You have an important role to play in protecting your property and the entire pork industry from biosecurity threats. On this page, you will find the tools to implement the simple, everyday biosecurity practices to protect the health of your livestock, limit production losses and help maintain market access for Australia’s pig farmers. The National Farm Biosecurity Manual for Pork Production identifies areas of risk to pig producers and appropriate measures to minimise the risks. It establishes a minimum set of biosecurity guidelines applicable to all pork producers. Biosecurity toolkitAs a pig farmer, the number one way to protect yourself from biosecurity risks is to keep diseases, pests and weeds out of your piggery business. Australian Pork Limited has developed a number of tools and resources to help you keep your pigs healthy and protect the entire industry from disease risks. PigPass National Vendor Declaration scheme PigPass is one part of the industry’s comprehensive traceability system. It is the pork industry’s National Vendor Declaration scheme, which ensures that movements of pigs are documented, and in the event of a problem, are traceable. If you need to move pigs off your property then you will need a PigPass NVD. This NVD records the number of pigs moved, the Property Identification Codes of the properties involved, the tattoo number of the pigs and other important information. What is the PigPass system? Do I have to tattoo or tag my pigs Get a PigPass Swill feeding Feeding ‘swill’ to pigs is illegal in all states and territories of Australia. Feeding swill to pigs is the most likely way that Australian livestock may be exposed to an exotic disease agent like foot and mouth disease. Swill includes meat or meat products, or anything that has been in contact with meat or meat products. Swill may include food scraps, bakery waste and waste from restaurants. APIQ✓® provides the framework and standards by which Australian pig producers can demonstrate they are responsible farmers who care for their animals, the environment and their customers by following safe and sustainable practices. Biosecurity is one of the five major components of the APIQ✓® program, helping you manage health risks to your pigs, to other pigs and people.
GMOs Cause Health Problems in Pigs
A recently published, cross-continental study of pigs and genetically modified crops shows that pigs were harmed by the consumption of feed containing genetically modified ingredients. According to the study, GM-fed female pigs had on average a 25-percent heavier uterus than non-GM-fed female pigs, a possible indicator of disease that requires further investigation. The level of severe inflammation in stomachs was markedly higher in pigs fed on the GM diet. The 168 newly-weaned pigs studied were housed in a commercial piggery and fed either a typical diet incorporating GM soy and corn or an equivalent non-GM diet. The pigs were reared under identical housing and feeding conditions and were slaughtered at the typical age of 5 months, after eating the diets for their entire commercial lifespan. Qualified veterinarians, who were not informed which pigs were fed on the GM diet, then autopsied the pigs. The pigs were kept in real on-farm conditions, not in a laboratory. “Pigs with these health problems end up in our food supply. We eat them,” Carman says. ” , pigs have a similar digestive system to people, so we need to investigate if people are also getting digestive problems from eating GM crops. ” All pigs were fed a commonly used feed, with the same ratio of soy and corn. The GM diet contained three GM genes and the GM proteins they produce. The new study lends scientific credibility to anecdotal evidence from farmers and veterinarians, who have for some years reported reproductive and digestive problems in pigs fed a diet containing GM soy and corn. “Our results provide clear evidence that regulators need to safety-assess GM crops containing mixtures of GM genes, regardless of whether those genes occur in the one GM plant or in a mixture of GM plants eaten in the same meal, even if regulators have already assessed GM plants containing single GM genes in the mixture,” Carman says. Iowa-based farmer and crop and livestock advisor Howard Vlieger, one of the study’s coordinators, notes that he’s seen increasing digestive and reproductive problems in his livestock since GM crops entered the food supply. “In my experience, farmers have found increased production costs and escalating antibiotic use when feeding GM crops,” Vlieger says.
Rectal Prolapse in Pigs
On Raising a Pig For Meat Jeff asked about rectal prolapse a.k.a. anal prolapse a.k.a. prolapse a.k.a. pigs who turn inside out:Hey Walter, I just had to send 2nd of 5 landrace gilts to the butcher with a prolapsed rectum. My observation is that prolapse is strongly genetic. When the the genes are aligned the pig is more sensitive to prolapse because their internal connective tissues are weaker. Then stresses such as diarrhea, constipation, coughing and squashing can all trigger the prolapse. If only some of your pigs have it then some of your pigs may not have it and with a few generations of hard selection you may be able to move away from it with the genetics you have or with new genetics. To get them to the point of slaughter isolate the pig from others as they’ll bite at the protruding bloody rectal tissue and can turn the victim inside out. You can try inserting the prolapse back in if it is small and then using a tennis ball or such and taping the pig to push it back. To prevent prolapse make sure the pigs have plenty of water, avoid sudden diet changes, give them lots of dry hay, wind protection and avoid crowding. If you have a lot of pigs, try breaking groups up into smaller collections like they would naturally sleep in the warm months. Sorting by size can also be key in the winter for susceptible pigs – Smaller pigs crowded between bigger pigs are more likely to have the problem than same size pigs. If they produce PP offspring who prolapse then you cull those breeders with the goal of eventually ending up with NN breeders who don’t carry the prolapse genes. In addition to anal prolapse there is vaginal prolapse which can be triggered by difficult deliveries, rough mating and other factors. One difference might be that in the warm weather our pigs are spread out whereas the confinement pigs are always crowded. If they were kept indoors in a heated space then it doesn’t tell you if they’re going to prolapse in when they huddle in the winter which is what it sounds like you’re getting. Googling about I find that there is evidence of genetics behind prolapse in humans, swine[1, 2, 3], horses, cattle, sheep, goats, guinea pigs and cats.