European Food Safety Authority
The European Food Safety Authority provides independent scientific advice and scientific assistance through the collection and analysis of data on the prevalence of Salmonella in animals and foods as well as by assessing the food safety risks posed by the bacterium for human health and advising on possible control and mitigation options. EFSA’s findings are used by risk managers in the EU and the Member States to help inform policy, and to support the setting of possible reduction targets for Salmonella in the food chain. Annual monitoring of Salmonella in animals and food. EU-wide data on the presence of Salmonella in the food chain as well as the prevalence of animal and human infection are collected and analysed in annual EU Summary Reports prepared by EFSA and ECDC. In the Summary Report, ECDC and EFSA provide yearly updates on the progress made in meeting the reduction targets for Salmonella.
These reports analyse the data from the monitoring of Salmonella in animals, food and humans collected by Member States. EFSA produces EU-wide baseline survey reports on the prevalence of Salmonella in food and food-producing animals, including chickens, turkeys and pigs, and on the risk factors that contribute to the prevalence of Salmonella in animal populations. EFSA’s Panel on Biological Hazards evaluates the food safety risks of Salmonella and provides scientific advice on control options at the request of risk managers or on its own initiative. This work helps the European Commission and the Member States to monitor the situation and consider possible reviews of reduction targets set for Salmonella in the food chain. EFSA is working together with key EU actors to reduce Salmonella in laying hens General approachEFSA analyses comparable data from all EU Member States from baseline surveys on the prevalence of Salmonella in food or animal populations.
Salmonella in laying hensEFSA collected data and analysed the results of a baseline survey on Salmonella in laying hens in 2006. Based on the data collected and analysed by EFSA, European and national risk managers may set targets for the reduction of Salmonella at the EU-level in food or animal populations. For the annual reporting on zoonoses, Member States began submitting data on the occurrence of Salmonella in laying hens to EFSA. EFSA and ECDC analyse the data on prevalence of zoonoses in the EU and publish the Annual European Union Summary report.
Illinois Fact Sheet: Human Health Concerns About Raising Poultry
An increasing number of citizens want to raise chickens in urban environments as a hobby or they may believe this method of raising birds for food may be safer or less expensive. Bacterial diseases Salmonella and Campylobacter are common public health hazards potentially associated with chicken contact. The public health hazards associated with Salmonella and Campylobacter are expected to be limited to those who are in contact with the chickens or their droppings or consume their meat or eggs without thorough cooking. Avian influenza Avian influenza is a theoretical public health hazard potentially associated with urban chicken farming. The risk of human avian influenza infections in the United States is extremely low and is expected to be limited to those who are in contact with infected chickens.
While exotic Newcastle disease can cause mild eye infections in people, the greater concern is that the introduction of exotic Newcastle disease in privately owned chicken flocks can cause major economic damage in communities where commercial chicken farming is an important industry. Attraction of predators The attraction of predators is a public health hazard potentially associated with urban chicken farming. Attraction of rodents The attraction of rodents is a public health hazard potentially associated with urban chicken farming. Nuisance issues The odor and noise that might be associated with urban chicken farming are not public health hazards. Keep baby chicks and adult poultry away from persons with weaker immune systems, including the elderly, pregnant women, diabetics, patients receiving chemotherapy and people infected with HIV.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that person not keep chickens if the household has children less than five years of age. Conclusion The public health hazards potentially associated with urban chicken farming should be weighed against individual and community benefits. Public health infectious disease hazards can be mitigated by education and regulation and are expected to be limited to those who are in contact with the chickens or consuming their meat or eggs without thorough cooking.
We Pigs News for 06-15-2018
Guinea pigs are generally healthy when they receive good care and nutrition. Even with all these things sometimes a guinea pig may become ill or injured. BitesGuinea pigs are not aggressive, but if a confrontation does occur bite wounds can be serious because of their long, sharp teeth. HeatstrokeDo not leave your guinea pigs’ cage in direct sunlight, in your car, in an unventilated room, or in temperatures above 75 degrees. The Mulefoot Pig and other heritage breeds thrive and are a hardy breed.
ALBC. Advance reservations accepted by most breeders! Each student made a video on a different breed of swine. The Endangered Hog Foundation has been established to help Arie rebuild and to help continue work with endangered pig breeds. Housing costs money, and to reduce costs, many pig farmers build their own, ending up with eyesores that annoy and stink out the neighbours.
The rooting and wallowing of pigs around their accommodation does not help the scene. Pigs have special feeding requirements for each stage of life. Percy Pigs could be BANNED by health secretary Jeremy Hunt [Video]. Percy Pigs could be banned as part of a new policy to tackle childhood obesity.