We Pigs News for 01-31-2018

All Creatures Rescue & Sanctuary Guinea Pig Emergency Guide If you suspect that your guinea pig sick, the best course of action is always to seek veterinary care. Because guinea pigs are prey animals, they have evolved to hide their symptoms as long as possible in order to survive onslaught by carnivores. Labored Breathing – any time your guinea pig’s breathing becomes strained or loud, it is a cause for a vet visit. Your vet may also recommend doing a culture on your guinea pig, in order to pick the best antibiotic for their particular respiratory infection. In order to diagnose your guinea pig, your vet will typically run a urinalysis to look for blood and bacteria, and perform an x‐ray to make sure there are no bladder stones. If the diarrhea is mild, and the stools are only slightly loose, you may withhold vegetables from your guinea pig for a day while keeping a close eye on your guinea pig for other signs of illness. Depending on the severity of the diarrhea, your vet may also want to give IV fluids to rehydrate your guinea pig. In the case of very sick guinea pigs, they will frequently not bother grooming themselves, and so if you see your guinea pig sitting with this fluid in their eyes for a long period of time, make sure to carefully monitor their weight and other vital signs. In the case of eye injury, the vet will frequently do a “Stain” of your guinea pig’s eye with special chemicals in order to see abrasions and/or cuts. Lethargic behavior can vary wildly from guinea pig to guinea pig, so it’s important to be aware of your guinea pig’s habits. Your vet will generally prescribe one of two treatments for mites for your guinea pig – ivermectin or selamectin. If your guinea pig has open sores from mites, your vet may also prescribe an antibiotic to prevent your pig from developing abscesses at the sites of open wounds. If you think your guinea pig has bloat go to the emergency vet immediately. Constipation/Not Pooping – If your guinea pig is not producing stools, seek vet care immediately. Susan’s Guide to Handfeeding Guinea pigs and rabbits share a basic design flaw: a sensitive digestive system that reacts to stress and illness by shutting down, and which, once shut down, will kill the animal unless restarted.

Keywords: [“Pig”,”Guinea”,”vet”]
Source: http://allcreaturesrescue.org/documents/New_Guinea_Pig_Health_Doc.pdf

Occupational Health & Safety: Dogs & Pigs

In the research setting, exposure to dogs and pigs can pose potential health risks to humans, such as infection from dog bites and scratches, allergic responses, and contraction of pathogenic enteric organisms through accidental fecal/oral contact. There are many organisms that may not produce symptoms in dogs and pigs that cause disease in people. RECOMMENDED PREVENTIVE MEASURES. Only trained personnel should handle dogs or pigs. Handling and restraint training can be scheduled through LARC; Gloves, water resistant shoe covers, and long sleeved apparel should be worn at all times when working with dogs and pigs; Wash hands after handling animals; When seeking medical advice for any illness, inform your physician that you work with dogs and/or pigs. Dust masks should be worn at all times when working with dogs and pigs; whenever there is a risk of aerosol transmission of a zoonotic agent, approved respirator masks respirators should be worn instead of dust masks. RESPONSE TO INJURY. Dogs may inflict serious bite and scratch wounds. Prompt first-aid is particularly important due to the penetrating nature of bites inflicted by dogs. INFECTIOUS DISEASES. Rabies: Rabies virus can infect almost any mammal; however it is very rare in the research environment because dogs are purchased from high quality sources with excellent vaccination and disease control programs. Dogs shed virus in their saliva 1-14 days before developing clinical signs. Brucellosis: The bacterial organism, Brucella canis, is found in dogs; B. suis, is the species found in swine. Pasteurella multocida: Has been associated with bites and scratches sustained from infected dogs. Reservoir/source of infection: Many mammals, including dogs and pigs; Transmission: Fecal/oral; Disease in people: Self-limiting diarrhea except in immune compromised people where it can be quite severe. That are frequently associated with diarrhea in dogs and pigs and may also cause disease in people. Are bacteria found in many animals but are most commonly associated with livestock and dogs. ALLERGIES. Individuals who have been previously sensitized to dogs outside of the work place may be at greater risk of developing allergies to dogs.

Keywords: [“dog”,”people”,”disease”]
Source: http://www.iacuc.ucsf.edu/Safe/awOhsDogPig.asp

Codes of Recommendations for the Welfare of Livestock

Animals not kept in buildings shall, where necessary and possible, be given protection from adverse weather conditions, predators and risks to their health and shall, at all times, have access to a well-drained lying area. 110 Stock selected for outdoor production must be suitable for outdoor conditions. 111 Your herd health and welfare plan should include a strategy for dealing with emergency situations such as, water provision in freezing conditions and feed provision to the site and to the paddocks in snow or severe wet weather. Incoming replacement stock may also need to be acclimatised to outdoor conditions as they will often have been bred in indoor conditions. Further detailed guidance on biosecurity can be found in Codes of Recommendations for the Welfare of Livestock: Animal Health and Biosecurity. 115 You should properly maintain arks and huts, especially to ensure that damage through handling does not produce sharp edges that may injure the animals. 116 Adequate shelter must be provided to protect the animals from extreme weather conditions. Arks should be well fixed to the ground, particularly in cold windy conditions and should be sited so that the doorways can be adjusted to allow for changing weather circumstances. Wet conditions create greater welfare problems than the cold, as moisture is easily carried into the arks on feet and bodies, causing chilling in small piglets, and provides the ideal environment for micro-organisms to flourish. 117 Adequate shelter must also be provided to protect the animals from the sun in summer. 119 You should carefully monitor the body condition of pigs during extremes of weather and adjust feed provision if necessary. 121 Electric fencing should be designed, constructed, used and maintained properly, so that when the animals touch them they only feel slight discomfort. 122 New breeding animals are unlikely to have been trained to electric fencing. You should have a training paddock with secure fencing, such as pig netting, outside the electric fencing to help the animals see the fencing and to ensure that they cannot escape from the unit. 124 In hot conditions, lactating sows may leave the ark to seek more comfortable conditions outside, effectively abandoning her litter.

Keywords: [“condition”,”Animal”,”pig”]
Source: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2009/06/18113929/12

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