Intensive pig farming
Intensive pig farming is a subset of pig farming and of Industrial animal agriculture, all of which are types of animal husbandry, in which livestock domestic pigs are raised up to slaughter weight. Indoor pig systems allow the pigs’ conditions to be monitored, ensuring minimum fatalities and increased productivity. Most domestic pig varieties are susceptible to sunburn and heat stress, and all pigs lack sweat glands and cannot cool themselves. Indoor piggeries have allowed pig farming to be undertaken in countries or areas with unsuitable climate or soil for outdoor pig raising. Larger intensive pig farms may be surrounded by farmland where feed-grain crops are grown. The intensive piggery system, where pigs are confined in individual stalls, allows each pig to be allotted a portion of feed. In an indoor intensive pig farm, manure can be managed through a lagoon system or other waste-management system. Outdoor pig farming may also have welfare implications, for example, pigs kept outside may get sunburnt and are more susceptible to heat stress than in indoor systems, where air conditioning or similar can be used. Outdoor pig farming may also increase the incidence of worms and parasites in pigs. Some breeds of pig commonly used in intensive farming have been selectively bred to suit intensive conditions. In certain environmental conditions – for example, a temperate climate – outdoor pig farming of these breeds is possible. Following the UK ban of sow stalls, the British Pig Executive indicates that the pig farming industry in the UK has declined. The 2009 Harmful Algal Bloom event off the coast of Brittany, France was attributed to runoff from an intensive pig farm. King observed conditions inside a New Zealand piggery, and saw a dead female pig inside a gestation crate, lame and crippled pigs and others that could barely stand, pigs either extremely depressed or highly distressed, pigs with scars and injuries, and a lack of clean drinking water and food. US Government regulation Proponent, neutral, and industry-related Criticism of intensive pig farming.
If he is eating and is passing urine at least in a decent dribble and is not obviously in pain, I call the vet and usually we talk about the surrounding health signs and most often put him on Ammonil, a urine acidifier, which dissolves the calculi quickly and in a few days the urine stream is usually strong and the pig back to normal. If these conditions exist and he does not seem sick in any acute manner, we usually start by discussing the pig and his history with the vet and if he agrees, we start treating him for ulcers immediately. Ulcers, untreated, can kill without a visibly sick pig, just a bit shy or not too hungry every day. With an arthritic pig, often the first medication a vet will suggest is for pain relief. NOT SO. Never give any drug without the vets OK. Many common human drugs are unsafe for pigs. Pigs who dont drink plenty of water need additional foods containing it. If a pig has gone a couple days without a bowel movement, but has no other indicators of illness, a fleet enema may help you diagnose the problem. Not the local sanctuary or the man who wrote a book on breeding and selling pigs, nor the lady in Montana who posted a sick pig to the chat list last week…CALL The VET. If he is not available, explain that you have an emergency and ask for a call back. If its urgent load the pig and drive to the vet and wait for him to see you. People constantly say, oh you know way more than my vet about sick pigs. Before moving any of these pigs consult the vet and describe carefully the symptoms and ask how to safely get him in or get medication to him. I cant get the pig to the vet, can’t get the pig to eat, can’t get the pills into the pig Start with I must instead of I can’t and the way to do it will come much faster and the help you need will be easier to find. Pigs are subtle in their communications but a pig who dies without warning is a rarity. Start developing the vet relationship while the pig is young. So if you find a vet who has the willingness to see your pig, appreciate him.
Farm Animal Welfare: Pigs
As babies, they are subjected to painful mutilations without anesthesia or pain relief; notches are taken out of piglets’ ears for identification and their tails are severed to minimize tail biting, a behavior that occurs when pigs are kept in deprived factory farm environments. Pigs live in these pens until they are separated to be raised for breeding or meat. In the U.S. Pork Industry, more than six million pigs are used each year for breeding. During their pregnancies, sows are kept in two-foot wide gestation crates, intended to allow pigs only enough movement necessary to stand up and lie down. These pigs frequently chew on the bars of their crate out of stress and boredom. Free-range systems afford sows access to the outdoors and, optimally, give pigs the freedom and materials to express natural behaviors like nest-building and rooting. Indoor group housing systems house pigs in groups of up to several dozen in communal indoor pens, giving them freedom to move and the opportunity to socialize. Pigs are actually very clean animals; if they are given sufficient space, pigs are careful not to soil the areas where they sleep or eat. Further, the air in pig factory farms is laden with dust, dander, and noxious gases, which are produced as the pigs urine and feces builds up inside the warehouses. In addition to overcrowded housing, pigs also endure extreme crowding during transportation. In 2016, Massachusetts passed a ballot measure that prohibits the inhumane confinement of egg-laying hens, breeding pigs, and veal calves, as well as the sale of products made from animals raised using the production methods. What Can You Do? Did you know? In nature, pigs live in social groups, often sleeping huddled together. Pigs can recognize and remember up to 30 other pigs, and greet each other by making nose-to-nose contact and/or by grooming the other. Female pigs, called sows, use a special grunt to tell their piglets it is time to suckle. Baby pigs, called piglets, use a distress call when separated from their mother.