Visual guinea pig health check
Soybean Meal and PRRS in PigsThe objective of this swine study was to evaluate whether high levels of soybean meal could modulate the pig’s response to a respiratory disease challenge by reducing systemic viral replication and modulating the immune system. A total of 2,112 pigs weighing about 6 kg were placed into two nursery rooms of 48 pens each under commercial conditions to evaluate the potential of SBM levels in combination with phytase to improve growth and health of weaned pigs originating from a porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome affected sow farm. High levels of soybean meal reduces medical treatment in nursery pigs affected by PRRS. J. Animal Sci.
The researchers cited recent studies that implied that increasing soybean meal content of diets can be beneficial in pathogen-challenged pigs, while other reports suggest similar benefits by increasing the use of synthetic amino acids, specifically tryptophan. The objective of their study was to determine if increased synthetic Trp replacing a portion of soybean meal would impact performance of late finishing pigs dual-challenged with PRRSV and MHP. Ninety-six mixed sex pigs weighing about 120 kg were selected and randomly assigned to a high SBM or synthetic Trp diet. After 96 day on test diets, all pigs were inoculated intratracheally with MHP and intramuscularly with a field strain of PRRSV. Growth performance and feed efficiency were determined until pigs reached market weight after which, carcass were assessed.
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Wounded pigs and dehydrated ducks: Questions arise about how the Agriculture Department treats its animals
The incidents, which took place at a dozen USDA laboratories during the course of 2017, have drawn new scrutiny to the agency’s research agenda – and its oversight of animal welfare standards. In total, government inspectors documented 16 animal welfare violations at 10 USDA facilities in 2017, according to agency reports. Agency records show some of the cited labs, including the Meat Animal Research Center, were also repeatedly flagged for problems during preliminary audits designed to help them prepare for inspectors. Such questions have plagued USDA since 2015, when a New York Times investigation exposed researchers who left animals to die of exposure and left basic injuries and wounds untreated. In the ensuing controversy, Congress required every lab in USDA’s Agricultural Research Service to convene a committee on animal care and submit to regular, unannounced animal welfare inspections.
Animals in a feedlot were breathing quickly and with their tongues hanging out, showing signs of heat distress. While the humane euthanization of test animals is not a violation of federal animal welfare rules, critics claim toxoplasmosis is easily and cheaply cured in cats, and USDA could then give the animals up for adoption. In a statement, a department spokesman defended USDA’s toxoplasmosis program and its larger track record on animal welfare, though the agency did not specifically address the recent violations found at USDA labs despite multiple requests for comment. The trials are a high priority because toxoplasmosis can cause severe eye and brain damage to unborn children, as well as some farm animals. Critics of USDA’s animal research say they still have questions for the agency: among them, why added oversight and funding has not prompted USDA to correct its animal welfare record.
Keen, the former MARC veterinarian, said these issues don’t only hurt animals – they can skew experiments and invalidate research. USDA abruptly purges animal welfare information from its website.
We Pigs News for 05-01-2018
No one who’s watched developments over that quarter-century should be surprised that, once again, Oregon’s attempt to provide health care coverage to everyone in the state has culminated in a nationally embarrassing failure. Kitzhaber’s role in the creation of the Oregon Health Plan eventually propelled him into the governor’s mansion, and though he’s hardly a national name, he’s arguably done more to advance liberal health care reform than any other politician until Barack Obama. The Oregon Health Plan’s mental health and dental benefits were actually superior to those offered under commercial insurance in the state. ODS Health Plan stopped offering the state plan in three rural counties because of nearly $1 million in losses. The Oregon Health Plan isn’t just a failure; it’s such a failure that it has almost totally undermined the notion that government subsidized health insurance is ever effective.
One, Obamacare supporters seem content with the notion that increased health insurance coverage is the goal regardless of whether it provides quality health care or is financially sustainable. Meet the new Oregon Health Plan, same as the old failed Oregon Health Plan. Brockman says pigs naturally like cold versus warm temperatures and many facilities expose their herd to colder temps, assuming the animals adjust accordingly. Brockman says even in this setting, it is important for pigs to have a warm place to rest and bed down during harsh weather. Holt says the need to keep pigs warm is especially important when they weigh less than 150 pounds.
As hepatitis E concentrates in the liver in both pigs and humans, swine livers were the natural place to test for hepatitis E presence, and probably the riskiest part of the pig to eat. The researchers reasoned that sausage made from pig liver would be a likely vector for hepatitis E transmission to humans, especially a form of smoked pig liver sausage traditionally eaten raw – figatellu.