigs’ food with dosages specifically selected to provide equal amounts of alcohol to both treated groups.
The pigs that had been given wine or vodka had significantly increased blood flow to the heart, with the red wine having the larger cardiovascular benefit. HDL, was significantly increased in the two alcohol-treated groups, while total cholesterol levels were unaffected. HDL transports LDL to the liver where it is metabolised. Both red wine and vodka may assist in preventing hardening of the arteries and other cardiac issues, though do so in different ways. Red wine dilates blood vessels, while vodka causes more collateral vessels to develop.
The study, published in the journal Circulation, sheds new light on the processes by which moderate alcohol intake might reduce cardiovascular risk. Red wine has been frequently associated with reduced cardiovascular risk as it contains resveratrol, found in the skin of red grapes, which boasts antioxidant, pro-angiogenic and anti-inflammatory properties.
Guinea Pig Behaviour |
It is important to learn about your guinea pig behaviour in order to recognize its behavioural patterns, unusual behaviour, potential needs and moods that your guinea pig is trying to communicate to you. Following behavioural patterns represent majority of the individual guinea pig behaviours which indicate that your pet is functioning within normal operating parameters. As I diligently investigate various aspects of guinea pigs, and especially their health, I have noticed that there is a huge market for guinea pig insurance. If following Guinea Pig Manual instructions, it does not need to be interpreted as a rejection of its owner. Guinea pig becomes very excited, and focus its eager eyes in the direction of the owner hoping that the owner notices his pet and its needs.
Running laps Running laps around the cage is a normal behavior for a guinea pig. Guinea pig can bite you from several reasons:If it is upset, angry, frightened, defensive or annoyed. Could be the result of an accident; for example, if you’ve been handling food, guinea pig may make the mistake of thinking your finger is food. If you’ve been holding your guinea pig for a while, it may nibble your clothes as a way of communicating to you that it wants/needs to go back to the cage. Usually, guinea pig will relax and rest its head on the ground, and some of them will be totally relaxed and spread out their hind legs.
Stretching A guinea pig will stretch out while yawning at the same time. Guinea pig stands on its hind legs and cleans itself with its front legs licking its fur.
By John Carr, Shih-Ping Chen, Joseph F. Connor, Roy Kirkwood, Joaquim SegalésMay 2018.Maintaining the health of pigs is vital in pig farming and production. This new book written by experts from around the world focuses on the health of pigs, first with coverage of the disorders of pigs organised by clinical sign and body system. The book explores environmental medicine and then health maintenance. Treatment options are discussed, emphasizing a reduction in antimicrobial use and an increased awareness of a holistic approach to treatment.
The book includes over 1,500 high-quality illustrations to enhance the clinical description, as well as a wealth of high-quality videos to test the reader in making differential diagnoses with treatment options. Quizzes at the end of each section also encourage reflective learning. Clinical examination of the individual pig and groups are covered along with environmental medicine, making this the ideal reference for veterinary practitioners and students. Those interested in population medicine will particularly enjoy the holistic approach to veterinary medicine. All those who appreciate the many talents of pigs will enjoy the practical approach to managing the health of their animals.
This book moves veterinary science forward, promoting health rather than treating disease. It will be your number one reference for keeping your pigs healthy. Contains the contributions of international experts from the UK, USA, Australia, Spain and Taiwan.
Diseases and Conditions
Yersiniosis is a disease caused by bacteria called Yersinia. Although many species of Yersinia are found worldwide, most human illnesses are caused by Yersinia enterocolitica. Other species of Yersinia affecting humans are Y. pseudotuberculosis, which causes an illness similar to Y. enterocolitica, and Y.
pestis which causes plague. Yersinia are hardy bacteria that can survive in adverse conditions like refrigeration and environments low in oxygen. Persons infected with Yersinia can have a variety of symptoms depending on the age of the person infected. If you have any signs and symptoms of illness, and you have had exposure to possible sources of Yersinia bacteria, contact your physician. Yersiniosis is usually associated with consumption of food or water contaminated with Yersinia bacteria, or by contact with a person or animal infected with Yersinia bacteria.
Yersinia bacteria live in the intestines of infected persons/animals and are released with bowel movements. If good hand hygiene is not practiced after using the toilet or handling raw meat, a person with Yersinia bacteria can transfer the bacteria to food and objects. Putting something in your mouth that has come into contact with the droppings of infected animals or stool of infected humans. Children can become infected if they put their hand in their mouth after or during playing with infected puppies and kittens. Yersiniosis is usually diagnosed by detecting the Yersinia bacteria in the stool.