The guinea pig, also called the cavy, is a species of rodent belonging to the family Caviidae and the genus Cavia. Despite their common name, these animals are not in the pig family, nor are they from Guinea. They originated in the Andes, and earlier studies based on biochemistry and hybridization suggested they are domesticated descendants of a closely related species of cavy such as Cavia aperea, C. fulgida, or C. tschudii and do not exist naturally in the wild.
Recent studies applying molecular markers, in addition to studying the skull and skeletal morphology of current and mummified animals, revealed that the ancestor is most likely Cavia tschudii. The guinea pig plays an important role in the folk culture of many Indigenous South American groups, especially as a food source, but also in folk medicine and in community religious ceremonies. Since the 1960s, efforts have been made to increase consumption of the animal outside South America. In Western societies, the guinea pig has enjoyed widespread popularity as a household pet since its introduction by European traders in the 16th century. Their docile nature, their responsiveness to handling and feeding, and the relative ease of caring for them, continue to make the guinea pig a popular pet.
Organizations devoted to competitive breeding of guinea pigs have been formed worldwide, and many specialized breeds of guinea pig, with varying coat colors and compositions, are cultivated by breeders. Biological experimentation on guinea pigs has been carried out since the 17th century. They are still used in research, primarily as models for human medical conditions such as juvenile diabetes, tuberculosis, scurvy, and pregnancy complications.
Cruel and Inhumane Confinement of Sows Act
To address animal cruelty issues in regard to the restrictive confinement of pregnant pigs in agricultural settings and the inevitable health impacts of the confinement. By prohibiting the use of gestation crates and other confinement techniques, the mental and physical health of pregnant pigs and safety of pork products are protected and promoted. The confinement or tethering of each pig shall constitute a separate offense. On November 5, 2002, Florida voters approved the ban of intensive confinement of pigs in gestation crates. Arizona voters overwhelmingly passed a similar measure in 2006 that outlawed the cruel confinement of breeding pigs as well as veal calves.
On June 28, 2007, Oregon became the first state ever to pass legislation banning the use of cruel confinement of pigs in gestation crates. Among the physical disorders are joint damage, leg weakness, impaired mobility, urinary tract infections, and other painful disorders that prevent pigs from engaging in normal exercise and socialization. If deprived of this, pigs may develop chronic stress, depression, frustration, aggression, and abnormal neurotic behaviors. Intensive confinement not only deprives pigs of a healthy social life, but it inflicts physical and mental pain so severe that pigs often get sick and cannot function. The crowded conditions that result from the use of gestation crates are conducive to the spread of disease among pigs.
Pork produced from sick pigs inevitably makes unhealthy food. The crowded areas leave pigs vulnerable to diseases, but treating the diseases also creates a new health hazard.
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Using the biotech station can cure any illness, but it can also create a deadly and highly contagious one… With the infamous guinea pig disease now a thing of The Sims past, Sims can now catch a few different diseases, each with their own symptoms and method of catching – some are contagious, too. A tombstone above the Sim’s head indicates the Sim is near death from illness. There is a 10% chance any time a Sim eats spoiled or burned food that the Sim will get food poisoning. &EP01 Floor Hygienator Temporary Malfunction When a floor hygienator isn’t created by Sims that have completed the Master Inventor skill challenge, it will have a temporary malfunction that causes it to backfire to the Sims, causing them to get nauseous. &EP02 Experimental Treatment Sims who work in Medical career can try an experimental treatment on themselves or other Sims. In The Sims 3: Supernatural, if a Sim is cursed with the Pestilence Curse by a witch and is not cured within 24 hours, they can get the Pestilence Plague.
The curse is contagious and affected Sims will infect any other Sims they come into contact with. In The Sims 3: Seasons, Sims can get colds, more likely in Fall. The cold is contagious, so it is best to keep sick Sims away from healthy Sims. In The Sims 3: Seasons, Sims can get allergies from wildflowers, more likely in Spring. In The Sims 3: Into the Future, there is a chance for Sims who time travel to be affected with Time Paradox Sickness due to a time anomaly.
Unlike The Sims 3, The Sims Medieval features both injury and disease.
Download the farm self-assessment software from the HSE website. Because of the nature of farming and the potential hazards that a typical farm may present, the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs has also worked in partnership with the HSE to develop guidance for all farmers. A good basic knowledge of typical farm hazards, risks and control measures, and an understanding of how to undertake risk assessments properly, are just some of the topics covered by health and safety vocational qualifications specific to farming and horticulture. As a farmer, you have a responsibility to ensure that you do not inadvertently spread disease from your farm to humans, livestock or plants. You can download a guide to avoiding ill health at open farms from the HSE website.
You can read advice on operating open farms and accreditation schemes on the Farming and Countryside Education website. You can download a leaflet on preventing accidents to children on farms from the HSE website. Your farm should also include reflective road signs to direct traffic when it comes onto your farm. Any queries about the use of pesticides on your farm should be directed to the HSE. It is your responsibility to ensure that the general public is not affected by any chemical drift from spraying operations on your farm.
Download farm self-assessment software from the HSE website. Download farm tractors passenger advice from the HSE website. Download ill health at open farms guidance from the HSE website.