We Pigs News for 07-16-2018

Pig to human transplants

The five cloned piglets – Noel, Angel, Star, Joy and Mary – have been genetically modified so humans will not reject their internal organs. This opens up the possibility of pig to human transplants, which may save the lives of many seriously ill people. A 75kg pig has the same-sized heart as a 75kg human, with the same pumping capacity. In theory it should be possible to farm pigs for their organs, much as we now farm them for bacon. Many human to human transplants are only possible with powerful drugs that suppress the immune system and prevent it from treating the new organ or tissue as a huge infection and rejecting it. 

Doctors try to match donors to recipients to keep rejection to a minimum, but the problems are greater with pigs. If an unmodified pig heart were given to a human, the reaction would be so violent that the heart would turn black in 15 minutes and be virtually destroyed in 30. It will take until at least 2005 to figure out how to deal with adverse immune reactions and conduct trials with primates before human clinical trials can begin. There will also be a need to ensure that pig diseases do not cross to humans, and to establish whether a heart that will serve a pig for its 30-year life span will last longer in humans. Efforts are being made to increase the donation of human organs – the supply is still not high enough, though some argue that pig to human transplants would be unnecessary if the taking of healthy organs from the dead was mandatory. 

There may be a degree of revulsion at killing an animal to save a human, but some could feel happier carrying the organ of a dead pig than a dead human. Pigs are already bred and killed for food, but some vegetarians and vegans might feel uneasy about making such use of an animal. 

Keywords: [“human”,”pig”,”organ”]
Source: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2002/jan/03/qanda.simonjeffery

The New Zealand Kunekune Association – Dedicated to the preservation of Kunekune pigs in New Zealand and beyond

The name Kunekune means ‘fat and round’ in Maori, a rather apt description for this unusual looking pig. The Kunekune is smaller that other breeds of pigs in New Zealand, although a very overweight Kunekune can still be a somewhat large pig. The characteristic Kunekune shape is a short-legged, short-snouted pig with a high fat depth giving very rounded body contours. A Kunekune pig in ‘show’ condition looks very different in body shape to the equivalent commercial pig, and the shortened nose and head give the Kunekune an almost comical appearance. Not all Kunekunes have tassels, as although it is a dominant gene the population contains a proportion of pigs without tassels. 

Occasionally piglets may be born with only one tassel, or sometimes they are not well attached and can be lost through injury. Breeders usually prefer to use only tasselled pigs for breeding, as breeding non-tasselled pigs increases the percentage of offspring without tassels. When a tasselled Kunekune is crossed with another breed, the offspring will be tasselled – so not all pigs with tassels are pure Kunekune. The coat colour and texture of the Kunekune can vary considerably. The coat texture can range from short silky hair giving a sleek appearance, to long coarse curls that give a more unkempt look. 

The typical Kunekune nature is of a sociable placid pig that likes close human contact. Although boars can be aggressive to each other or if a sow is in season, Kunekunes are usually very trustworthy, easy to handle, and safe to have children around. 

Keywords: [“Kunekune”,”pig”,”tassel”]
Source: http://kunekune.co.nz

Decoding Nipah Virus

The virus is part of the family Paramyxoviridae and was first identified in 1999. Off late, around the beginning of 2018, there have been cases of the Nipah virus happening several times in India as well. Nipah virus is transferred to humans after direct contact with infected bats, pigs, and other NiV-affected individuals. Person-to-person transmission of the virus occurred in India and Bangladesh and had often been occurring ever since. It occurs commonly in the family as well as caregivers of those affected by the virus. 

Nipah virus infection is directly associated with the encephalitis, which is the inflammation of the brain. A general health checkup can help in identifying the presence of the virus in a person’s system. A general health checkup might not bring up the signs, but other tests that can determine whether the Nipah virus is in the body include real-time polymerase chain reactions from both nasal and throat swabs, urine, cerebrospinal fluid and blood tests undertaken in the early stages of the disease. If the case is fatal, immunohistochemistry done on tissues collected during the autopsy period is another way to confirm the presence of the virus. A preventive health care checkup could help identify the virus in the early stages of its presence. 

The virus can be prevented by ensuring there is no exposure to sick pigs as well as bats in some of the endemic areas. There is still a lot of research that needs to be done to understand bat ecology as well as the Nipah virus. 

Keywords: [“virus”,”well”,”disease”]
Source: http://healthi-blog.azurewebsites.net/decoding-nipah-virus

We Pigs News for 04-02-2018

Pigs Could Soon Be Considered as an Organ Donors for Humans

Depending on your state’s license design, either on the front or the back there should be some symbol or phrase denoting you as an organ donor. About 45 percent of all Americans fall into this special group, according to the Atlantic. There might need to be an addendum to those requirements, as new research has opened up the possibility of pigs becoming organ donors in the not-so-distant future. The retrovirus issue is only one part of the challenges which face pig-to-human transplants. Although organs of pigs-one of these 8 smartest animals in the world-are appropriately sized for humans and seem to be able to function as needed, they are coated with a layer of carbohydrates which cause other organisms to reject said tissue. Steps have been made to address that problem, also through gene editing. Pig organs without carbohydrates were created in cloned pigs and then transplanted into monkeys and baboons successfully. A year later, those monkeys and baboons are still healthy. According to the New York Times, 33,600 organ transplants were conducted last year, and 21 people die each day while waiting for an organ. If research like this continues to find success, this issue will become a non-issue soon enough.

Keywords: [“organ”,”transplant”,”Pig”]
Source: https://www.rd.com/health/conditions/pig-organ-donor

Essendon Vet Clinic

Guinea Pigs make fantastic pets for those people limited by space, and those that love an affectionate and social companion. Regular health check-ups are the cornerstone of a preventative health program for your Guinea Pig. A regular visit to the vet will help detect illness early and you can find out about the latest options in Guinea Pig medicine. Parasite control Parasites can be a problem in many pets but generally Guinea Pigs are lucky when it comes to creepy crawlies. Guinea pigs have teeth that continually grow hence overgrown incisors and molars can occur. Guinea Pigs can start breeding at 6-8 weeks of age and may be desexed at 5-6mths of age. A female guinea pig should have her first litter before 6 months of age. Guinea Pigs have continuously growing nails that need to be trimmed regularly. There are a variety of hutches and cages available to house Guinea Pigs. Generally Guinea Pigs should be kept indoors as warmer weather can cause heat stroke. Indoor cages should allow at least 0.5 square metres of floor space per guinea pig. Staff at Littlefriend’s Farm in Pontypridd, South Wales, have now secured Sooty’s pen – and begun looking for new homes for his guinea pigs.

Keywords: [“Guinea”,”Pig”,”cage”]
Source: http://essendonvet.com.au/pet-library/guinea-pig-care

Himalayan Guinea Pig Information, and Hd pictures, Photos all details

The Himalayan guinea pig is not from the himalayan region of Asia. The himalayan guinea pig is Originating from South America. Much like other breeds of guinea pigs, the himalayan guinea pig was brought to Europe hundreds of years ago. Distribution and habitat Himalayan guinea Pig characteristics. Lifecycle of Himalayan guinea Pig Himalayan guinea Pig Facts The himalayan guinea pig is Originating from South America. The himalayan guinea pig makes a good pet for children and first-time guinea pig owners. Himalayan Guineas typically get along well with other guinea pigs, but there is always some risk that they will become territorial. A himalayan Guinea pig makes for a great, low maintenance pet- provided you are able to provide it with a sheltered and shady home. Your Himalayan Guinea Pig will thrive on a varied diet of pellets, timothy hay, and fresh fruits and vegetables. In general, the himalayan guinea pigs are healthy animals. Respiratory infections is that the most typical guinea pig health concern, most breeds of guinea pigs are susceptible to respiratory disease and different respiratory infections. Himalayan guinea Pig for sale Himalayan guinea Pig Price.

Keywords: [“guinea”,”pig”,”Himalayan”]
Source: http://www.petworlds.net/himalayan-guinea-pig

Pigs’ Ears Not Recommended for Dogs

Pigs’ ears have a high fat content and can lead to obesity. Because they are high in fat, they can irritate the pancreas, causing pancreatitis in susceptible dogs. This results in vomiting, lethargy, abdominal pain and diarrhea. Pig’s ear treats can also be a source of Salmonella bacteria. The federal government recently issued a warning that pig’s ear dog treats from a number of manufacturers were contaminated with Salmonella bacteria, which can cause diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and other serious long-term complications. Some pets that become infected may not show clinical signs. These products can also be a risk to humans, according to the Health Canada warning. Transmission of the bacteria to humans can be via direct handling of contaminated product or handling of pets who may have become infected. For this reason, owners are advised to wash their hands thoroughly with warm water and soap after handling pig’s ear treats. Consult your veterinarian about these products or avoid them altogether. It is not intended as a substitute for professional care. Always consult with your Veterinarian about health related matters.

Keywords: [“Pigs”,”ear”,”treats”]
Source: http://www.canadasguidetodogs.com/health/nutritionarticle12.htm

World Mental Health Day – and guinea pigs – intothisbreakinglight

It covered everything from gaining a basic insight into various mental health diagnoses, to how to be there for someone who is suffering distress or overwhelming emotions, to how to build psychological wellbeing and recognise the impact of both day to day and unusual events. Today we marked World Mental Health Day at the community centre I go to for volunteering, creative groups and support. Visitors were encouraged to the centre, we had tea and cakes, discussion and some interesting videos made through the Time to Change campaign. I also received a gift from a friend – a lovely book on guinea pigs and a piggie snack for my hopefully-future-guinea-piggies! I don’t know the lady who gave it to me very well and I was touched that she’d be so kind to me. It’s an RSPCA guide and it has some sweet photos as well as lots of information on how to make them a good living environment. I’ve been reading up on piggies and I’m hoping to be able to get some, possibly by Christmas. Not only was it a thoughtful gift, it has encouraged me to have confidence to go through with this and that my friend thinks I’d be able to look after them.

Keywords: [“health”,”able”,”well”]
Source: https://intothisbreakinglight.wordpress.com/2016/10/10/world…

We Pigs News for 01-28-2018

Water Quality and Pig Performance

The quality of surface and groundwater for all livestock is affected by the water cycle and by the nature of the aquifer supplying the water. The Water Cycle describes the events by which water is circulated between atmosphere, land and oceans. Some water from the water table will eventually filter back into oceans, streams and rivers. Surface Water quality is affected by materials in run-off from rain and from materials in the water table. Groundwater quality depends on the type of aquifer supplying the well with water; thus water from aquifers in limestone bedrock will likely contain high levels of calcium and magnesium. Bacterial analysis of water is done by inoculating nutrient plates with water samples and incubating the plates for a period of time. The number of fecal coliform counts in water which will affect pig performance is unknown; however, since fecal coliform bacteria indicate a pollution problem, all contaminated drinking water should be disinfected and the source of the pollution stopped. You can have your water tested free of charge only if your water may contain organisms which could be a threat to human or animal health: the Health Unit will not do routine bacterial testing. The amount of materials in water which can be consumed by pigs without harm depends on: the amount of the same materials in feeds; the pigs’ daily water requirement; the length of time the pigs are given the water; the pig’s age and condition and the presence of interactive materials in both feeds and water. Surface water often contains less than 300 mg/l of TDS. Some Ontario groundwater and industrial waters contain high levels of TDS. TDS should not exceed 3000 mg/l according to Canadian guidelines. The resulting reduction in water volume supplied to the pig can decrease performance. Greater concentrations may be tolerated depending on pig age, presence of other stresses, and the type of sulfate salt in the water. Pig performance may be affected by high-sulfate waters. The recommended maximum nitrate and nitrite levels of water are conservative since several studies have shown that pigs can tolerate 1320 mg/l nitrates and 165 mg/l nitrites without loss of health, growth rate or reproductive performance. If the water quality problem is known to be a natural characteristic of the aquifer, the producer may be referred to a private lab or treatment consultant.

Keywords: [“water”,”pig”,”well”]
Source: http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/livestock/swine/facts/91-071.htm

How to Manage Difficult Farrowings

How to …. manage difficult farrowings. Difficult farrowings are not very common in present swine production systems. The sow will need help in less than 1% of all farrowings. Sows about to farrow should be observed approximately every 30 to 60 minutes. Move sows to farrowing quarters from 1 to 5 days prior to the expected farrowing date. The first pig is born About half of the pigs are presented head first and about half are presented tail first. The sow may exhibit mild straining More pigs are born approximately 15 minutes apart The total time for the delivery of the entire litter varies with litter size but the process usally takes less than 2.5 hours. The placenta, membranes surrounding the fetus, is usually delivered 2-4 hours after the last pig; however portions of the placenta may be delivered during the farrowing period You should not observe large volumes of discharge. Gestation exceeding 116 days Off feed Blood tinged fluid and meconium are discharged without signs of straining Straining without delivery of pigs The time between the birth of pigs exceeds one hour, and the sow still has a full abdomen Foul smelling, brown /gray discharge Reddening of the sow’s eyes Exhaustion after prolonged labor Sow distress: rapid breathing, weakness, inability to rise. Familiarize yourself with the basic anatomy of the reproductive tract Thoroughly clean the sow’s rectal and vaginal area The manager’s fingernails should be cut short The manager’s arm should be washed with soap and water, gloved, and lubricated The hand should be cupped in the shape of a cone, the lips of the vulva are parted, and the hand gently inserted into the birth canal If the sow is not ready to farrow the forward part of the canal will be closed The bony pelvis can be felt below and at the side of the hand The hand can be moved forward through the pelvis and into the uterus which slopes downward and divides into 2 sides. The birth canal should be examined for evidence of damage The causes of delayed farrowing should be determined and corrected if possible. Manual intervention: be certain that the sow is dilated and nothing is blocking the birth canal. Deliver any pigs within reach- grasp the pig by the snout or use a snare. Manual intervention: Grasp head, lower jaw, or feet to deliver one pig at a time. Remove pigs until sow is quiet and finished farrowing.

Keywords: [“farrow”,”sow”,”pig”]
Source: https://www.extension.purdue.edu/pork/health/farr.html

Effect of dietary inclusion of zeolite on performance and carcass quality of grower-finisher pigs

Effect of dietary inclusion of zeolite on performance and carcass quality of grower-finisher pigs H F Defang and A A Nikishov* Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal Production – University of Dschang P.O. Box 222, Dcshang – Cameroon* Russian Peoples’ Friendship University. Some researchers have observed no response on growth or an adverse effect when using zeolite as feed additive. T0 – control diet without zeolite, T1, T2, T3 – experimental diets with 3, 4 and 5% zeolite respectively. Zeolite supplementation had some beneficial effect on the studied parameters. The exact functions of the zeolite in dietary phenomena have not been well understood and await serious biological and chemical investigation. According to the increase in body weight and improved FCR in zeolite fed animals is due to the ability of zeolite to bound free ammonia in the gastro-intestinal track of the animal, thereby preventing its build-up to toxic level in the system. The discrepancies in carcass quality and growth performance could be related to zeolite purity, geographical source, particle size, supplementation levels used in the diets, health status and range of the treated animals. Further, the dietary and environmental conditions under which zeolite is administered to the animals are factors which can contribute to variation in observed result as explained by Mumpton and Fishman, Pond and Yen and Pond et al. Pigs supplemented 3, 4 and 5% zeolite diet had less but comparable lean and abdominal fat compared to the control. Zeolite supplementation had a lower effect on fat buildup in the body of growing pigs. From the feed trial investigated, it can be concluded that supplementing standard grower-finisher pig diets with Russian zeolite at the 4% inclusion level shows some potential for improving nutrient utilization in swine with significant carcass yield thus making zeolite a suitable feed additive for nutrient reduction. The effect of different levels of zeolite on the performance of growing pigs: in Occurrence, propertied and utilixation of natural zeolites. Effect of synthetic zeolite and natural zeolite on laying hens. Pearson G, Smith W C and Fox J M 1985 Influence of dietary zeolite on pig performance over the liveweight range 25-87 kg. Effect of dietary inclusion of zeolite on performance and protein metabolism of young pigs.

Keywords: [“zeolite”,”pig”,”feed”]
Source: http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd21/6/defa21090.htm