ENGEMYCIN® 10%An aqueous oxytetracycline injectable solution for the treatment and control of disease conditions caused by or associated with oxytetracycline susceptible organisms. ENGEMYCIN® SPRAYTreatment of topical infections such as lacerations, abrasions, gaping wounds dermatitis and footrot caused by or associated with organisms susceptible to oxytetracycline. IVOTAN®Antiparasitic remedy for cattle, sheep and pigs. PANACUR® 4% POWDERA Roundworm remedy for pigs and cattle as well as a roundworm and milk tapeworm remedy for sheep and goats. PORCILIS® APPA vaccine for the active immunisation of weaner pigs as an aid in the control of pleuropneumonia caused by Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae. PORCILIS® AR-T. An inactivated vaccine for the vaccination of sows and gilts for the prevention of clinical signs of progressive Atrophic Rhinitis in piglets by passive oral immunisation with colostrum from dams hyperimmunised with the vaccine. PORCILIS® PCVFor the active immunisation of pigs, to reduce the virus load in blood and lymphoid tissues and to reduce the weight loss associated with PCV2 infection occurring during the fattening period. PORCILIS® PORCOLI DFInactivated vaccine recommended for the active immunisation of pigs as an aid in the control of swine erysipelas. REVERIN 135 SCOURMUNE® CFor use in healthy pregnant gilts and sows to aid in the prevention of neonatal pig diarrhoea caused by Escherichia coli expressing pili types K88, K99, 987P and enterotoxaemia caused by Clostridium prefrigens type C. TRIVETRIN® INJECTIONFor the treatment of bacterial infections of the respiratory tract, urinary tract, genital tract and alimentary tract. It is also highly effective in the treatment of footrot, severe mastitis, bacterial agalactia of sows and the treatment of wound infections and septicaemias. Dip for sheep, goats, angora goats and spray for pigs. Kills sheep scab mites, lice, keds, blowfly larvae and controls ticks present at time of dipping and itch mites on sheep and goats.
Effect of feed grade L-methionine on growth performance and gut health in nursery pigs compared with conventional DL-methionine.
Effect of feed grade L-methionine on growth performance and gut health in nursery pigs compared with conventional DL-methionine. Two experiments were conducted to test if supplementation of LMET has beneficial effects on growth performance and gut health in nursery pigs compared with DL-Met. 1, 168 pigs in 56 pens were randomly allotted to 7 dietary treatments for 20 d, including a basal diet, the BD+0.048% L-Met or DL-Met, the BD+0.096% L-Met or DL-Met, and the BD+0.144% L-Met or DL-Met. Body weight and feed disappearance were recorded every 5 d for computation of growth performance. 2, 20 individually housed nursery pigs were randomly allotted to 2 dietary treatments for 20 d: DML or LMET. Both diets had Met meeting 95% of the NRC requirement. Duodenum samples from all pigs were collected at the end of the trial to evaluate morphology and redox status. 1, during the entire 20 d, pigs fed diets supplemented with L-Met tended to have greater ADG and reduced plasma urea nitrogen than pigs fed diets supplemented with DL-Met. The relative bioavailability of L-Met to DL-Met for ADG and G:F was 143.8 and 122.7%, respectively. 2, pigs fed a diet supplemented with L-Met had duodenum tissue with greater concentrations of glutathione and greater villus height and width as well as lower concentrations of protein carbonyl compared with pigs fed DL-Met. Overall, compared with DL-Met, the use of L-Met as a source of supplemental Met in nursery pig diets enhanced duodenum villus development in association with reduced oxidative stress and improved GSH. The beneficial effects of supplementing L-Met compared to DL-Met in gut of nursery pigs resulted in a potential enhancement of ADG and reduction of PUN.PMID: 25414105 Publication Types: Comparative Study. Substances Effect of feed grade L-methionine on growth performance and gut health in nursery pigs compared with conventional DL-methionine.
Early detection of health and welfare compromises through automated detection of behavioural changes in pigs
Early detection of health and welfare compromises in commercial piggeries is essential for timely intervention to enhance treatment success, reduce impact on welfare, and promote sustainable pig production. Behavioural changes that precede or accompany subclinical and clinical signs may have diagnostic value. Often referred to as sickness behaviour, this encompasses changes in feeding, drinking, and elimination behaviours, social behaviours, and locomotion and posture. Such subtle changes in behaviour are not easy to quantify and require lengthy observation input by staff, which is impractical on a commercial scale. Automated early-warning systems may provide an alternative by objectively measuring behaviour with sensors to automatically monitor and detect behavioural changes. This paper aims to: review the quantifiable changes in behaviours with potential diagnostic value; subsequently identify available sensors for measuring behaviours; and describe the progress towards automating monitoring and detection, which may allow such behavioural changes to be captured, measured, and interpreted and thus lead to automation in commercial, housed piggeries. Multiple sensor modalities are available for automatic measurement and monitoring of behaviour, which require humans to actively identify behavioural changes. This has been demonstrated for the detection of small deviations in diurnal drinking, deviations in feeding behaviour, monitoring coughs and vocalisation, and monitoring thermal comfort, but not social behaviour. Current progress is in the early stages of developing fully automated detection systems that do not require humans to identify behavioural changes; e.g., through automated alerts sent to mobile phones. Challenges for achieving automation are multifaceted and trade-offs are considered between health, welfare, and costs, between analysis of individuals and groups, and between generic and compromise-specific behaviours.