Cancers and Tumors in Guinea Pigs
Tumors are the result of an abnormal multiplication of body cells, resulting in a growth, or lump of tissue, which may be benign. Most types of cancer are not common in guinea pigs until they are four to five years old. Between one-sixth and one-third of guinea pigs are known to develop a tumor. Guinea pigs that have been inter-bred are more prone to tumor and cancer development. Treatment, if recommended, will depend on the type and location of the tumor or cancer.
While the outcome for benign skin tumors is generally good, the general outcome for some cancers of the blood is poor and affected guinea pigs often live for only a few weeks after diagnosis. As far as benign skin tumors, trichoepitheliomas are some of the most common occuring in guinea pigs, especially younger guinea pigs, often forming at the base of the tail. Younger guinea pigs may also develop skin tumors or leukemia, which is cancer of blood cells. Tumors are caused by an abnormal multiplication of body cells. Certain guinea pigs are genetically predisposed to this abnormality.
You will need to give a thorough history of your guinea pig’s health and onset of symptoms, along with as much family history as you have available to you. Based on the location, some tumors are more easily diagnosed when the growths can be seen and palpated externally.
Improving pig gut health and performance
Fulfilling the needs of pigs and protecting them from diseases through management and nutrition are key towards reaching the maximum genetic potential of pigs, decreasing costs. Good management and nutrition are also the prerequisites to farming success especially during tough times. Preventive actions are minor investments compared to the high costs of specific diseases. Body defenses are complex systems that must be supported with vaccinations. These defenses must also be protected from toxins that weaken.
The right nutrition in turn favors the establishment of a healthy gut. Seventy percent of circulating antibodies originate from the gut. A number of pathogens are able to decrease immunity through indirect and direct action. Some antibiotics and most mycotoxins decrease immunity and cause sub-clinical illnesses that always result in performance losses. A well-known consequence of immune depression by mycotoxins is the activation of chronic processes.
A healthy gut decreases immune stimulation, thereby avoiding any unnecessary waste of energy and proteins, while raising the animal’s readiness to respond to real and specific disease challenges. A leaking gut is also the consequence of some mycotoxins leading to debilitation of the gut wall barrier against toxins and bacteria.
Fungal is often confused with mange mite infections, as it also causes hair loss and scratching, however differentiating between the two is essential and treatment is different. Guinea pigs who are stressed, sick or elderly are also prone to fungal infections. When pulling loose hairs from a guinea pig with fungal, the dandruff-like skin will be visible at the end of the hairs where they were attached to the skin. Once hair-covered areas are effected, hair loss is imminent and can occur slowly or quickly. Fungal is most commonly found on the nose, ears, paws and backs of guinea pigs.
If caught in the early stages, a combination of coconut oil and paw paw ointment offers a cheap, effective treatment on ears, nose and feet. Once the fungal is more severe or has spread, a combination of coconut oil and Betadine twice daily is often used successfully to combat the dry skin and itchiness. Bathing guinea pigs twice a week in Malaseb shampoo can also help to combat fungal. Once large portions of the body are effected and the areas are not healing with other treatments or your guinea pig is in pain, treatment from the vet with a prescription cream is necessary. Sterilising the cage and washing material bedding is also important for removing fungal infections.
Guinea Pig Care Sheet & Guide
Before you bring your new guinea pig home, make sure the habitat is stocked with toys and treats. Your new guinea pig will be delighted if the habitat is in a calm, secluded spot away from larger pets. Guinea pigs love a good cuddle but on the first day home, give your guinea pig time to settle in. Shop cages Shop water bottles Shop food bowls Shop hay Shop hay racks Shop chew toys Shop bedding Feeding your guinea pig You’re going to want hay- lots of hay! It’s your new guinea pig’s favorite food, and they thrive on a variety of it.
Every day, fill your guinea pigs’ food bowl with fresh hay. A healthy guinea pig diet is about 20% vegetables and 5% fruit. Your guinea pig will love all the food you offer, but if sits in their bowl for more than four hours, it’s time to take it away. Shop food bowls Shop hay Shop vitamin C supplements Playing & grooming Guinea pigs love to forage. Always keep a watchful eye on guinea pigs playing outside their enclosure.
Shop habitats Shop small animal playpens Keeping your guinea pig healthy Little critters need checkups just like any other family pets. Take your guinea pig to a vet a few days after coming home, then schedule check ups once a year. Take your guinea pig for a check-up if it displays any of these symptoms,.