The Wheekly Reader
Usually once is enough – once you’ve seen lice or mites on your cavy, you’ll know the telltale signs when you see them again. Because these common pests can result in permanent harm and even death in cavies, it is important to familiarize yourself with the signs and symptoms of two common cavy parasites: lice, and mange mites. If you see it on one of your cavies, then it is safe to assume that ALL of your cavies need to be treated for lice. If your cavy has lice, you will see tiny, almost worm-like insects wriggling on you cavy’s skin underneath its hair. Cavy lice spread from one guinea pig to the next via direct contact with other guinea pigs or contact with other contaminated objects, which may include cage bedding, toys or other cage furnishings, grooming utensils and supplies, or, quite frankly, humans who have handled other guinea pigs with lice. It’s worth noting that your cavy is not going to get lice from bedding or food bought at a store; but it may pick up lice whenever it enters a situation where there are other unfamiliar guinea pigs. As a general rule of thumb, if I plan to take my cavies anywhere there will be other cavies with which I am are not familiar, I always treat those cavies that traveled as though they have come into contact with lice. Like cavy lice, you can’t get mange mites from your guinea pig, because mange mites can’t live off human blood. Unlike lice, mange mites do not just passively sit on the skin and drink your cavy’s blood. If infested, your cavy will scratch and bite at itself, will become sensitive to being touched or petted and may suddenly become aggressive toward its caretakers, and, as the infestations grows larger, your cavy may appear to have fits where it runs wildly about its cage or has convulsions. If you observe these symptoms in your cavy, seek treatment immediately, as advanced infestations often cause such discomfort that the cavy may stop eating and drinking, ultimately resulting in death. Unlike lice, mange mites also spend part of their life cycle underneath the cavy’s skin, which means the mites and their eggs are unlikely to fall off a cavy and into bedding or other materials that might allow the infestation to spread. Most mite infestations result from direct cavy-to-cavy contact.
Kentucky Department of Fish & Wildlife Wild Pigs in Kentucky
RELEASING OR POSSESSING WILD PIGS IN KENTUCKY IS ILLEGAL! In Kentucky it is illegal to possess, transport, or release live, wild, feral or Eurasian pigs for any purpose. On weekends or after hours, report to 1-800-25ALERT. History of Wild Pigs in Kentucky Wild pigs are not native to Kentucky or North America. The historic practices of allowing pigs to range freely and regularly releasing pigs to new areas over the following centuries encouraged the spread and establishment of wild pigs that we now see throughout the southeastern United States. In Kentucky, reports of wild pigs were relatively uncommon until the 1990’s when sporadic reports began to emerge from the Dale Hollow Lake area of Cumberland County and the Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area in McCreary County. The early reports of wild pigs in Cumberland and McCreary counties were most likely the result of natural range expansion from established wild pig populations in east Tennessee. Existing data and investigations indicate that wild pigs have colonized new areas in Kentucky via truck and trailer; the result of illegal releases for recreational hunting opportunities. All wild or domestic pigs are descendants of Eurasian wild boar and are not native to North America. The feeding habits and associated behaviors of wild pigs often results in extensive damage to agriculture, ornamental plantings, and native wildlife habitats. In Kentucky there is little evidence to suggest significant coyote or black bear predation on wild pigs and the most significant cause of pig mortality results from human-related activities. Biologically, wild pigs pose serious threats as they simply outcompete native wildlife for available food and space resources. From a general health perspective wild pigs are one of, if not the, most active carriers of wildlife-related diseases in the U.S. Biologists have identified at least 45 different parasites and diseases that are transmissible by wild pigs and these threats extend far beyond native wildlife. In Kentucky, the United States Department of Agriculture has already confirmed the presence of both pseudorabies and swine brucellosis from wild pigs in Kentucky.
AS143/AN143: Feeding Food Wastes to Swine
The feeding of food waste or garbage to swine and other livestock animals is a common practice throughout the world and is often concentrated around metropolitan centers. The primary waste products fed to swine are plate and kitchen waste, bakery waste, and food products from grocery stores. For the purpose of this article, the term food waste will be used to refer to all food wastes, including plate waste, kitchen or table scraps, garbage, or swill, and all food residuals discarded after serving. Feeding food waste to swine has been common in the United States, especially in rural areas adjacent to major metropolitan areas. It is the presence of meat in food waste that necessitates cooking; all table or plate scraps resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking, or consumption of food require cooking before feeding to swine. Most swine fed exclusively on food/plate waste attain maximum gains of about one pound per day, but to achieve this, swine must consume food waste in larger quantities than they would commercial swine feed. These farms collected food waste from institutions and often supplemented with other food wastes such as bakery, fish cannery, or vegetable processing wastes. Development of new technologies to process food waste is a major need for food waste feeding. The variability of food waste composition highlights the difficulty in including food waste in contemporary swine diets. Some of the issues that will influence new processing techniques are regulatory in nature, such as whether processed food waste meets the requirements of the Swine Health Protection Act, or whether the Food and Drug Administration should regulate these processes. 1.01d. 1.36d. a Pigs given Treatment 1 received a corn and soybean-meal diet ad libitum; Treatment 2 received ad libitum food waste plus a corn premix limited to 50% of Treatment 1 intake; Treatment 3 received ad libitum food waste plus a corn premix limited to 25% of Treatment 1 intake; and Treatment 4 received only ad libitum food waste. The dietary treatments were formulated assuming protein needs would be met by food waste and energy would be limiting in food waste diets.