Pigs are single-stomach animals and require two or three meals a day. Divide the food into two portions, feed the pigs half in the morning and the rest in the evening. It is important that small or weak pigs should be fed separately from the bigger ones, because these stronger pigs will eat all the food. If you have more than four adult pigs, then food should be divided into two containers, so that every animal can have a share. It is important that the floor of the pen should slope so that excess water can run off allowing the pen to stay dry.
If water does collect in the pen, it is important to dig a drainage furrow or ditch, leading out of the pen. Make sure that this mess is cleaned out at least twice a week, to lessen the risk of disease. Food and water containers must be cleaned thoroughly at least twice a week. Pigs are pregnant for about four months and can have as many as 10 young at a time. If big and small pigs share a pen or sty there will be fighting and the smaller or weaker ones will be bullied.
This will help keep the piglets warm and close to their mother. A sow with piglets must have clean water all the time and plenty of good, fresh food twice a day.
4H225/4H225: 4H Project Guide: Swine Nutrition
Swine rations, whether bought or mixed on the farm, usually contain a ground cereal grain, a protein source, salt, a calcium source, a phosphorus source, and a vitamin-trace mineral premix. Medications, such as antibiotics, may also be added to swine rations. About 50 to 85% of the ingredients in swine rations are cereal grains. They are the main way of providing energy in swine rations. Wheat is an excellent swine feed, with an energy value of about 98 to 100% of corn.
Some pork producers prefer to feed a mixture of wheat and corn or grain sorghum because they feel performance is better with a combination of grain sources. The basic ones are bred sow, nursing sow, starter rations, growing rations, and finishing rations. Some producers may use the same ration for bred sows and nursing sows. Table 1 gives example swine rations that may be mixed on the farm if a pork producer has a feed mill. Producers can often get a custom mix of a complete ration made at a feed mill.
Each base mix is then mixed with soybean meal and ground grain to produce the ration. See your 4-H leader, county extension agent, feed dealer, or veterinarian on choice of antibiotics to use in a ration.
Thought pigs are filthy? You should think again :: Kenya
Please fill me in on the best practices for a pig farmer. The abuse comes in many forms starting with housing; where farmers are tempted to keep many pigs in a small house. It is common to see many pigs in overcrowded stall on concrete floors without straw for bedding or rooting. As a sign of stress such pigs will fight and bite each other. For pigs kept indoors, at least there should be provisions for them to express normal behaviour.
This isn’t true, pigs are among few animals that don’t mix their food with waste. Given enough room, pigs will defecate at the furthest corner from where their feed is served. This false belief is a creation of farmers who keep pigs in squalid conditions and later blame it on the pigs. A good house should protect the pig from extreme weather conditions. Transportation causes a lot of stress to pigs; unlike other animals pigs don’t have sweat glands when transported on a hot day; this causes heat stress which can be fatal.
To minimise this stress, pigs should be preferably be transported on a slightly cooler day – early in the morning or late afternoon. Taking care of your pigs is the first obligation you should take up as a farmer.
American Anti-Vivisection Society
The USDA’s 2015 annual report on animal use at research facilities shows a continued decreasing trend in the number of animals used in U.S. laboratories. The report revealed that 904,147 animals covered by the Animal Welfare Act were held in labs last year, and that 767,622 were used in research, a drop of over eight percent from 2014.Hamsters are among the most used animals in labs, but their numbers decreased by almost 20 percent in 2015. Over half of the hamsters were used in experiments involving pain. There were increases in the number of other animals used in experiments.
While much of this data is welcome news, it’s important to note that only animals covered by the AWA are included in this report. Since rats, mice, birds, and fish do not fall under the umbrella of the AWA, labs are not required to count them, yet AAVS estimates that they comprise 95 percent of all animals in labs. Unlike the U.S., the European Union and Canada provide regulatory and legal protection for these animals. Please visit USDA’s website for more specific information about animal use.