We Pigs News for 09-29-2018

Guinea Pig Toy Collection *2014*

Guinea Pig Model for Evaluating the Potential Public Health Risk of Swine and Avian Influenza Viruses

We investigated the guinea pig as a mammalian model for the study of the replication and transmission characteristics of selected swine H1N1, H1N2, H3N2 and avian H9N2 influenza viruses, compared to those of pandemic 2009 and seasonal human H1N1, H3N2 influenza viruses. None of the swine and avian influenza viruses showed transmissibility among guinea pigs; in contrast, pandemic 2009 virus transmitted from infected guinea pigs to all animals and seasonal human influenza viruses could also horizontally transmit in guinea pigs. We propose that the guinea pig could serve as a useful mammalian model to evaluate the potential public health threat of swine and avian influenza viruses. Animal influenza viruses have repeatedly transmitted to humans with increasing genetic diversity, such as avian H5N1 and H9N2 influenza viruses, and swine H1N1, H1N2, H3N2 influenza viruses , , which served as an important reminder that another influenza pandemic is highly likely. Among these swine and avian influenza viruses, in addition to highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza viruses, many low pathogenic viruses are also high on the list of candidates that could potentially cause the next human pandemic. 

Thus far, influenza studies using the guinea pig model have been performed with 1918 pandemic , 2009 pandemic H1N1 , seasonal human H1N1 and H3N2 , , and avian H5N1 influenza viruses , , , but little is known about other swine and avian influenza virus infections, particularly those isolated in recent years. To evaluate the applicability of the guinea pig model for swine and avian influenza viruses, we describe the infectivity and transmissibility in guinea pigs of the subtypes of viruses that repeatedly transmit to humans compared with 2009 pandemic and human seasonal influenza viruses. In the present study, we investigated the guinea pig as a mammalian model for the study of the replication and transmission characteristics of selected swine H1N1, H1N2, H3N2 and avian H9N2 influenza viruses. Our results showed that all the tested swine and avian influenza viruses replicated effectively in guinea pig nasal tracts without prior adaptation and the replication of these viruses was restricted to the respiratory system. The replication characteristics of swine and avian influenza viruses were similar to those of pandemic 2009 and seasonal human H1N1, H3N2 influenza viruses in addition to those of other influenza viruses reported by previous studies , ,. 

These studies show the utility of the guinea pig model for not only the evaluation of the transmissibility of pandemic influenza strains, human seasonal viruses and H5N1 influenza viruses, but could also be used for low pathogenic swine and avian influenza viruses to help recognize the strains that possess potential human-to-human transmission ability. In summary, we found the high susceptibility of guinea pigs to swine and avian influenza viruses, the correlation of transmissibility of these animal influenza viruses in guinea pigs with those in humans and the similar receptor distribution in the respiratory system of guinea pigs to those of humans. 

Keywords: [“influenza”,”viruses”,”pig”]
Source: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0015537

RSPCA Victoria

Long-haired guinea pigs can be especially hard to look after. BehaviourIn the wild, guinea pigs live in large social groups. Two adult guinea pigs that don’t know each other may fight. We do not recommend that guinea pigs and rabbits be housed together. BreedingThe RSPCA strongly advises that you do not breed from your guinea pigs as it is very difficult to find good homes for the young. 

HealthGuinea pigs should be checked regularly for overgrown claws and teeth. Long haired guinea pigs in particular may suffer from the potentially fatal disease flystrike, cause by flies laying eggs in soiled fur. To avoid this, make sure the guinea pig’s home is cleaned every day and their bedding changed regularly. Groom guinea pigs every day, checking their fur all over for any dirt, especially under the tail. If a guinea pig develops bald patches this could be the fungal disease ringworm. 

FoodGuinea pigs can suffer from vitamin C deficiency, which causes weight loss, general weakness and swollen joints. Like people, guinea pigs cannot make Vitamin C and need to eat fresh greens every day. 

Keywords: [“pig”,”guinea”,”home”]
Source: https://www.rspcavic.org/health-and-behaviour/guinea-pigs

Health food for guinea pigs

This means that, next to the appropriate care and accommodation, you pay attention to a good diet. Guinea pigs may develop obesity or bladder, gastrointestinal, kidney and/or dental problems. Nutrition plays a major role in the prevention thereof. Fibres are very important for the proper functioning of the gastrointestinal tract of the guinea pig. In order to provide guinea pigs with sufficient dietary fibre, it is essential to provide unlimited daily access to fresh hay. 

In addition to fibres from hay, guinea pigs also require various other nutrients. TROVET kibbles contain important nutrients, such as vitamins and minerals with the optimal proportion of nutrients your guinea pig requires. TROVET Guinea Pig is quality food that helps to keep your pet healthy and vital. 

Keywords: [“pig”,”guinea”,”nutrients”]
Source: http://www.trovet.nl/en/healthfoodforguineapigs/

Guinea Pig Cages, Care, Photos, News, Forum and Blogs

‘); var sidebar align = ‘right’; var content container margin = parseInt(‘290px’); var sidebar width = parseInt(‘270px’); //->. Total members that have visited the forum in the last 24 hours: 54. The most members online in one day was 295, 02-26-13. 

Keywords: [“var”,”sidebar”,”members”]
Source: https://www.guineapigcages.com/forum/forum.php

We Pigs News for 08-12-2018

What Is Nipah Virus? World Health Organization Ranks It Alongside the Ebola & Zika Virus

Often, such viral agents have only been recently discovered and emerged as an outbreak in a particular region of the world. This is the case for the Nipah virus, which has claimed the lives of at least nine people in India this year. Nipah virus was first discovered in Malaysia in the late 1990s when an outbreak of the virus struck approximately 265 people. The impact of these actions was moderate as it was determined that NiV could not only transmit from pigs to humans, but also that person-to-person transmission was possible. Despite the absence of any medical treatments for the disease, people can survive infection with NiV, though they are often left with neurological disorders marked by aberrations in personality and recurrent seizures. 

The number of cases had advanced to 18 of which 16 of the patients had died due to NiV. The two remaining NiV-infected individuals were responding well to treatment with Ribavirin, a potent anti-viral drug. In that instance, the lethality of the virus was less than what was anticipated. In light of the recent NiV outbreak, a virus that the WHO ranks in its top priorities alongside Ebola virus and Zika virus, a global health consortium called the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations awarded 25 million dollars to biotech companies. In the United States that have been leading the charge to develop a NiV vaccine. 

There are at least two different experimental NiV vaccines that have shown protective results when tested in animal models. One vaccine candidate involves a recombinant vesicular stomatitis virus decorated with the immunogenic glycoprotein of NiV. VSV is a well-studied virus that has been attenuated in the laboratory setting and has been investigated for its capacity to be genetically altered to have its surface coated with immune system stimulating molecules from a variety of different viruses. The VSV-NiV vaccine offered protection from NiV infection. 

Keywords: [“NiV”,”virus”,”outbreak”]
Source: https://secondnexus.com/science/health/nipah-virus-niv-india-outbreak

Researchers Boar into the Ecology and Health of Wild Pigs

The Eurasian wild boar is native to Europe and Asia; however their range has vastly expanded across the world through human translocation. Wild boars cause significant widespread damage to native ecosystems and to crops through their rooting and digging. Introduced to Canada from Europe in the late 1980s through the 1990s, wild boar were to be raised as meat for national and international consumption. Cross-breeding of wild boar with domestic swine was encouraged in order to increase animal size, and to produce much larger litters. Escaped or released animals from many farms across Canada established free-ranging populations that began to reproduce in the wild. 

These cross-bred wild animals, generally called ‘wild pigs’ have since established populations in British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec. The ‘Canadian Wild Pig Project’ led by Dr. Ryan Brook has been working to understand the ecology of wild pigs in Canada for five years. Over the past three years, Dr. Brook and his collaborators have been studying the movements, home ranges, habitat selection, and interactions with domestic hog farms of wild pigs in Saskatchewan by tracking individuals using GPS collars. 

Ruth Kost, a Ph.D. student on the project has been collecting observations of wild pigs across Canada to develop the first baseline map of their distribution in Canada. Wild pigs are also being tested for disease in collaboration with Dr. Trent Bollinger and Marnie Zimmer of the Canadian Wildlife Health Cooperative. Dr. 

Bollinger, Marnie, and a 4th year veterinary student will be heading to Melfort and Moose Mountain area to assist with a wild pig cull. Click this link for the supplemental CWHC info sheet on wild pigs: The Wild Boar(Photos provided by Dr. Ryan Brook). 

Keywords: [“wild”,”Pig”,”Dr.”]
Source: http://blog.healthywildlife.ca/researchers-boar-ecology-health-wild-pigs

Avian Flu Diary: CDC Infographic On The Spread Of Flu Between Pigs And People

While we await further word on the subtype and number of cases in two suspected transmission events linked to recent county fairs, the CDC has released a new 2-page PDF infographic on how swine variant viruses are transmitted to humans. Transmission of flu viruses between pigs and people is a two way street. People can, and often do, infect pigs with human seasonal virus, and this has led to reassortments of human and swine flu viruses, resulting in the creation of new variants. While most people who contract swine variant influenza will experience only mild to moderate illness, and these viruses haven’t developed the ability to spread in an efficient and sustained manner in the community, the CDC takes these outbreaks very seriously. All influenza viruses have the capacity to change and it’s possible that variant viruses may change such that they infect people easily and spread easily from person-to-person. 

CDC Recommendations For People At High Risk:If you are at high risk of serious flu complications and are going to a fair where pigs will be present, avoid pigs and swine barns at the fair. This includes children younger than 5 years, people 65 years and older, pregnant women, and people with certain long-term health conditions. If you are not at high risk, take these precautions:Don’t take food or drink into pig areas; don’t eat, drink or put anything in your mouth in pig areas. Don’t take toys, pacifiers, cups, baby bottles, strollers, or similar items into pig areas. Wash your hands often with soap and running water before and after exposure to pigs. 

Take protective measures if you must come in contact with pigs that are known or suspected to be sick. To further reduce the risk of infection, minimize contact with pigs in the pig barn and arenas. 

Keywords: [“pig”,”viruses”,”people”]
Source: http://afludiary.blogspot.com/2018/08/cdc-infographic-on-spread-of-flu.html

We Pigs News for 08-11-2018

ADD / ADHD Message Board

I’m only 24 yrs old, and my life has spiraled out of control in many ways, but the journey back to health and balance begun a long time ago, once I realized it’s a personal journey for everyone, but the key to healing from this is recognizing you are not your condition nor are you the label the medical community or people at large give you. Once you begin to see your ADHD symptoms as perfectly normal your attitude will slowly change, and you will accept that with this kind of brain chemistry comes immense gifts along with the struggles. Treatment- from a purely scientific standpoint- ADHD symptoms such as being easily distracted, erratic sleeping patterns, unpredictable mood among many others are nothing more than imbalances within your mind/body as a whole. Every thing needs to be addressed , because all it takes is one imbalance within your system to throw everything out of whack because everything else has to overcompensate. I also know a few people who have benefitted immensely from cutting out stimulants like caffeine( bad news for those of us with ADHD), sugar, gluten, too much alcohol etc. 

Have begun taking probiotics which help regulate the digestive tract and in the process help regulate mood/ thoughts and emotions- the reason behind this is not supernatural, science has now proven that an enormous amount of our mood directly stems from our digestive tracts which can be responsible for up to 90% of serotonin in our brains! It sounds bizarre but it is very true. This is why people who exercise and eat healthy are generally happier people. Educate yourself on ADHD and it’s masks- take everything with a grain of salt, and realize most people including pharmaceutical companies have a motive- $, sometimes you have to think outside of the box and become your own doctor to fully regulate your life again. Exercise!- Any chance you get exercise- this releases mass amounts of endorphins/dopamine etc. 

Feel good chemicals in the brain that help regulate thinking, create a more calm/peaceful approach to life- I could go on forever here of the benefits. The key is those of us with ADHD have mass amounts of energy( though this can fluctuate) we need an outlet for this – exercise is paramount. Clean up your diet- sugar/caffeine/ unnatural artificial stimulatants wreck havoc on our brains- create tensions, jitters, insomnia, digestive issues and many more- I know this one is challenging, but trust me if you were to really cut out these offenders, and transition to a more natural organic diet- you will be shocked out how everything else seems to fall in place. 

Keywords: [“ADHD”,”everything”,”regulate”]
Source: https://www.healthboards.com/boards/add-adhd/910904-guinea-pig.html

NIH researchers discover highly infectious vehicle for virus transmission among humans

Previously, it was believed that these viruses only spread through individual virus particles. The discovery of these clusters, the scientists say, marks a turning point in the understanding of how these viruses spread and why they are so infectious. The researchers studied norovirus and rotavirus-hard-to-treat viruses that are the most common cause of stomach illness, or gastroenteritis, and that afflicts millions of people each year. The viruses cause symptoms ranging from diarrhea to abdominal pain and can sometimes result in death, particularly among young children and the elderly. The study was supported in part by the Intramural Research programs of the NHLBI and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, both part of the National Institutes of Health. 

Until a few years ago, most scientists believed that viruses, particularly those responsible for stomach illnesses, could only behave as independent infectious agents. The scientists compared this new model of viral transmission to a Trojan horse: A group of membrane-bound viruses arrives at a host cell and deposits viruses in the cell while dodging detection by the immune system. The researchers obtained fecal samples of humans and animals and found that the viruses are shed in the stool as virus clusters inside membrane-bound packets. The researchers determined that the high level of infectiousness was likely due to the vesicles delivering many viruses at once to the target tissues; protecting their viral cargo from being destroyed by prolonged exposure to enzymes; and possibly by making their viral cargo invisible to the antibodies that are in the stool or gut of the host. Handwashing with soap and water helps prevent the spread of viruses. 

Part of the National Institutes of Health, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute plans, conducts, and supports research related to the causes, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of heart, blood vessel, lung, and blood diseases; and sleep disorders. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes, treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases. 

Keywords: [“viruses”,”Research”,”Institute”]
Source: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-08/nhla-nrd080218.php

Swine Flu Information

Swine Influenza is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza that regularly cause outbreaks of influenza among pigs. Swine flu viruses do not normally infect humans human infections with swine flu do occur, and cases of human-to-human spread of swine flu viruses has been documented. From December 2005 through February 2009, a total of 12 human infections with swine influenza were reported from 10 states in the United States. Since March 2009, a number of confirmed human cases of a new strain of swine influenza A virus infection in California, Texas, and Mexico have been identified. April 25, 2009 19:30 EDT. 

Human cases of swine influenza A virus infection have been identified in the U.S. in San Diego County and Imperial County, California as well as in San Antonio, Texas. Internationally, human cases of swine influenza A virus infection have been identified in Mexico. See: World Health Organization Last Updated: As of April 25th, 2009 7:30 p.m. EDT. 

Investigations are ongoing to determine the source of the infection and whether additional people have been infected with similar swine influenza viruses. CDC is working very closely with state and local officials in California, Texas, as well as with health officials in Mexico, Canada and the World Health Organization. On April 24th, CDC deployed 7 epidemiologists to San Diego County, California and Imperial County, California and 1 senior medical officer to Texas to provide guidance and technical support for the ongoing epidemiologic field investigations. CDC has also deployed to Mexico 1 medical officer and 1 senior expert who are part of a global team that is responding to the outbreak of respiratory illnesses in Mexico. Influenza is thought to spread mainly person-to-person through coughing or sneezing of infected people. 

If you get sick, CDC recommends that you stay home from work or school and limit contact with others to keep from infecting them. 

Keywords: [“Swine”,”Influenza”,”infection”]
Source: http://mednews.com/swine-flu

We Pigs News for 06-15-2018


Sherwood Pet Health Pellets Part 1

When Viruses Jump Species » Scienceline

Scientists push to keep viruses like Ebola, shown here, from traveling between species. Microbiologists there detected a virus never before seen in pigs – Ebola Reston, a close cousin to the Ebola viruses that have plagued Africa in recent decades. Ebola viruses are known to infect wildlife species, such as macaques and bats, but the recent outbreak in Philippines pigs marks the first time an Ebola strain has been identified in livestock. At least six humans have tested positive for Ebola Reston in the Philippines since early 2009, all farmhands working in close proximity to sick pigs. Scientists are unsure which animal species is the reservoir for the virus – the original host from which Ebola jumps to other animal species or to humans. 

Because the transmission of animal-borne diseases such as Ebola is poorly understood, scientists are scrambling to discover how viruses are passed from animals to people. Though Ebola Reston has not caused illness in humans, a number of infectious viruses originating in animals have caused deadly disease outbreaks in humans in recent years, including SARS, Ebola Zaire and Avian Flu. On their websites, the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention deem Ebola Reston non-threatening to human health, as it has never made anyone sick, but some scientists believe this conclusion may be premature due to a lack of data. Though Ebola Reston has only ever caused mild flu-like symptoms in one patient, Geisbert says it is hard to extrapolate from such a small number of cases to say with certainty the disease is not a threat to public health. Ebola Reston, the inspiration for Richard Preston’s 1994 non-fiction bio-thriller The Hot Zone, causes severe bleeding, organ failure and death in infected animals. 

Bats may be a reservoir for Ebola viruses, says Geisbert of Boston University, because they carry antibodies against the disease and do not show symptoms. Large gaps exist in the scientific knowledge of how deadly viruses jump species and why outbreaks of animal-transmitted diseases such as Ebola have seemed to occur with increasing frequency over the last 30 years. 

Keywords: [“Ebola”,”viruses”,”human”]
Source: http://scienceline.org/2009/03/bio-konkel-ebola-reston-pigs-species

Abyssinian Guinea Pigs

Abyssinian guinea pigs originate from the Andes Mountains in South America, not Guinea or Abyssinia! You can find solid black Abyssinian guinea pigs, stunning albino or white Abyssinian guinea pigs, and red, brown, marbled and multicolored varieties too. Favorites among professional breeders are satin and long-haired Abyssinian guinea pigs. Abyssinian guinea pigs typically live for between 5 to 6 years if well-cared for and kept in good health. As a life-long guinea pig fan, I can testify to the fact that Abyssinians tend to be much cheekier than other varieties!All guinea pigs are gregarious, lively creatures that thrive when kept in the company of their own species. 

If you are acquiring a pet guinea pig for a young child, it’s important to educate kids on the proper care and handling of guinea pigs before bringing one into your home. Abyssinian guinea pigs are very susceptible to bouts of diarrhea. Scurvy is a common disease in Abyssinian guinea pigs. Abyssinian guinea pigs should ideally have 10 to 50 mg of vitamin C every day. Abyssinian guinea pigs can also be attacked by parasites, including fleas, mites, and lice. 

Guinea pig adoption fees are very reasonable, often as little as $5. Abyssinian guinea pig price. If you’re ready to acquire an Abyssinian guinea pig of your own, be prepared for lots of fun and cuddles! Make sure you educate children on how to safely handle guinea pigs, and take some time to familiarize yourself with proper guinea pig care and diet. 

Keywords: [“guinea”,”pig”,”Abyssinian”]
Source: https://squeaksandnibbles.com/abyssinian-guinea-pigs

pig nutrition and management of nursery swine

Either way it is the most challenging time for pig unit management skills. These immature hogs are going through a massive period of environmental changes – loss of maternal relationship, movement to a new environment, change of diet and mixing with strange pigs from other litters. It is not surprising that this is a high risk time for disease occurrence and setbacks in growth! Weaning represents a significant challenge to every young piglet and the success of the process is crucial to the lifetime performance of the animal. The transition from a liquid diet to one that is usually based on dry feed ingredients is accompanied by major changes in digestive physiology, immune status and social and physical environment needs. 

Successful weaning is the key to effective growth, feed efficiency and the subsequent development of the pig. This book was developed from a British Society of Animal Science meeting. It brings together all of the scientific disciplines involved in the pre- and post-weaning biology of swine….Growth & development Nutrition & Feeding Immunology & Health Ethology The physical environment. Pig unit managers, Farm livestock advisors, veterinarians, students, researchers in agriculture, animal science, farm animal livestock nutrition, physiology and veterinary medicine. 

Keywords: [“pig”,”Weaners”,”animal”]
Source: http://www.pighealth.com/weaner.htm

Teddy Guinea Pigs

It is thought that Teddy guinea pigs were the result of a genetic quirk that occurred in animals that were bred for use in laboratories, when American guinea pigs were cross-bred with Abyssinians. Teddy guinea pigs generally grow up to 12 inches in length. Teddy guinea pigs can also have satin coats, which are glossier than standard coats. Teddies will mix happily with other breeds of guinea pigs. The Teddy’s short hair does not tangle like that of some of the long-coated breeds of guinea pigs. 

Teddy guinea pigs have gorgeous little flat ear flaps, adding to their undeniably cute factor! Only feed these treats in moderation, as Teddy guinea pigs are prone to diarrhea, which can be very dangerous to their health. Scurvy is a disease that commonly affects Teddy guinea pigs if their diet is incorrect. Ear infections are a particular problem for Teddy bear guinea pigs. All breeds of guinea pigs are susceptible to urinary tract problems, and Teddies are no exception. 

The price of a Teddy guinea pig will depend on a number of factors, including the animal’s pedigree, color, and the number of breeders that are local to you. Teddy guinea pigs are an adorably cute breed of cavy with a distinctive rough, upstanding coat. 

Keywords: [“Teddy”,”guinea”,”pig”]
Source: https://squeaksandnibbles.com/teddy-guinea-pigs

We Pigs News for 06-10-2018

Free eBooks Download

This new book written by experts from around the world focuses on the health of pigs, first with coverage of the disorders of pigs organised by clinical sign and body system. The book explores environmental medicine and then health maintenance. Treatment options are discussed, emphasizing a reduction in antimicrobial use and an increased awareness of a holistic approach to treatment. The book includes over 1,500 high-quality illustrations to enhance the clinical description, as well as a wealth of high-quality videos to test the reader in making differential diagnoses with treatment options. Quizzes at the end of each section also encourage reflective learning. 

Clinical examination of the individual pig and groups are covered along with environmental medicine, making this the ideal reference for veterinary practitioners and students. Those interested in population medicine will particularly enjoy the holistic approach to veterinary medicine. All those who appreciate the many talents of pigs will enjoy the practical approach to managing the health of their animals. This book moves veterinary science forward, promoting health rather than treating disease. It will be your number one reference for keeping your pigs healthy. 

Copyright Disclaimer:This site does not store any files on its server. We only index and link to content provided by other sites. 

Keywords: [“pig”,”medicine”,”health”]
Source: http://ebook3000.com/Pig-Health_511307.html

Guinea pig Insurance

Browse our veterinary-reviewed Dog and Cat Illness Guide to learn more about pet health. Always talk to your veterinarian if you have a concern about your pet’s symptoms or health. Pet Assure allows pet owners to save on their pet’s veterinary care, even pre-existing conditions. Pet Assure is a low – cost pet insurance alternative. It’s perfect for Guinea pig! 

Learn why more than 100,000 households have chosen Pet Assure for their pets. Among pet health plans, Pet Assure is the best value pet plan for your Guinea pig. It is the best pet insurance alternative and available for any type of pet. Pet Assure covers every medical condition, including ear infections, skin allergies, skin infections, gastritis, enteritis / diarrhea, arthritis, bladder infections, tumors and hypothyroidism. We are the cheap pet insurance alternative that covers every medical service, including routine visits, dental work, x-rays, laboratory work, vaccines, cremation, spay & neuter, hospitalization and emergency services. 

Compare pet insurance to us; whether you are looking for dog insurance or cat insurance, insurance for your pet is costly. Choose Pet Assure, the pet discount plan that more than pays for itself. 

Keywords: [“pet”,”insurance”,”Assure”]
Source: https://www.petassure.com/education/exotic-breeds/guinea-pig-insurance

BBMP intensifies drive against stray pigs

The Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike has intensified its drive to round up stray pigs in the backdrop of the outbreak of the Nipah virus in the neighbouring State of Kerala. According to health officials, pigs can sometimes be the intermediary hosts of the virus. To date, the civic body has failed to crack down on the pig menace and on illegal breeders on the outskirts of Bengaluru despite complaints from citizens in H.S.R. Layout, Bommanahalli, Yelahanka and Mahadevapura. In April, the civic body had floated a tender for catching stray pigs. 

As per the tender, the contractor pays Rs. 70/ kg for the pigs that have been caught. Mayor R. Sampath Raj said that the civic body had also received several petitions from citizens in S.K. Garden and Tavarekere to shift privately managed pig slaughter houses. The BBMP is now considering shifting these slaughterhouses to the outskirts of Bengaluru. 

Keywords: [“pig”,”BBMP”,”tender”]
Source: http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/…against-stray-pigs/article24116128.ece

Could Rover Unleash a Flu Pandemic?

TUESDAY, June 5, 2018 – Dog lovers might be distressed by the latest research on flu pandemics. In the new study, scientists suggest that your beloved furry companion could trigger a flu pandemic among people in the future. That all spells trouble for humans, because they spend so much time in close quarters with their pups, the researchers noted. Fifteen years ago, researchers found that a flu virus in a horse infected a dog, leading to the first circulating flu viruses in dogs. Five years ago, researchers identified a bird-origin flu virus circulating in farm dogs in China. 

The findings, published June 5 in the journal mBio, show the need to take steps to limit the circulation of flu viruses in dogs, according to the researchers. Future studies will assess whether humans are immune to canine H1N1 or not, the researchers said. 

Keywords: [“Dog”,”viruses”,”flu”]
Source: https://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=212773

eBook PDF Managing Pig Health Download Read EPUB eBook| PDF Download Amissio Formula

Download Read. As a continuation of the earlier volumes in this series, the proceedings of the Eighth International Conference provide authoritative and up-to-date information on pig reproduction research. This volume, which contains manuscripts accompanying the state-of-the art lectures, the parallel sessions, and the expanded abstracts, provides an authoritative and up-to-date source of information on research in pig reproduction. This text is an invaluable resource for students, teachers, veterinarians, animal scientists, consultants, and technologists with an interest in all aspects of pig reproduction. 

Keywords: [“reproduction”,”pig”,”research”]
Source: http://amissioformula.org/book/managing-pig-health

eBook PDF The Health Of Pigs Download Read EPUB eBook| PDF Download Amissio Formula

Download Read. The understanding of pig genetics and genomics has advanced significantly in recent years, creating fresh insights into biological processes. This comprehensive reference work discusses pig genetics and its integration with livestock management and production technology to improve performance. Fully updated throughout to reflect advances in the subject, this new edition also includes new information on genetic aspects of domestication, colour variation, genomics and pig breeds, with contributions from international experts active in the field. 

Keywords: [“genetic”,”pig”,”new”]
Source: http://amissioformula.org/book/the-health-of-pigs

We Pigs News for 06-01-2018

The Right Methods To Take Care Of Husky Lab Mix

The Husky Lab Mix, also known as the Siberian Retriever, is a cross-breed dog that’s an offspring of 2 parents, the Siberian Husky and also the Labrador Retriever. The appearance of the Husky Lab Mix could differ between one dog to the other since it all depends on whether the Husky Lab Mix offspring is born to look more like its Labrador Retriever parent or its Siberian Husky parent. The Husky Lab Mix is a medium to a large dog weighing 40 to 60 lbs as well as will stand approximately 25 inches tall. The Husky Lab Mix is known as a loving, loyal and also affectionate dog who exercises patience. The Husky Lab Mix is an extremely intelligent, energetic, lively, as well as happy dog and also it loves to play, especially in water. 

While its Husky family likes to bark, the Husky Lab Mix is noticeably much calmer as well as makes less noise. The Husky Lab Mix need a lot of exercises and also it likes to run so taking it to a park or an open space where it is safe to allow the dog off the leash is a great idea. It’s not a difficult task to take care of your Husky Lab Mix there are a couple of things that you need to remember. As far as bathing them is concerned, Husky Lab Mix does not have to be given bath extremely often the same way other dog breeds might need to. The Husky Lab Mix is one of the most active dogs that love to play around as well as stay active all day long. 

Generally, if properly cared for as well as provided everything they need to properly thrive in life and life, the Husky Lab Mix is expected to live for around for a happy 10-15 years. The Lovely Husky Lab Mix The Husky Lab Mix, also known as the Siberian Retriever, is a cross-breed dog that’s an offspring of 2 parents, the Siberian Husky and also the Labrador Retriever. 

Keywords: [“Husky”,”Mix”,”Lab”]
Source: http://www.animaldiscoveryonline.com/husky-lab-mix

Swine flu viruses cause high levels of illness and low death rates in pigs. Swine influenza viruses may circulate among swine throughout the year, but most outbreaks occur during the late fall and winter months similar to outbreaks in humans. Like all influenza viruses, swine flu viruses change constantly. Four days before getting sick, the patient visited a county fair swine exhibition where there was widespread influenza-like illness among the swine. In follow-up studies, 76% of swine exhibitors tested had antibody evidence of swine flu infection but no serious illnesses were detected among this group. 

While most swine influenza viruses have been susceptible to all four drugs, the most recent swine influenza viruses isolated from humans are resistant to amantadine and rimantadine. No. The H1N1 swine flu viruses are antigenically very different from human H1N1 viruses and vaccines for human seasonal flu would not provide protection from H1N1 swine flu viruses. Swine flu viruses are thought to be spread mostly through close contact among pigs and possibly from contaminated objects moving between infected and uninfected pigs. Herds with continuous swine flu infections and herds that are vaccinated against swine flu may have sporadic disease, or may show only mild or no symptoms of infection. 

More specifically, 51 percent of pigs in the north-central United States have been shown to have antibody evidence of infection with swine H1N1. Human infections with swine flu H1N1 viruses are rare. The current swine flu H3N2 viruses are closely related to human H3N2 viruses. The seasonal influenza vaccine probably will help provide partial protection against swine H3N2, but not swine H1N1 viruses. 

Keywords: [“Swine”,”flu”,”viruses”]
Source: https://www.everydayhealth.com/swine-flu.aspx

History of Wild Pigs: Population Introduction, Distribution, and Spread

Wild pigs are an Old World species and are not native to the Americas. The first wild pigs in the United States originated solely from domestic stock brought to North America by early European explorers and settlers. Many years later, Eurasian wild boar were introduced into parts of the United States for hunting purposes. In areas where domestic pigs and Eurasian wild boar were found together in the wild, interbreeding occurred. Today, many hybrid populations exist throughout the wild pig’s range. 

In the centuries following European exploration and colonization of the eastern U.S., free-range livestock management practices and escapes from enclosures resulted in the establishment of wild pig populations and promoted their spread. Eurasian Wild Boar.Introduction of the Eurasion Wild Boar. In the early 1900’s, Eurasian or Russian wild boar were introduced into portions of the United States. The Range of Wild Pigs Today Wild pigs have been reported in at least 45 states. The Human Factor Wild pigs awaiting transport to an undisclosed location. 

The popularity of wild pigs as a game species has played a major role in the expansion of their range throughout the United States. The sudden presence of wild pigs in new areas is most often a result of. Illegal translocation: the practice of capturing wild pigs, transporting them to new locations, and releasing them into the wild. 

Keywords: [“Wild”,”pig”,”States”]
Source: http://wildpiginfo.msstate.edu/history-wild-pigs.html

We Pigs News for 04-26-2018

How I Health Check My Guinea Pigs (at home)

Pierce County sheriff’s blotter: Pigs got into the chicken coop

Deputies responded to a driving complaint at 11:34 p.m. April 2 at County Road E and Highway 10 in Prescott. Deputies on patrol at 2:07 a.m. April 3 stopped a vehicle for a traffic violation at 770th Street and Highway 35 in Hager City. Deputies checked on a vehicle in the ditch at 11:01 p.m. 

April 3 at 290th Street and Highway 72 in Elmwood. A towing company reported at 11:37 a.m. April 4 that a vehicle had gone down an embankment and struck trees at N7530 910th Street inn River Falls. Deputies on patrol at 4:28 a.m. April 5 stopped a speeder at County Road D and Highway 10 in Ellsworth. 

Deputies on patrol at 12:25 a.m. April 7 stopped a vehicle for operating left-of-center at 920th Street and Highway 65 in the town of River Falls. A Spring Valley caller on Highway 29 reported April 3 that neighboring pigs got out and went into the complainant’s chicken coop, breaking a fence. A deputy on patrol witnessed a vehicle in traffic nearly strike a dog at N4488 Highway 35 in Prescott. Deputies arrested a Hager City man March 30 after a domestic disturbance was reported at W9391 460th Ave. 

A deputy out looking for a juvenile runaway made casual contact March 20 with an Ellsworth man at W7409 Highway 65 in Beldenville. Two complainants reported March 23 that checks and cash were stolen from N4984 Highway 63 in Ellsworth. Deputies were called at 6:24 p.m. March 24 to W6390 Highway 35 in Bay City for a disorderly person. 

Keywords: [“deputy”,”April”,”Highway”]
Source: http://www.piercecountyherald.com/node/4430218

Influenza

Swine influenza is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza virus. Swine influenza viruses may circulate in swine, including swine in Illinois. Influenza A viruses in swine are categorized into subtypes based on two viral surface antigens called hemagglutinin and neuraminidase. Like all influenza viruses, swine flu viruses change constantly. Pigs can be infected by avian influenza and human influenza viruses as well as swine flu viruses. 

When influenza viruses from different species infect pigs, the viruses can reassort and new viruses that are a mix of swine, human and/or avian influenza viruses can emerge. Antibody can be due to vaccination of pigs for swine flu or from natural infection with swine flu. In the past several years, CDC has received, on average, about one influenza virus isolate from a human that tests positive for swine flu each year. Vaccines are available to be given to pigs to prevent swine influenza. The seasonal influenza vaccine will likely help provide partial protection against swine H3N2, but not swine H1N1 viruses. 

Although immunity to swine H1N1 viruses is low in the human population, a high proportion of persons occupationally exposed to pigs have been shown in several studies to have antibody evidence of prior swine H1N1 flu infection. Because most persons have some antibody to influenza H3N2 viruses since H3N2 viruses occur commonly in humans and because the swine and human H3N2 viruses are similar, swine H3N2 virus infections in humans would not represent a possible pandemic threat. 

Keywords: [“Swine”,”viruses”,”human”]
Source: http://www.idph.state.il.us/flu/swine_flu_fs.htm

Salmonella outbreak linked to guinea pigs

A continuing investigation by the CDC, several states and the US Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service has found evidence that contact with pet guinea pigs is the likely source of the salmonella outbreak. The CDC said in Tuesday’s announcement that this outbreak is a reminder that pet rodents such as guinea pigs can carry Salmonella bacteria even when they look healthy and clean, regardless of where they are purchased or adopted. Rodents are not recommended as pets for children younger than 5, pregnant women, elderly adults or people with weakened immune systems, because these groups are at greater risk for serious illness. Pet rodents should not be kept in child care centers, schools or other facilities with children younger than 5. Always wash your hands after touching, feeding or caring for pet rodents or cleaning their habitats. 

Do not kiss, nuzzle or hold pet rodents close to your face. Never eat, drink or smoke while playing with or caring for your pet rodent. Keep pet rodents, food and water bowls, and other supplies out of the kitchen or other areas where food is prepared, served or consumed. Tell your health care provider that you have been around pet rodents, whether at home or away from the home, especially if you are sick or have been bitten or scratched. Some germs carried by rodents can cause serious and life-threatening illness. 

Do not release unwanted pet rodents into the wild. Many pet retailers, pet stores, local animal shelters, zoos or animal rescues accept unwanted pets. 

Keywords: [“pet”,”rodent”,”people”]
Source: https://www.cnn.com/2018/03/09/health/salmonella-guinea-pigs

How to make your own pig feed on the farm

Farmers can make their own feeds and sell surplus feed to other farmers. Pig feed should be of high quality to ensure the pigs grow to the desired weight for the market. Assuming a farmer has 10 piglets to feed, they can isolate a creep area where their mother cannot reach and put in 50g of feed per piglet per day. At 14 weeks, the pigs will require additional feed; the farmer can give 1.4kg of extra feed per pig per day. A wet ration in the morning at 7 am, a dry feed at noon and a final wet feed at 4 pm. 

At 22 weeks, the pigs require a higher feed ration as they are about to attain the market liveweight of between 80-90kg. At this stage the farmer should give them 2.5 – 2.75kg of feed per pig per day. A sow with piglets that are suckling requires 6 kilogrammes of feed every day or an amount of feed that is equal to 25 % of her body weight. A female pig that is not yet served should be given at least 3kg of feed per day. Feed formulation is not easy especially for small-scale farmers due to lack of raw materials and the technical knowledge on how to prepare their own feeds. 

For farmers who want to keep many pigs, say, between 500 to 1000 pigs, it makes economic sense to make their own feeds as long as they can get the right raw materials for feed formulation. Sweet potato vines are very nutritious pig feed if well prepared and preserved. Pig farmers who incorporate sweet potato silage into the pig diet can cut their feed costs by up to 30 per cent. 

Keywords: [“feed”,”pig”,”farmer”]
Source: http://www.theorganicfarmer.org/Articles/how-make-your-own-pig-feed-farm

We Pigs News for 03-18-2018

Guinea Pig Model for Evaluating the Potential Public Health Risk of Swine and Avian Influenza Viruses

We investigated the guinea pig as a mammalian model for the study of the replication and transmission characteristics of selected swine H1N1, H1N2, H3N2 and avian H9N2 influenza viruses, compared to those of pandemic 2009 and seasonal human H1N1, H3N2 influenza viruses. None of the swine and avian influenza viruses showed transmissibility among guinea pigs; in contrast, pandemic 2009 virus transmitted from infected guinea pigs to all animals and seasonal human influenza viruses could also horizontally transmit in guinea pigs. We propose that the guinea pig could serve as a useful mammalian model to evaluate the potential public health threat of swine and avian influenza viruses. Animal influenza viruses have repeatedly transmitted to humans with increasing genetic diversity, such as avian H5N1 and H9N2 influenza viruses, and swine H1N1, H1N2, H3N2 influenza viruses , , which served as an important reminder that another influenza pandemic is highly likely. Among these swine and avian influenza viruses, in addition to highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza viruses, many low pathogenic viruses are also high on the list of candidates that could potentially cause the next human pandemic. Thus far, influenza studies using the guinea pig model have been performed with 1918 pandemic , 2009 pandemic H1N1 , seasonal human H1N1 and H3N2 , , and avian H5N1 influenza viruses , , , but little is known about other swine and avian influenza virus infections, particularly those isolated in recent years. To evaluate the applicability of the guinea pig model for swine and avian influenza viruses, we describe the infectivity and transmissibility in guinea pigs of the subtypes of viruses that repeatedly transmit to humans compared with 2009 pandemic and human seasonal influenza viruses. The study indicated that, similar to human influenza viruses, all swine and avian influenza viruses used in this study replicated efficiently in the nasal passages of guinea pigs, with peak virus titers in nasal washings ranging from 104.4 to 106.6 EID50/mL. The virus titer of BJ/317/09 was lower than those of other pandemic 2009 virus reported previously , possibly due to strain specificity. All of these viruses could not be detected in tracheas and lungs on day 8 p.i. It is interesting that the European avian-like swine H1N1 and North American triple H1N2 viruses, that were proposed to be the progenitors of 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza viruses, both replicated more efficiently and distributed in more tissues than other swine influenza viruses, similar to the 2009 pandemic H1N1 virus. In the present study, we investigated the guinea pig as a mammalian model for the study of the replication and transmission characteristics of selected swine H1N1, H1N2, H3N2 and avian H9N2 influenza viruses. Our results showed that all the tested swine and avian influenza viruses replicated effectively in guinea pig nasal tracts without prior adaptation and the replication of these viruses was restricted to the respiratory system. The replication characteristics of swine and avian influenza viruses were similar to those of pandemic 2009 and seasonal human H1N1, H3N2 influenza viruses in addition to those of other influenza viruses reported by previous studies , ,. These studies show the utility of the guinea pig model for not only the evaluation of the transmissibility of pandemic influenza strains, human seasonal viruses and H5N1 influenza viruses, but could also be used for low pathogenic swine and avian influenza viruses to help recognize the strains that possess potential human-to-human transmission ability. In summary, we found the high susceptibility of guinea pigs to swine and avian influenza viruses, the correlation of transmissibility of these animal influenza viruses in guinea pigs with those in humans and the similar receptor distribution in the respiratory system of guinea pigs to those of humans. To investigate the replication of human, swine and avian influenza viruses in the guinea pig model, groups of 15 animals were anesthetized and inoculated intranasally with 106 EID50 of tested virus in a 300 µL volume.

Keywords: [“influenza”,”viruses”,”pig”]
Source: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0015537

Guinea pig

The domestic guinea pig or simply guinea pig, also known as cavy, is a species of rodent belonging to the family Caviidae and the genus Cavia. Spanish, Dutch, and English traders brought guinea pigs to Europe, where they quickly became popular as exotic pets among the upper classes and royalty, including Queen Elizabeth I. The earliest known written account of the guinea pig dates from 1547, in a description of the animal from Santo Domingo; because cavies are not native to Hispaniola, the animal was earlier believed to have been introduced there by Spanish travelers. The earliest known illustration of a domestic guinea pig is a painting in the collection of the National Portrait Gallery in London, dated to 1580, which shows a girl in typical Elizabethan dress holding a tortoise-shell guinea pig in her hands; she is flanked by her two brothers, one of whom holds a pet bird. The Japanese word for guinea pig is “モルモット”, which derives from the name of another mountain-dwelling rodent, the marmot; this is what guinea pigs were called by the Dutch traders who first brought them to Nagasaki in 1843. Guinea pigs learn to recognize and bond with other individual guinea pigs, and testing of boars shows their neuroendocrine stress response is significantly lowered in the presence of a bonded female when compared to the presence of unfamiliar females. Domestic guinea pigs generally live in cages, although some owners of large numbers of guinea pigs dedicate entire rooms to their pets. Housing of guinea pigs with other rodents such as gerbils and hamsters may increase instances of respiratory and other infections, and such rodents may act aggressively toward the guinea pig. Two major guinea pig allergens, Cav p I and Cav p II, have been identified in guinea pig fluids and guinea pig dander. In Ursula Dubosarsky’s Maisie and the Pinny Gig, a little girl has a recurrent dream about a giant guinea pig, while guinea pigs feature significantly in several of Dubosarsky’s other books, including the young adult novel The White Guinea Pig and The Game of the Goose. A guinea pig named Rodney, voiced by Chris Rock, was a prominent character in the 1998 film Dr. Dolittle, and Linny the Guinea pig is a co-star on Nick Jr.’s Wonder Pets. The Blockbuster campaign is considered by some guinea pig advocates to have been a factor in the rise of caging guinea pigs and rabbits together. The use of guinea pigs in scientific experimentation dates back at least to the 17th century, when the Italian biologists Marcello Malpighi and Carlo Fracassati conducted vivisections of guinea pigs in their examinations of anatomic structures. From the accidental discovery in 1907 that scurvy could be induced in guinea pigs, to their use to prove the chemical structure of the “Ascorbutic factor” in 1932, the guinea pig model proved a crucial part of vitamin C research. Peruvians consume an estimated 65 million guinea pigs each year, and the animal is so entrenched in the culture that one famous painting of the Last Supper in the main cathedral in Cusco shows Christ and the 12 disciples dining on guinea pig. The exact form the jaca tsariy takes differs from town to town; in some localities, a sirvinti is appointed to go from door to door, collecting donations of guinea pigs, while in others, guinea pigs may be brought to a communal area to be released in a mock bullfight.

Keywords: [“pig”,”guinea”,”animal”]
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guinea_pig