Care of Guinea Pigs Introduction Guinea pig is the common name for a cavy. The guinea pig neither comes from Guinea, nor is it a pig. If you are planning to buy two or more guinea pigs so that they might keep each other company, remember that two adult males will not tolerate each other’s company and housing them together can lead to fighting, resource hoarding and eventually death for the submissive, weaker guinea pig. Remember, guinea pigs are quite precocious and can start breeding as young as 4-6 weeks of age unless you want lots of guinea pigs, it is best to get either the male or female or both guinea pigs neutered if you are housing a male and a female together. Bedding in guinea pig cages serves three purposes: it is the litter box, it serves as a substrate in which the guinea pig may nest and burrow, and it provides a soft surface on which to walk. Guinea pig pellets are also an important part of your guinea pig’s diet. Small amounts, about 1-2 ounces per adult guinea pig, should be fed in addition to hay and raw vegetables and fruit. Supplementing your guinea pig’s diet with fresh vegetables and fruits will help prevent boredom, as well as make sure that your guinea pig ‘s diet is optimum. Things to consider when feeding your guinea pig fresh foods are: 1. Avoid feeding iceberg lettuce, shelled nuts or seeds, dairy products and candy to your guinea pig. As mentioned above, the water should preferably be provided to your guinea pig through a water bottle. Respiratory infections can quickly lead to pneumonia in a guinea pig and guinea pigs with these signs should be seen by a veterinarian. Never house Guinea pigs and rabbits in the same hutch, and limit dog/guinea pig interactions. Reproduction Most people who buy guinea pigs for pets aren’t buying them to breed guinea pigs unfortunately, sometimes the pet stores unknowingly sell pregnant females. Any person considering a guinea pig as a pet should spend some time around guinea pigs before adopting them.
The ‘myth’ of the clinical trial guinea pig
A common perception of clinical trials is that they are risky – and that those who take part are little more than “Guinea pigs”. In this week’s Scrubbing Up, Dr Jonathan Sheffield, chief executive of the National Institute for Health Research Clinical Research Network says we need to rethink our ideas about clinical trials. In a national poll in 2012, 82% of the public thought it was important for the NHS to offer opportunities to take part in clinical research, and fewer than 7% said they would never take part. The first thing to remember is that clinical research is part of what the NHS is all about. Doctors use clinical research studies to compare current treatments with potentially better ones, so that we can keep improving the care we offer NHS patients. Without the evidence that clinical research provides, medicine would never progress. A lot of clinical trials involve using existing medicines in new ways, or in new combinations, to see if we can make them more effective. The point is, there are many different types of clinical study, covering all aspects of medicine, so the scope of research in the NHS goes way beyond most people’s perception. So how risky is it to take part in a clinical trial? All clinical research studies have to go through very strict ethical and regulatory checks before they get anywhere near a patient, and the UK has one of the best records world-wide for patient safety. In the NHS, patients volunteer to take part in clinical research, and they do so for a whole number of reasons. Sometimes it is because a clinical trial can offer a new treatment option. The key point is that there are strict rules about gaining the consent of patients and carers before they take part in a clinical research study – and these rules are taken very seriously indeed. Last year, more than half a million NHS patients chose to take part in nearly 3,000 clinical research studies. Through clinical research, we can keep making patients, and the NHS, better.
What is Leptospirosis? Information Symptoms: Usually symptoms occur in 7-14 days, with a range of 2 to 30 days after being exposed. Domestic Kaua’i: 241-3563 and wild animals such as rodents, East Hawai’i: 933-0912 mongooses, pigs, cattle, livestock and dogs West Hawai’i: 322-4877 can also transmit the disease. Leptospirosis is found worldwide but is more common in DOH website at: www. Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection If you think you have symptoms of leptospirosis, see a doctor right away. How are people infected? Swimming, wading, hiking and fishing in freshwater ponds, waterfalls or streams contaminated with animal urine. Leptospira bacteria are spread in the Tell the doctor about any recent contact with freshwater or animals and ask them to test for leptospirosis. When Leptospira bacteria in freshwater streams, mud or animal urine get into their eyes, nose, Linda Lingle, Governor Chiyome Leinaala Fukino, M.D., Director of Health Farming, gardening or touching moist soil or vegetation contaminated with animal urine. Touching urine, tissues, or blood of infected animals. 2M-9/2006 How leptospirosis is spread Steps to avoid getting leptospirosis Animals such as rats, mice, mongooses, livestock and dogs get infected with Leptospira bacteria. Urine of infected animals contaminates soil and fresh water. 3 Humans can catch leptospirosis from the contaminated fresh water and soil. Leptospira bacteria enter the eyes, nose, 1 Treat stream water and catchment water by vigorous boiling for 1 minute or Avoid swimming, wading, hiking or chemical treatment before drinking. Keep water catchment Protect yourself when you are: areas free from branches and prevent Working in moist soil or water access by animals. Caring for pets and livestock Fishing and prawning Hunting and butchering animals 5 By wearing: for leptospirosis. Gloves Heavy pants or waders Boots Goggles Long sleeves Vaccinate pets and farm animals 6 Drain standing water ..