Pierce County sheriff’s blotter: Pigs got into the chicken coop
Deputies responded to a driving complaint at 11:34 p.m. April 2 at County Road E and Highway 10 in Prescott. Deputies on patrol at 2:07 a.m. April 3 stopped a vehicle for a traffic violation at 770th Street and Highway 35 in Hager City. Deputies checked on a vehicle in the ditch at 11:01 p.m.
April 3 at 290th Street and Highway 72 in Elmwood. A towing company reported at 11:37 a.m. April 4 that a vehicle had gone down an embankment and struck trees at N7530 910th Street inn River Falls. Deputies on patrol at 4:28 a.m. April 5 stopped a speeder at County Road D and Highway 10 in Ellsworth.
Deputies on patrol at 12:25 a.m. April 7 stopped a vehicle for operating left-of-center at 920th Street and Highway 65 in the town of River Falls. A Spring Valley caller on Highway 29 reported April 3 that neighboring pigs got out and went into the complainant’s chicken coop, breaking a fence. A deputy on patrol witnessed a vehicle in traffic nearly strike a dog at N4488 Highway 35 in Prescott. Deputies arrested a Hager City man March 30 after a domestic disturbance was reported at W9391 460th Ave.
A deputy out looking for a juvenile runaway made casual contact March 20 with an Ellsworth man at W7409 Highway 65 in Beldenville. Two complainants reported March 23 that checks and cash were stolen from N4984 Highway 63 in Ellsworth. Deputies were called at 6:24 p.m. March 24 to W6390 Highway 35 in Bay City for a disorderly person.
Swine influenza is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza virus. Swine influenza viruses may circulate in swine, including swine in Illinois. Influenza A viruses in swine are categorized into subtypes based on two viral surface antigens called hemagglutinin and neuraminidase. Like all influenza viruses, swine flu viruses change constantly. Pigs can be infected by avian influenza and human influenza viruses as well as swine flu viruses.
When influenza viruses from different species infect pigs, the viruses can reassort and new viruses that are a mix of swine, human and/or avian influenza viruses can emerge. Antibody can be due to vaccination of pigs for swine flu or from natural infection with swine flu. In the past several years, CDC has received, on average, about one influenza virus isolate from a human that tests positive for swine flu each year. Vaccines are available to be given to pigs to prevent swine influenza. The seasonal influenza vaccine will likely help provide partial protection against swine H3N2, but not swine H1N1 viruses.
Although immunity to swine H1N1 viruses is low in the human population, a high proportion of persons occupationally exposed to pigs have been shown in several studies to have antibody evidence of prior swine H1N1 flu infection. Because most persons have some antibody to influenza H3N2 viruses since H3N2 viruses occur commonly in humans and because the swine and human H3N2 viruses are similar, swine H3N2 virus infections in humans would not represent a possible pandemic threat.
Salmonella outbreak linked to guinea pigs
A continuing investigation by the CDC, several states and the US Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service has found evidence that contact with pet guinea pigs is the likely source of the salmonella outbreak. The CDC said in Tuesday’s announcement that this outbreak is a reminder that pet rodents such as guinea pigs can carry Salmonella bacteria even when they look healthy and clean, regardless of where they are purchased or adopted. Rodents are not recommended as pets for children younger than 5, pregnant women, elderly adults or people with weakened immune systems, because these groups are at greater risk for serious illness. Pet rodents should not be kept in child care centers, schools or other facilities with children younger than 5. Always wash your hands after touching, feeding or caring for pet rodents or cleaning their habitats.
Do not kiss, nuzzle or hold pet rodents close to your face. Never eat, drink or smoke while playing with or caring for your pet rodent. Keep pet rodents, food and water bowls, and other supplies out of the kitchen or other areas where food is prepared, served or consumed. Tell your health care provider that you have been around pet rodents, whether at home or away from the home, especially if you are sick or have been bitten or scratched. Some germs carried by rodents can cause serious and life-threatening illness.
Do not release unwanted pet rodents into the wild. Many pet retailers, pet stores, local animal shelters, zoos or animal rescues accept unwanted pets.
How to make your own pig feed on the farm
Farmers can make their own feeds and sell surplus feed to other farmers. Pig feed should be of high quality to ensure the pigs grow to the desired weight for the market. Assuming a farmer has 10 piglets to feed, they can isolate a creep area where their mother cannot reach and put in 50g of feed per piglet per day. At 14 weeks, the pigs will require additional feed; the farmer can give 1.4kg of extra feed per pig per day. A wet ration in the morning at 7 am, a dry feed at noon and a final wet feed at 4 pm.
At 22 weeks, the pigs require a higher feed ration as they are about to attain the market liveweight of between 80-90kg. At this stage the farmer should give them 2.5 – 2.75kg of feed per pig per day. A sow with piglets that are suckling requires 6 kilogrammes of feed every day or an amount of feed that is equal to 25 % of her body weight. A female pig that is not yet served should be given at least 3kg of feed per day. Feed formulation is not easy especially for small-scale farmers due to lack of raw materials and the technical knowledge on how to prepare their own feeds.
For farmers who want to keep many pigs, say, between 500 to 1000 pigs, it makes economic sense to make their own feeds as long as they can get the right raw materials for feed formulation. Sweet potato vines are very nutritious pig feed if well prepared and preserved. Pig farmers who incorporate sweet potato silage into the pig diet can cut their feed costs by up to 30 per cent.