FAO’s Animal Production and Health Division: Pigs and Human Health
Because pig production and pork consumption have a direct impact on human health, it is clear that a holistic approach under what is known as the “One Health” approach is needed to maximize the benefits of the sector and minimize potential threats to human wellbeing. The ability of Sus scrofa to convert by-products and waste from households or food processing into protein has been exploited since the animal was first domesticated. This form of nutrient “Recycling” is a significant source of high quality protein that has an important role in achieving household food security. Protein and micronutrients with high bioavailability in pork enhance the nutritional adequacy of plant-based diets if added in reasonable amounts. Human health risks can be related to production processes or to the consumption of pork and pork products. A major concern is the interface between pigs and humans and the range of pathogens that cause diseases in one or the other or both: transmission can occur through direct contact between animals and humans, and slaughter, processing and consumption also open possibilities of infection. Human health risks also arise from accumulations in pig carcasses of toxic substances ingested in their feed. Dioxins are a classic example of potentially carcinogenic substances that must be prevented from entering the feed-production chain so that they do not reach serious levels in the consumed product.
Learn all you can about guinea pig health information. Wrap the little guinea pig in a towel and carefully trim his nails avoiding the quick. Its best to keep rough surfaces in your guinea pigs cage like rocks and bricks to help keep the nails worn down naturally. If you are uncomfortable trimming your guinea pigs nails; have your veterinarian do it the first time watching the veterinarian very carefully. A very important aspect about guinea pig health information is that rodents teeth constantly grow. You will need to regularly examine your guinea pigs teeth. The teeth will grow inward making it impossible for your guinea pig to eat. Guinea pigs do not handle stress and stress will lead to poor health. Like rabbits, guinea pigs have a special pouch in their anus where soft poops are stored. To begin bonding and handling your guinea pig, pick him or her up gently with one hand under its belly and the other hand securing the cavy. HealthUsually the first signs of illness are that the guinea pigs will stop eating. Diarrhea is very serious in a guinea pig because it is a sign of a bacterial infection and guinea pigs dehydrate very quickly. Its best to contact a veterinarian because the guinea pig, once showing symptoms, can succumb to illness very quickly. As you can see, it is wise to pick out a veterinarian that is knowledgeable about guinea pigs. SummaryThe guinea pig is a very special little pet that is highly social.
Abyssinian Guinea Pig, Guinea Pig Care and Keeping Abyssinian Guinea Pigs
Abyssinian Guinea PigAmerican Guinea PigCoronet Guinea PigPeruvian Guinea PigSilkie Guinea PigSkinny PigTeddy Guinea PigTexel Guinea PigWhite Crested Guinea Pig You may think the Abyssinian Guinea Pig is having a ‘bad hair day’, but it is the unique coat that makes this guinea pig stand out! The Abyssinian Guinea Pig has quite the distinctive look. Abyssinians are great pets for children, or adults who are first-time guinea pig owners. Abyssinian Guinea Pigs were among the first breeds to be recognized by the American Cavy Breeders Association. Description: The most recognizable trait of the Abyssinian Guinea Pig is its rosettes. The Abyssinian Satin Guinea Pig has particularly silky, shiny hair. Color differences: The Abyssinian Guinea Pig can be found in a wide variety of colors. Be sure to provide your guinea pig with a good home and a proper diet. Guinea pigs need plenty of exercise and they also love to play. When picking up a guinea pig make sure you do not grab it only by its shoulders. Guinea pigs are social creatures and will like to have a companion. Availability: Abyssinian Guinea Pigs are fairly common among breeders, and may be found in pet stores. Guinea Pigs come in many varieties and are readily available at pet stores, shelters, and rescues. When looking to acquire a pet guinea pig make sure it is a healthy animal. A healthy guinea pig will have brilliant eyes, good sound teeth, and a healthy coat.
4 Common Health Problems in Guinea Pigs
Guinea pigs are usually sicker than you think once you notice something is wrong. Find a veterinarian in your area who is knowledgeable about guinea pigs before you are in a crisis. Your pet guinea pig will live 5-7 years, on average. If you start out with a healthy guinea pig and pay attention to simple but important care guidelines, piggies usually remain free of disease. Environmental changes, poor care, stress or neglect occurs, sick guinea pigs are not easy to cure. Here are some of the most common problems I see in my practice concerning guinea pigs – and how you can avoid them. A few dietary guidelines should keep your guinea pig in tip-top health. One of the most worrisome conditions in pet guinea pigs is gut stasis, where the GI tract slows down. Only a few antibiotics are safe to use in guinea pigs. Young pigs are particularly at risk if they came from a pet store or environment with poor husbandry, had a bad or stressful start to life, or were exposed to other pigs who are infected or carriers of respiratory disease. Intense scratching in a guinea pig usually indicates a mite infection. Guinea pigs can scratch so severely that they appear to have a seizure. Dermatophytosis, a fungal infection, is also seen in guinea pigs. Pet store products are not effective in eradicating guinea pig skin infections that are fungal or parasitic. If your guinea pig becomes ill, don’t delay in seeking veterinary care.