Soybean Meal and PRRS in Pigs
The March Soybean Meal INFOsource Newsletter is going to look a little different. This quarter we are not going to discuss current soybean and soybean meal supply and demand data, while these are updated monthly, U.S. farmers are still in the process of determining the number of soybean acres for the coming production season. Soybean Meal and PRRS in PigsThe objective of this swine study was to evaluate whether high levels of soybean meal could modulate the pig’s response to a respiratory disease challenge by reducing systemic viral replication and modulating the immune system. A total of 2,112 pigs weighing about 6 kg were placed into two nursery rooms of 48 pens each under commercial conditions to evaluate the potential of SBM levels in combination with phytase to improve growth and health of weaned pigs originating from a porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome affected sow farm.
The percentage of pigs pulled for medical treatment declined linearly with increasing SBM levels. Soybean meal levels did not affect viral load of PRRS when determined on day 20 or day 42. The researchers concluded that increased levels of SBM may be beneficial in health challenged pigs by reducing labor and cost associated with treatment for disease without impacting performance or viral load of PRRS. The tendency for high levels of SBM to cause stool looseness can be countered with a high phytase level. High levels of soybean meal reduces medical treatment in nursery pigs affected by PRRS.
J. Animal Sci. The researchers cited recent studies that implied that increasing soybean meal content of diets can be beneficial in pathogen-challenged pigs, while other reports suggest similar benefits by increasing the use of synthetic amino acids, specifically tryptophan. The objective of their study was to determine if increased synthetic Trp replacing a portion of soybean meal would impact performance of late finishing pigs dual-challenged with PRRSV and MHP. Ninety-six mixed sex pigs weighing about 120 kg were selected and randomly assigned to a high SBM or synthetic Trp diet.
After 96 day on test diets, all pigs were inoculated intratracheally with MHP and intramuscularly with a field strain of PRRSV. Growth performance and feed efficiency were determined until pigs reached market weight after which, carcass were assessed. The SYN pigs had an increase in carcass fat depth compared to the SBM treatment.
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Common Guinea Pig Health Problems
Flystrike is a potentially fatal condition which occurs when flies lay their eggs around a guinea pig’s anus. Symptoms to look out for include eggs and maggots around a guinea pig’s anus, wounds and skin loss. Pets suffering from obesity, dental problems, diarrhoea, arthritis and skin wounds are at high risk of flystrike as flies are attracted to guinea pigs suffering from dirty bottoms or wet fur. Guinea pigs living in dirty hutches are also susceptible, as flies like damp and smelly conditions. Guinea pigs with flystrike are often given antibiotics to help prevent infection and some vets also use anti-parasitic products to try and penetrate the skin and kill any remaining maggots.
There are several different species of mites, however the most common one to affect guinea pigs is Trixacarus caviae, which causes mange. A variety of treatments are available to help treat guinea pigs infested with mites. Guinea pigs with ringworm will have circular, hairless, sore spots. You may notice your guinea pig scratching excessively, biting, suffering hair loss, and in a worse case scenario, suffering seizures. If you think your guinea pig is suffering from mange, take him to the vet immediately.
Guinea pigs are unique in that they can’t produce Vitamin C themselves and are reliant on Vitamin C in their diet. To help prevent Vitamin C deficiency always feed your pet a complete food for guinea pigs.