Guinea Pig Facts
They bred them as pets and for food and offered them as sacrifices to their gods, according to Sharon Lynn Vanderlip, author of “The Guinea Pig Handbook”. No one is really sure where the name Guinea pig came from. The name may come from the price of a Guinea pig in 16th-century England: 1 guinea. Cavies can’t seem to shake the pig connotation; even its species name, C. porcellus, means “Little pig” in Latin. According to ADW, there are 13 commonly recognized types or breeds of guinea pig: American, American satin, Abyssinian, Abyssinian satin, Peruvian, Peruvian satin, silkie, silkie satin, teddy, teddy satin, texel, coronet and the white crested. While domesticated Guinea pigs are no longer found in the wild, they do have some cousins, also called Guinea pigs, in South America that live in forests, savannas, mountainous grasslands and bushy areas. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, the Brazilian Guinea pig is found in Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Bolivia, northern Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay. The Moleques do Sul Guinea pig is from Moleques Island do Sul, a 25-acre island in Santa Catarina, Brazil. The shiny Guinea pig is found in coastal areas of southeastern Brazil. The greater Guinea pig occurs in southern Brazil and Uruguay. The Montane Guinea pig ranges from northwestern Argentina and northern Chile to Peru. When they are awake, Guinea pigs spend their time feeding, grooming or investigating their cage, according to the ADW. Guinea pigs are herbivores, meaning they do not eat meat. Typically, domesticated Guinea pigs eat processed pellets made from alfalfa hay or timothy hay and vitamins and minerals that Guinea pigs need to be healthy. Genus: Cavia Species: Cavia aperea; Cavia fulgida; Cavia intermedia; Cavia magna; Cavia porcellus(domesticated Guinea pig); Cavia tschudii. Domesticated Guinea pigs and most of their wild cousins are in no danger of extinction and are listed as “Least Concern” by the IUCN’s Red List of Threatened Species.
Everything you Need to Know about Pet Pigs and Keeping Pigs as Pets
Keeping pet pigs is rather fashionable these days; mini pigs, micro pigs, tea cup pigs and even pot bellied pigs are in. When keeping pet pigs you will notice that your pigs love attention and will bask in being spoken to, enjoy a scratch behind the ear and a good scrub down with a brush. Keeping pigs as pets can be fun, but you also need to be careful with them when you feed them. KEEPING PIGS AS PETS and a Pig’s Diet Pigs are also excellent producers, have large litters which they are fairly good at in looking after, which makes them a great source of extra income if you are thinking of selling off the piglets from your pet pigs. KEEPING PIGS AS PETS And Choosing What to Pig to Buy and Why? Pigs come in all shapes, colors and sizes and different breeds result in different temperaments. Potbelly pigs are another firm favorite when keeping pigs as pets. Your pet pig could end up weighing in excess of 200 kg! This is another reason why you need to make sure that those fences are strong! If you choose a miniature pig as a pet their mature weight range could be around 20 – 50 kg. KEEPING PIGS AS PETS and Choosing which Sex of Pig to buy If you are thinking of keeping pigs as pets you are probably wondering which sex you should buy. KEEPING PIGS AS PETS – Pig Care and Feeding When you are purchasing your pet pig ask the breeder what they have been feeding them and how much. KEEPING PIGS AS PETS – Bringing home a Piglet If you are bringing home a piglet for the first time, place it in a draught-free place with a good bed and a pan of water. Pigs adore sloppy food in which they can snort and gargle! Tiny pigs will have to be bottle fed. KEEPING PIGS AS PETS – Pig Housing Pigs are often maligned as dirty, smelly, unattractive beasts. Pigs will tolerate temperatures between 12-26°C. Anything, either side of these temperatures, and your pet pig will be in distress. Keeping a pig as a pet is great fun and they really do make wonderful pets. Keeping pigs as pets is both enjoyable and entertaining.
Pig Facts And Fiction
When managed properly, pigs are hardy, healthy animals. If pigs are raised in a stress-free environment with adequate, healthy food and they receive high-quality colostrum from their mothers at birth, they are less susceptible to illness and have stronger immune systems, making them easier to raise. Pigs with diseased or challenged immune systems will often reach market weight 14 to 30 days later than herd mates. Different pig breeds have different rates of maturity. Good, clean drinking water is very important for keeping a pig healthy. It keeps body functions operating smoothly and helps rid the pig’s body of waste. Pig barns should have proper ventilation to help prevent respiratory disease. Pigs are actually one of the cleanest farm animals if given adequate space. Pigs can catch diseases carried onto the farm by people, feed trucks, dogs, cats, rats, etc. We typically buy pigs with disease unintentionally and bring them home; they then transmit the disease to other pigs in the herd. Some producers depopulate their herd and start over with clean, healthy breeding stock and establish a herd health plan to stay free of disease. Slaughter checks on your pigs at a packing plant can reveal many things about the health of your pig herd. A small, purebred herd gives the greatest number of marketing options from breeding stock to specialty meat animals for markets as diverse as pig roasts to the fast-growing ethnic markets. An excellent way to diversify a modern small farm, give it more environmental integrity and to better manage risk would be to build toward a small, tight herd of three to five sows and a boar of a great heritage breed, such as the Hereford or the Black Poland. Such a herd will not bring imbalance to even the smallest of farms, but will make it possible to fit these modest numbers in and around other livestock and cropping ventures, while giving fuller employment to family members-not to mention the personal satisfaction of helping preserve such historically important creatures.