CDFA > AHFSS > AHB > Entry Requirements & Information About Livestock & Pet Movement
Most livestock and poultry have entry permit and Certificate of Veterinary Inspection requirements to enter California. California entry permits are issued to accredited licensed veterinarians from the state of origin by the Animal Health Branch by calling900-5052. To facilitate prompt, efficient transition through the station, an Equine Only – California Entry Document has been developed. Vesicular Stomatitis Vesicular Stomatitis – Based on the international delisting of Vesicular Stomatitis and recent scientific evidence, California is revising the VS entry requirement statement on Certificates of Veterinary Inspection from VS affected states. These requirements are in addition to Californias routine poultry entry requirements. Accredited licensed veterinarians may order California Certificates of Veterinary Inspection for Livestock and Poultry from the Animal Health Branch by calling 900-5002.For information on moving animals from California to other states check the USDA State Regulations page and call the state of destination. Cervidae Entry RequirementsContact the California Department of Fish and WildLife at 928-5805 for information about importing Cervids into California. If transporting biologics, microorganisms, or parasites into California, contact the California Department of Food and Agriculture, Animal Health Branch for additional information and/or a PERMIT. Dogs and Cats are regulated by the California Department of Public Health. Neither a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection, also known as a health certificate, nor a rabies vaccination is required to import a cat into California; however, if traveling into California via airplane, please call the airline as they may have additional requirements. California Entrance Requirements for Dogs:All domestic dogs must be healthy. A Certificate of Veterinary Inspection, also known as a health certificate, is not required for privately owned dogs being brought into the State of California. For information on moving animals to California from other countries and from California to other countries, check the USDA Veterinary Services International Animal Import and Export web site.
PROVET HEALTHCARE INFORMATION
Proper hygienic precautions should be taken after contact with animals which could be carrying the disease, especially children and people with impaired immune function. DescriptionSalmonella poisoning is one of the commonest forms of zoonosis with infection being transmitted directly or indirectly from animals to humans, or from infected food products to humans. Infection is usually through direct or indirect ingestion of the organism from contact with animal faeces on animals or in the environment, or contact with contaminated food, water or objects. Infected animals can shed the organisms in faeces or orally even if they do not show any signs of illness. Young animals, animals with poor immune responses, animals subjected to stress and animals suffering from malnutrition or obesity are at greater risk from exposure to Salmonella. Many animals can be infected with Salmonella but show no signs at all. Brain Blindness Excitability Fits Flicking of the eye – calves Staggering Paralysis of the hind legs Eye Conjunctivitis with enlarged lymph nodes Joints Arthritis in multiple joints – especially in young animals that survive the acute stage of the disease Liver Lungs Cough Difficulty breathing Nose bleeds Pneumonia – all species but especially pigs Lymphatics Enlarged lymph nodes Skin Dark red to purple discolouration on abdomen or ears due to haemorrhages. Severe disease due to septicaemia or toxaemia is most likely to occur in very young animals, whereas gastrointestinal signs are more likely in adults. Animals recovering from Salmonellosis shed organisms in their faeces for at least 4-6 weeks, and this can start again if the animal is stressed – for example if horses are transported. Many animals will be positive for organisms but the Salmonella present may not be causing any clinical signs that the animal has. Negative cultures may not mean that the animal does not have Salmonellosis – especially if there are large numbers of other organisms present as well. antibiotic use should be reserved for animals with severe disease, and is not recommended for animals with gastrointestinal signs only – because of the risk of bacterial resistance developing.
One can look at the history of pigs in research as a barometer of attitudinal changes toward animals, both by the public and the professions that make use of them. Temple Grandin has posted a series of her research articles on pigs relating to handling and environment when they are being raised as a food resource. Pigs were one of the earliest research animals: in ancient Greece Erasistratus used them to investigate the mechanics of breathing. As scientific research became a large and successful endeavor, pigs, like rats, became increasingly popular since most people lack the emotional attachment to swinethey became in many protocols the replacement animal for dogs and cats. Miniature pigs are purpose bred for research; they are smaller than those bred for production, with a much slower growth curve, but physiologically in all other ways they are similar to agricultural pigs. During recent years, pigs have become utilized for their biological parts, e.g. cardiac valve replacement; the area of xenotransplantation, a recent development, has resulted not only in increased scientific research but also new and difficult ethical questions. Given the exponential increase in biotechnological research using pigs, along with genomic knowledge in general, there are ethical concerns now that could never have been foreseen. There is a wealth of information about pigs since they have become a critically important animal in biomedical research: Information Resources on Swine in Biomedical Research 1990-2000 contains resources as well as informative articles as to their biology. Although bacterial illnesses accounts for most symptomatic disease in research pigs, an asymptomatic virus load can interfere with research in less obvious but critical ways. Comfortable Quarters for Pigs in Research Institutions, has specific details. Genetically altered pigs for potential use in clinical xenotransplantation are now technically feasible as precise genetic modifications in the pig genome are achieved. The housing standards for pigs raised in agriculture for food are very different from those for pigs used in research institutions.