What is Guinea Worm Disease?
Guinea worm disease, a debilitating parasitic infection that has ravaged African and Asian populations since antiquity, may be on the verge of being eradicated, says Jimmy Carter. The former president has helped lead the global effort to fight Dracunculiasis, or Guinea worm disease, through his work with the Carter Center, a foundation he and his wife, Rosalind, established for fighting disease and promoting human rights. He also predicted Guinea worm disease would be stamped from human populations within two years, making it the second disease humankind has eliminated-the first being smallpox, which met its demise during Carter’s presidency. Guinea worm disease afflicts the poorest of the poor, those living in areas with poor sanitation and minimal access to primary health care. The culprit in Guinea worm disease is a roundworm parasite called Dracunculus medinensis, whose larvae dwell in microscopic water fleas.
Victims of the disease sometimes see the worm moving beneath their skin as it prepares to break the surface. The worm releases millions of larvae into the water, which are then eaten by water fleas, the very critters responsible for transmitting the worm to the person in the first place. Efforts to rid populations of Guinea worm disease have been hugely successful. You can wrap a stick around the worm and pull the worm every other day until it resists, pull it and coax it out. Getting to some communities that have Guinea worm disease on regular visits.
Second, preventing Guinea worm disease is community-based and community oriented. Third, Guinea worm disease is easy to diagnose; the worm is coming out of the body.
eat guinea pigs, treat cancer?
So it comes as no shock that our furry friend, the guinea pig, becomes a fried feast. Lovingly called cuy, the guinea pig has stolen the hearts of the Peruvian people. Around 65 million guinea pigs are consumed annually in Peru. These mice had been injected with serum derived from guinea pig blood. In experiments undertaken for other purposes the observation has recently been made that subcutaneous lymphomas of two kinds promptly regress following the injection of normal guinea pig serum intraperitoneally into mice carrying them, the animals meanwhile remaining lively and fleshy and devoid of signs of illness, while the growths of untreated control animals, and those of mice given serum from rabbits or horses, enlarge progressively and kill their hosts.
Guinea pig sera contain an enzyme called L-asparaginase, which breaks down the body’s amino acid L-asparagine into aspartic acid and ammonia. All cells require asparagine to survive and produce protein. Asparagine can either be produced within the cell using the asparagine synthetase enzyme or obtained externally. L-asparaginase’s mechanism of action is as follows: it destroys extracellular asparagine, making the cell the only source of asparagine for tumors. Guinea pig serum proved highly effective in vivo against tumor cells of sensitive lines, particularly lymphomas 6C3HED and A2, it produced no sign of toxicity in the hosts.
Apparently, guinea pig meat also has asparaginase, as reported by José Sarria, a livestock expert from the National Agrarian University of La Molina. As it turns out, the Peruvian cuy chef was correct! We can indeed eat guinea pigs to treat cancer.
Rearing, Incubation and brooding Guinea Fowl
Most of the people seem to rear this bird because of the ultimate benefits it has for the humans – firstly, the major reason for raising guinea fowl is its taste and alluring flesh; also, the meat is highly tender and provides an absolutely perfect taste like other birds. In contrast to this, many adore guinea fowl farming because of its ornamental value which is really high. Guinea Fowl is a noisy bird, that is why people don’t prefer them rearing in their residential areas because neighbors complain about the unwanted noise. Now, have a look at the pivotal aspects related to the guinea fowl bird – in case you want to have them in your backyard, this piece of knowledge would help you do that;. Keets are known as baby guinea fowls; newly born keets are supposed to be taken care for about one month else they would die from cold.
During the course of life, the guinea fowl in takes around 43 kilograms of feed – out of this, 12kg is consumed during the growth age, and the rest during the laying tenure. If properly looked after, the guinea hens have the tendency to lay around 100 eggs. The guinea fowl has the ability to lay eggs at the age of 17th week and especially during the rainy season. Most of the care takers collect the hatching eggs of guinea hen four times during the day. The normal incubation tenure of a guinea hen is around 28 days or a little more.
More of time the broody chicken hen is used for hatching guinea eggs because of its wild behavior. The normal behavior of the bird is such that, as soon as some keets are hatched, the guinea hen leaves the nest; also the keets start to leave their places after hatched.