Bladder Stones / Urinary Infections
If you suspect any urinary tract problem you need to get your Guinea Pig checked out by a small animal vet. Due to a Guinea pigs metabolism they can be affected by bladder stones and bladder calcium crystal deposits. These can cause a great deal of discomfort,this is treatable and again its important to health check your Guinea Pig on a regular basis to detect changes in bladder habits. Example of bladder stone, stones can be from sand grain size upwards. May not be obvious signs of infection,but can be an indication of calcium deposits affecting bladder emptying causing incontinence.
The Guinea Pig may be eating and pooping fine but needs to. This is very important for Guinea Pigs with a family / sibling history of bladder infections. Cut down on the amount of carrot you give,carrot contains oxalic acid which binds free roaming calcium in a guinea pigs system this can then be deposited in the bladder. If you suspect a bladder infection / stone,get treatment from your vet as soon as possible!!! Your vet may suggest an xray or ultrasound scan to check for the presence of bladder stones and a urine sample.
Dependant on the results they may palpate the bladder to try and remove excess bladder sludge,a mixture of crystals and debris caused by the bladder emptying excess calcium or they may need to perform surgery to remove a stone. Ask your vet for information on Cystaid – Glucosamine product also used in cats which lines the bladder with a protective coating,you can buy this on line and we have seen very good results with our rescue Guinea Pigs.
Frequently Asked Questions-Wild Pigs
Small pigs may eat approximately 5% of their body weight daily; larger pigs an estimated 3 % of body weight. Wild pigs are one of the most intelligent species found in the United States. Wild pigs are creatures of habit and will use the same bedding/resting areas and feeding areas as long as the food source remains available. A 2011-12 telemetry study of adult female wild pigs with sounders in east Texas resulted in home range estimates of approximately 2 square miles, or 1,100 acres. The most sensitive environmental areas wild pigs damage are wetland areas and they can alter the vegetative community present.
Longleaf pine seedlings seem to be especially vulnerable to wild pigs. Polynesians brought domesticated pigs into the Hawaiian Islands around 700 A.D. The first pigs were brought into what is now the. In the U.S., the best descriptor is probably to refer to them simply as wild pigs. All of our modern domestic breeds as well as our wild pigs originated from a common ancestor-the Eurasian wild boar that was first domesticated some 8,000 to 10,000 years ago in Europe and Asia.
Typically, wild pigs will seek out the heaviest cover near water they can find where they are not harassed, then range out from there to feed. Recent research in Alabama and confirmed in Texas has shown that continuous catch doors do not continue to catch additional wild pigs once the door is tripped. Lastly, one study found that 10 of 12 traps captured additional pigs within one week of pigs being euthanized in the traps.
Infections, Stones & Crystals
Behavioural change such as: restlessness, lethargy, hiding, loss of appetite, urination in unusual places The most frequently occurring bladder stones and crystals are struvite crystals and stones. Bladder stones and crystals can be caused by saturation of the bladder with minerals. Mineral crystals frequently adhere themselves to organic material in the urine, as a result of which certain structures arise, which will develop into crystals which can eventually grow into stones. Bladder stones and crystals can cause several types of complaints, depending on the size, place and formation of the stone. Stones can block the flow of urine from the bladder to the urethra.
Gout results in an increased amount of uric acid in the urine and can lead to the formation of uric acid stones and urate stones. The size of the stones can vary from small crystals to stones that fill up the entire renal pelvic. Medium sized stones get stuck easily when they move on to the bladder, especially in the urethra, which cause severe spasms and blood loss in the urine. BLADDER STONES. Especially for bladder stones larger then 1 centimetre in diameter, Chinese medicine has developed Lysium.
The presence of bladder crystals or bladder stones, these are ideal for bacteria to multiply in. The crystals and stones can damage the bladder wall, which causes the bacteria to multiply even more easily. Urinating more often but small amounts, usually points towards a bladder infection, bladder crystals, bladder stones or a tumor.
Guinea pigs naturally eat a diet of grasses, plants, vegetables and crops, which can be difficult to replicate at home. Guinea pigs require moderately high levels of fibre in their food, so feeding good quality fresh hay alongside your usual brand of feed is vital. Guinea pigs, like humans but unlike rabbits, are unable to make their own Vitamin C and it must therefore be provided as part of their diet. Guinea pigs, rabbits and chinchillas have teeth which grow continually. There are drinking bottles designed for guinea pigs on the market, just make sure you check the bottle frequently to see it always has water in it, and change the water daily to ensure that it is always fresh and that the bottle is clean.
A good sign of a healthy guinea pig is when he/she is eating every day and passing plenty of dry droppings. Always keep an eye on how much your guinea pig eats and drinks. You can treat your guinea pig with small amounts of apple and strawberry. Guinea pigs can be greedy! They suffer from obesity if food is not monitored correctly and obesity can result in many other health problems.
There are a number of foods that are poisonous to guinea pigs so always double check before you feed them. There are a number of nutritionally balanced diets for guinea pigs on the market. Manufacturers have experts available to provide you with advice on what you should buy for your guinea pig and how much and how many times per day to feed them, so contact them direct for further advice on specific products.