Increasing the living space available for sows and gilts. Introducing higher level of training and competence on welfare issues for personnel. Setting requirements for light and maximum noise levels. Providing permanent access to fresh water and to materials for rooting and playing. In particular with effect from 1st January 2013, pregnant sows must be kept in groups instead of individual stalls during part of their pregnancy – a major improvement for the welfare of sows in the EU.
Indeed apart from some exceptions all pigs are to be raised in groups and must be provided with permanent access to drinking water and food of appropriate quality at regular intervals. They must also have permanent access to a sufficient quantity of enrichment materials that does not compromise their health and enables them to carry out proper investigation and manipulation activities and fulfil their behavioural needs. Please refer to the EFSA page for their scientific opinions on the welfare aspects of pig farming. Routine tail docking is forbidden, the Commission has developed several activities to prevent routine tail docking. Surgical castration, practiced for centuries to remove an unpleasant odour from pork known as ‘boar taint’ and prevent undesirable sexual and aggressive behaviour in pigs, has become a significant animal welfare concern in recent years.
Research has proven that this surgical procedure inflicts pain, even on very young pigs.
Fivet Animal Health
Pig rearing is profitable only if pigs grow quickly and attain good weight gains in a short time period. Measles in pigs is the intermediate stage of a tapeworm that occurs in humans. The eggs hatch in the intestine of the pig and burrow into the intestinal wall. Control measures include the treatment of tapeworm infection in humans; proper use of toilets, so that pigs never come into contact with human waste, stringent meat inspection at slaughter and ensuring that all pork products are well cooked before consumption. The worms compete with the pigs for nutrients and pigs lose condition.
Pigs with no obvious symptoms of worm infestation may be found not to reach target weights. The eggs are passed out through the faeces and survive in warm damp conditions in the environment, where they are ingested by another pig, continuing the cycle. The eggs hatch in the environment and pigs digest the larvae. Healthy pigs on a good plane of nutrition are less likely to be affected by worm infestation. Management systems should be such that sties can be left empty between pigs for a period to be disinfected and allowed to dry for several days.
Pigs on pasture are more susceptible to worm infestation and may have to be dosed more frequently. Boars – every 3-6 months depending on worm load. DECTOMAX INJECTABLE and PIG DEWORMER are effective against roundworm, including migrating stages and are registered for use in pigs.
Do you want to be a guinea pig?
A poster in my internist’s waiting room asks whether I’d be interested in participating in a cholesterol study. In my gynecologist’s waiting room, another poster tries to recruit ladies for studies on prenatal vitamins and on vulvar vestibulitis. If you’re sick, you get the chance to try a treatment so new, you can’t get it from your doctor. Ask about side effects of the experimental treatment compared with the side effects of your current treatment, advises the National Institutes of Health. The doctors running the study might stand to make money if the experimental treatment works, and there are concerns that could influence what they do with you.
The nightmare scenario is that they’ll enroll you in the study even when the new treatment could harm you or that they’ll keep the study going even though the new treatment is clearly causing dangerous side effects. The National Institutes of Health has more information about phases of studies and how clinical trials are conducted. Don’t assume you can keep taking the treatment after the study ends; you might not be able to. When it comes to studies, this is the bottom line: The purpose of the study is to investigate a new treatment, not to take care of you as a patient. The NIH has a bill of rights for study participants.
If you’re going to join a study, be prepared for disappointment. Maybe the new treatment will work, but maybe it won’t.
Have Fun at the Fair, But Don’t Pet the Pigs
WEDNESDAY, Aug. 23, 2017 – You go to the fair for corn dogs and cotton candy, not an infectious swine flu. Researchers are warning that flu can spread among pigs at agricultural fairs and then make the leap to humans, which could potentially lead to a swine flu epidemic. The good news is that people can take steps to protect themselves by doing simple things, including keeping as much distance from the pigs as possible. The new study looked at 18 cases of H3N2 swine flu in people in Ohio and Michigan in 2016. All were linked to agricultural fairs and exposure to pigs infected with flu.
Most of the flu cases were mild, the study authors said in a university news release. The threat remains that a pig-to-people transfer of a flu virus could spark a worldwide crisis, the researchers said. Use signs to warn people against eating and drinking near the exhibits, and provide instructions about proper handwashing. Encourage those at higher risk of flu – such as young kids, people over 65 and those with weakened immune systems – to stay away from animal exhibits. The new study stemmed from a previous one led by Ohio State researchers, too.
Nearly 80 percent of them were harboring the flu virus, although many didn’t appear to be sick. For more about swine flu, visit the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.