Public Health Concerns Regarding Wild Pigs
Wild pigs are known carriers of at least 45 different parasites and diseases that pose a threat to livestock, pets, wildlife, and in some cases, human health. Also of concern are foreign animal diseases: those that have never been in North America or those that were present at one time but have been eradicated during the last 100 years. FADs are of particular concern because they are highly contagious and the continued expansion of wild pig ranges will only help to facilitate their spread ifintroduced. Domestic swine operations with poor facilities and facility maintenance are at a greater risk of disease transmission from wild pigs. Wild pig use of feed troughs and watering tanks is a potential disease threat to domestic livestock. The threat of disease transmission from wild pigs to other animals is probably of greatest concern to the livestock industry. Several of these diseases are swine specific, but others can affect cattle, sheep, goats, dogs, horses, and several species of native wild mammals. Infectious diseases that are significant to livestock and other animals include. Pseudorabies Virus Swine brucellosis Bovine tuberculosis FADs African swine fever Classical swine fever Foot and Mouth Disease Public Health Always wear gloves when handling wild pigs. Diseases that are transmissible from animals to humans are called zoonotic diseases. Many of these diseases are transmitted through contact with bodily fluids and handling or ingestion of infected tissues. Diseases can also be transmitted indirectly through contaminated water sources and possibly, through ticks. Zoonotic diseases transmissible by wild pigs include. Thoroughly clean and disinfect work areas and tools used to dress and butcher wild pigs. Cook wild pork to an internal temperature of 165°F to 170°F..
A Vet’s Guide To Life: Guinea Pig Skin Issues
Looked like a typical mite infestation; skin flakes coming off, some scabby bits where she had scratched/bitten and made it bleed. I really hope this will sort it out…. On another forum someone was putting up the query of hormonal issues, but I don’t know… when pigs have lost hair in the past the hair simply fell out as opposed to the whole flaky/scabby business. In my experience the huge majority of skin issues in guinea pigs falls into two categories: mites and fungal. It’s uncommon for me to see flaking skin and hair loss without it being one of these disorders. Skin mites in these pets will always cause itching, sometimes severe enough to lead to seizures. It’s actually very common NOT to find the mites, as it only takes a few to cause a significant issue. If it’s mites you should see improvement within the first week, then likely a cure after the second injection. If it’s not mites, then ivermectin won’t do anything. Ringworm is the other big concern, and is very common in guinea pigs. As I’ve mentioned in an older blog, using a blacklight is not diagnostic at all in guinea pigs because the species of ringworm they get doesn’t fluoresce. The only way to diagnose ringworm in guinea pigs is doing a fungal culture where you collect hairs and put them on a culture medium. In any case where I have any doubts at all about it being mites, I will recommend a fungal culture since it’s inexpensive and easy. The most common hormonal problems leading to hair loss in guinea pigs are related to the ovaries. Septrin is a sulfa antibiotic commonly used in exotic species and should be effective against most skin bacteria. Though guinea pig skin cases are usually pretty straight-forward, you can get cases that stump even the best general practitioner.
Guinea Pig Care
If you’re looking for information on how to care for pet guinea pigs and are the proud new owner of a Cavia porcellus, you’re in store for lots of fun! For these small furry creatures, properly called the cavy, guinea pig care is not too difficult. The first thing is to choose a suitable name – check out our mega list of guinea pig names. Guinea pigs live up to nine years, although they average somewhere between five and seven years. Guinea pig care begins with proper food, and these pets eat hays, forage grasses, and pellets. Guinea pigs groom themselves, and sometimes they groom each other. Good guinea pig care includes learning about some common mistakes made by well-meaning owners. Many guinea pigs hate the taste of the vitamins added to water, so they’ll avoid their water and become dehydrated. As much as your guinea pig is going to bond with you, he’ll be even happier if he has a companion. If you want to provide a great home to guarantee a happy guinea pig, care should be taken to choose a large cage. You need 7.5 square feet for one guinea pig, and allow three feet more for every additional pet. Make sure to bookmark the ultimate Guinea Pig Care Sheet which has the top information on guinea pig care and read on for more piggy tips! Rather than just visiting your neighborhood pet store, call your area’s humane shelter / guinea pig rescue first and ask if they have any available for adoption. You might have to give your pet some extra treatment if he’s been neglected, but providing the good guinea pig care that he needs to become healthy and happy will allow you to take pride in and enjoy your pet even more. Have a question, need more info or want to contribute your experience with guinea pigs? – Get involved on the Guinea Pig Care Facebook Page..