We Pigs News for 09-29-2018

Guinea Pig Toy Collection *2014*

Guinea Pig Model for Evaluating the Potential Public Health Risk of Swine and Avian Influenza Viruses

We investigated the guinea pig as a mammalian model for the study of the replication and transmission characteristics of selected swine H1N1, H1N2, H3N2 and avian H9N2 influenza viruses, compared to those of pandemic 2009 and seasonal human H1N1, H3N2 influenza viruses. None of the swine and avian influenza viruses showed transmissibility among guinea pigs; in contrast, pandemic 2009 virus transmitted from infected guinea pigs to all animals and seasonal human influenza viruses could also horizontally transmit in guinea pigs. We propose that the guinea pig could serve as a useful mammalian model to evaluate the potential public health threat of swine and avian influenza viruses. Animal influenza viruses have repeatedly transmitted to humans with increasing genetic diversity, such as avian H5N1 and H9N2 influenza viruses, and swine H1N1, H1N2, H3N2 influenza viruses , , which served as an important reminder that another influenza pandemic is highly likely. Among these swine and avian influenza viruses, in addition to highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza viruses, many low pathogenic viruses are also high on the list of candidates that could potentially cause the next human pandemic. 

Thus far, influenza studies using the guinea pig model have been performed with 1918 pandemic , 2009 pandemic H1N1 , seasonal human H1N1 and H3N2 , , and avian H5N1 influenza viruses , , , but little is known about other swine and avian influenza virus infections, particularly those isolated in recent years. To evaluate the applicability of the guinea pig model for swine and avian influenza viruses, we describe the infectivity and transmissibility in guinea pigs of the subtypes of viruses that repeatedly transmit to humans compared with 2009 pandemic and human seasonal influenza viruses. In the present study, we investigated the guinea pig as a mammalian model for the study of the replication and transmission characteristics of selected swine H1N1, H1N2, H3N2 and avian H9N2 influenza viruses. Our results showed that all the tested swine and avian influenza viruses replicated effectively in guinea pig nasal tracts without prior adaptation and the replication of these viruses was restricted to the respiratory system. The replication characteristics of swine and avian influenza viruses were similar to those of pandemic 2009 and seasonal human H1N1, H3N2 influenza viruses in addition to those of other influenza viruses reported by previous studies , ,. 

These studies show the utility of the guinea pig model for not only the evaluation of the transmissibility of pandemic influenza strains, human seasonal viruses and H5N1 influenza viruses, but could also be used for low pathogenic swine and avian influenza viruses to help recognize the strains that possess potential human-to-human transmission ability. In summary, we found the high susceptibility of guinea pigs to swine and avian influenza viruses, the correlation of transmissibility of these animal influenza viruses in guinea pigs with those in humans and the similar receptor distribution in the respiratory system of guinea pigs to those of humans. 

Keywords: [“influenza”,”viruses”,”pig”]
Source: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0015537

RSPCA Victoria

Long-haired guinea pigs can be especially hard to look after. BehaviourIn the wild, guinea pigs live in large social groups. Two adult guinea pigs that don’t know each other may fight. We do not recommend that guinea pigs and rabbits be housed together. BreedingThe RSPCA strongly advises that you do not breed from your guinea pigs as it is very difficult to find good homes for the young. 

HealthGuinea pigs should be checked regularly for overgrown claws and teeth. Long haired guinea pigs in particular may suffer from the potentially fatal disease flystrike, cause by flies laying eggs in soiled fur. To avoid this, make sure the guinea pig’s home is cleaned every day and their bedding changed regularly. Groom guinea pigs every day, checking their fur all over for any dirt, especially under the tail. If a guinea pig develops bald patches this could be the fungal disease ringworm. 

FoodGuinea pigs can suffer from vitamin C deficiency, which causes weight loss, general weakness and swollen joints. Like people, guinea pigs cannot make Vitamin C and need to eat fresh greens every day. 

Keywords: [“pig”,”guinea”,”home”]
Source: https://www.rspcavic.org/health-and-behaviour/guinea-pigs

Health food for guinea pigs

This means that, next to the appropriate care and accommodation, you pay attention to a good diet. Guinea pigs may develop obesity or bladder, gastrointestinal, kidney and/or dental problems. Nutrition plays a major role in the prevention thereof. Fibres are very important for the proper functioning of the gastrointestinal tract of the guinea pig. In order to provide guinea pigs with sufficient dietary fibre, it is essential to provide unlimited daily access to fresh hay. 

In addition to fibres from hay, guinea pigs also require various other nutrients. TROVET kibbles contain important nutrients, such as vitamins and minerals with the optimal proportion of nutrients your guinea pig requires. TROVET Guinea Pig is quality food that helps to keep your pet healthy and vital. 

Keywords: [“pig”,”guinea”,”nutrients”]
Source: http://www.trovet.nl/en/healthfoodforguineapigs/

Guinea Pig Cages, Care, Photos, News, Forum and Blogs

‘); var sidebar align = ‘right’; var content container margin = parseInt(‘290px’); var sidebar width = parseInt(‘270px’); //->. Total members that have visited the forum in the last 24 hours: 54. The most members online in one day was 295, 02-26-13. 

Keywords: [“var”,”sidebar”,”members”]
Source: https://www.guineapigcages.com/forum/forum.php

We Pigs News for 08-12-2018

Drama as heads of pigs abandoned outside Kiambu hospital :: Kenya

Drama unfolded at Kiambu Level Five Hospital after residents found six heads of pigs abandoned at the gate. The heads which were dropped by Operation Ondoa Panya, a human rights Organisation had a ribbon written ‘Kiambu Hospital Thieves’ on them. The organisation’s National Coordinator John Wamagata said they had put the heads at the hospital gate to protest alleged poor leadership and service delivery at facility. Curious residents thronged at the hospital gate as they angled to get a glimpse of what was transpiring there. Samson Njoroge, a hawker outside the hospital said they saw a car come early in the morning and drop the heads before speeding off. 

The hospital which was last year elevated to the level five status has for the last couple of months been in the limelight for all the wrong reasons. Patients have been complaining about lack of enough food, drugs and congestion at the hospital. On Tuesday, there was drama at the hospital after a family from Karia village in Githunguri which had come to collect the body of Stephen Mburu from mortuary found it missing. The hospital medical superintendent, Jesse Ngugi, said the body was transferred due to a mix-up. Last month, doctors at the hospital were on the spotlight after they declared a 20-day-old baby dead and even issued a burial permit to the family. 

Kiambu Health Executive Dr Joseph Murega denied that county hospitals were facing medicine and food shortage crisis but acknowledged that the health facilities were overcrowded. Governor Ferdinand Waititu on Tuesday said there was nothing his administration could do at the moment to ease congestion at Kiambu hospital. 

Keywords: [“Hospital”,”patients”,”County”]
Source: https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/article/2001291295/drama-as-heads…

Flu cases linked to pigs at Paso Robles Mid-State Fair

San Luis Obispo County health officials confirmed Thursday two cases of influenza A have been diagnosed in patients that had extended contact with pigs at the California Mid-State Fair. Influenza A is a virus that spreads among pigs and can occasionally be transmitted to people who have close contact with the animals, according to statement from the county health department. Officials said both patients experienced brief illnesses and have since recovered. When humans are infected by the virus – known as variant influenza virus infections – the effects are usually mild, with symptoms similar to those of seasonal influenza, the health department said. When the virus is transmitted from a pig to a person, it generally does not spread widely to other people. 

It also cannot be transmitted by eating pork, the county said. Officials warned that anyone who had extended contact with pigs at the Mid-State Fair to be alert for symptoms of the flu. Symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, muscle or body aches, headaches and fatigue and may also include vomiting and diarrhea, according to the county. Symptoms typically appear within one to four days of exposure and last for two to seven days. Local news matters: We rely on readers like you more than ever before, and we currently offer free access to five stories a month. 

Support us further with a digital subscription to help ensure we can provide strong local journalism for many years to come. 

Keywords: [“health”,”influenza”,”pig”]
Source: https://www.sanluisobispo.com/news/local/article216396765.html

Hydrogen in drinking water attenuates noise-induced hearing loss in guinea pigs.

Hydrogen in drinking water attenuates noise-induced hearing loss in guinea pigs. It has been shown that molecular hydrogen acts as a therapeutic and preventive antioxidant by selectively reducing the hydroxyl radical, the most cytotoxic of the reactive oxygen species. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that acoustic damage in guinea pigs can be attenuated by the consumption of molecular hydrogen. Guinea pigs received normal water or hydrogen-rich water for 14 days before they were exposed to 115 dB SPL 4-kHz octave band noise for 3h. Animals in each group underwent measurements for auditory brainstem response or distortion-product otoacoustic emissions before the treatment and immediately, 1, 3, 7, and 14 days after noise exposure. 

The ABR thresholds at 2 and 4 kHz were significantly better on post-noise days 1, 3, and 14 in hydrogen-treated animals when compared to the normal water-treated controls. Compared to the controls, the hydrogen-treated animals showed greater amplitude of DPOAE input/output growth functions during the recovery process, with statistical significance detected on post-noise days 3 and 7. These findings suggest that hydrogen can facilitate the recovery of hair cell function and attenuate noise-induced temporary hearing loss. Substance Hydrogen in drinking water attenuates noise-induced hearing loss in guinea pigs. 

Keywords: [“Hydrogen”,”water”,”guinea”]
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20888392

Vegan Ceviche Avocado Boats – GUINEA PIGGING GREEN

This recipe is delicious and healthy and perfect for summer. Ceviche is a Mexican dish usually prepared with seafood or fish and can be easily served as an appetizer. I made something very similar to this recipe from Vegan Yack Attack, except instead of combining the avocado, I used them as boats, like Rose does in this seabass recipe on The Londoner. Scoop about 1/3 cup of the ceviche mixture onto each avocado half. Firmly roll the lime in between your palms to get the juices flowing before cutting it open. 

Another option is to microwave the lime for about 15 seconds, which achieves the same thing. Halve the lime and use a fork to help release the juices by twisting while you squeeze the lime with your other palm. Removing the seeds inside a jalapeño pepper will remove a lot of the heat. I find the easiest way to do this is to slice it open and remove the seeds under a running tap. If you like can handle the heat, leave the seeds in! 

You’re going to be left with a lot of fresh cilantro. Here’s a really easy guide to keeping it fresh longer. 

Keywords: [“lime”,”seeds”,”remove”]
Source: https://guineapigginggreen.com/vegan-ceviche-avocado-boats

We Pigs News for 08-11-2018

ADD / ADHD Message Board

I’m only 24 yrs old, and my life has spiraled out of control in many ways, but the journey back to health and balance begun a long time ago, once I realized it’s a personal journey for everyone, but the key to healing from this is recognizing you are not your condition nor are you the label the medical community or people at large give you. Once you begin to see your ADHD symptoms as perfectly normal your attitude will slowly change, and you will accept that with this kind of brain chemistry comes immense gifts along with the struggles. Treatment- from a purely scientific standpoint- ADHD symptoms such as being easily distracted, erratic sleeping patterns, unpredictable mood among many others are nothing more than imbalances within your mind/body as a whole. Every thing needs to be addressed , because all it takes is one imbalance within your system to throw everything out of whack because everything else has to overcompensate. I also know a few people who have benefitted immensely from cutting out stimulants like caffeine( bad news for those of us with ADHD), sugar, gluten, too much alcohol etc. 

Have begun taking probiotics which help regulate the digestive tract and in the process help regulate mood/ thoughts and emotions- the reason behind this is not supernatural, science has now proven that an enormous amount of our mood directly stems from our digestive tracts which can be responsible for up to 90% of serotonin in our brains! It sounds bizarre but it is very true. This is why people who exercise and eat healthy are generally happier people. Educate yourself on ADHD and it’s masks- take everything with a grain of salt, and realize most people including pharmaceutical companies have a motive- $, sometimes you have to think outside of the box and become your own doctor to fully regulate your life again. Exercise!- Any chance you get exercise- this releases mass amounts of endorphins/dopamine etc. 

Feel good chemicals in the brain that help regulate thinking, create a more calm/peaceful approach to life- I could go on forever here of the benefits. The key is those of us with ADHD have mass amounts of energy( though this can fluctuate) we need an outlet for this – exercise is paramount. Clean up your diet- sugar/caffeine/ unnatural artificial stimulatants wreck havoc on our brains- create tensions, jitters, insomnia, digestive issues and many more- I know this one is challenging, but trust me if you were to really cut out these offenders, and transition to a more natural organic diet- you will be shocked out how everything else seems to fall in place. 

Keywords: [“ADHD”,”everything”,”regulate”]
Source: https://www.healthboards.com/boards/add-adhd/910904-guinea-pig.html

NIH researchers discover highly infectious vehicle for virus transmission among humans

Previously, it was believed that these viruses only spread through individual virus particles. The discovery of these clusters, the scientists say, marks a turning point in the understanding of how these viruses spread and why they are so infectious. The researchers studied norovirus and rotavirus-hard-to-treat viruses that are the most common cause of stomach illness, or gastroenteritis, and that afflicts millions of people each year. The viruses cause symptoms ranging from diarrhea to abdominal pain and can sometimes result in death, particularly among young children and the elderly. The study was supported in part by the Intramural Research programs of the NHLBI and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, both part of the National Institutes of Health. 

Until a few years ago, most scientists believed that viruses, particularly those responsible for stomach illnesses, could only behave as independent infectious agents. The scientists compared this new model of viral transmission to a Trojan horse: A group of membrane-bound viruses arrives at a host cell and deposits viruses in the cell while dodging detection by the immune system. The researchers obtained fecal samples of humans and animals and found that the viruses are shed in the stool as virus clusters inside membrane-bound packets. The researchers determined that the high level of infectiousness was likely due to the vesicles delivering many viruses at once to the target tissues; protecting their viral cargo from being destroyed by prolonged exposure to enzymes; and possibly by making their viral cargo invisible to the antibodies that are in the stool or gut of the host. Handwashing with soap and water helps prevent the spread of viruses. 

Part of the National Institutes of Health, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute plans, conducts, and supports research related to the causes, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of heart, blood vessel, lung, and blood diseases; and sleep disorders. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes, treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases. 

Keywords: [“viruses”,”Research”,”Institute”]
Source: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-08/nhla-nrd080218.php

Swine Flu Information

Swine Influenza is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza that regularly cause outbreaks of influenza among pigs. Swine flu viruses do not normally infect humans human infections with swine flu do occur, and cases of human-to-human spread of swine flu viruses has been documented. From December 2005 through February 2009, a total of 12 human infections with swine influenza were reported from 10 states in the United States. Since March 2009, a number of confirmed human cases of a new strain of swine influenza A virus infection in California, Texas, and Mexico have been identified. April 25, 2009 19:30 EDT. 

Human cases of swine influenza A virus infection have been identified in the U.S. in San Diego County and Imperial County, California as well as in San Antonio, Texas. Internationally, human cases of swine influenza A virus infection have been identified in Mexico. See: World Health Organization Last Updated: As of April 25th, 2009 7:30 p.m. EDT. 

Investigations are ongoing to determine the source of the infection and whether additional people have been infected with similar swine influenza viruses. CDC is working very closely with state and local officials in California, Texas, as well as with health officials in Mexico, Canada and the World Health Organization. On April 24th, CDC deployed 7 epidemiologists to San Diego County, California and Imperial County, California and 1 senior medical officer to Texas to provide guidance and technical support for the ongoing epidemiologic field investigations. CDC has also deployed to Mexico 1 medical officer and 1 senior expert who are part of a global team that is responding to the outbreak of respiratory illnesses in Mexico. Influenza is thought to spread mainly person-to-person through coughing or sneezing of infected people. 

If you get sick, CDC recommends that you stay home from work or school and limit contact with others to keep from infecting them. 

Keywords: [“Swine”,”Influenza”,”infection”]
Source: http://mednews.com/swine-flu

We Pigs News for 07-08-2018

HEALTH OFFICIALS CAUTION HOOSIERS AFTER RESIDENT DEVELOPS FLU FOLLOWING EXPOSURE TO PIGS

HEALTH OFFICIALS CAUTION HOOSIERS AFTER RESIDENT DEVELOPS FLU FOLLOWING EXPOSURE TO PIGS. The Indiana State Department of Health and Indiana Board of Animal Health are urging Hoosiers to take steps to prevent illness while visiting events where pigs are exhibited following confirmation of a case of influenza in a resident with exposure to pigs. H3N2 variant influenza is most commonly associated with contact with pigs. The Indiana resident became ill after being exposed to pigs during a county fair that has since ended. Influenza viruses can be directly transmitted from pigs to people and from people to pigs. 

Human infections are most likely to occur when people are in close proximity to infected pigs, such as in barns and livestock exhibits at fairs. Hoosiers can protect themselves by taking the following steps:-Avoid eating, drinking, using tobacco or putting anything else in your mouth while in pig barns and show arenas. Avoid taking toys, pacifiers, cups, bottles, strollers or similar items into pig barns and show arenas. Wash hands often with soap and running water before and after attending pig exhibits. People at high risk for serious complications from the flu should avoid pigs and should not enter swine barns. 

Fair exhibitors are encouraged to watch pigs for signs of illness, such as loss of appetite, lethargy, fever, cough or runny nose. People who must come in contact with pigs that are exhibiting signs of illness should wash their hands frequently with soap and water and wear protective clothing, including gloves and masks that cover the mouth and nose. Anyone with recent exposure to pigs who experiences symptoms that include fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, fatigue, headaches and sometimes vomiting or diarrhea should contact a healthcare provider promptly. 

Keywords: [“pig”,”people”,”influenza”]
Source: https://www.wimsradio.com/2018/07/01/health-officials-caution…

PigmanTV

In the midst of his adolescence, non-indigenous pigs were quickly becoming a problem in Central Texas. Locals in the Mexia area distinctly recall the Brian Quaca they knew as a willing and able teen motivated to self-eradicating their oversize pest problem even from a young age. So the young man’s eagerness for hog-driven adrenaline rushes began as a delicacy compared to the deer and turkey hunts he had been used to. This was his specialty, and people acknowledged him because of it. His desire to find more efficient and accurate ways to handle the growing pig population eventually led him into a trade of a riflesmith. 

Fresh out of trade school, Brian Quaca quickly gained a reputation as a respectable riflesmith who could turn an average rifle on ranchland into a superior and deadly-accurate weapon capable of stopping any animal in its tracks. As he quickly approached a total rebuild count of 100 guns, his clients were captivated by the high-energy hunts he engaged himself in. It didn’t take long for a few return customers to request the rifle and the riflesmith on their next hunt. Guiding his clients in Texas on these monster hogs he spoke of, they witnessed first-hand the intensity Quaca possessed during his missions to capture or kill pigs at all costs including his own personal injury. It was a man willing to persevere as if each client would make or break him. 

His days as a part-time used car salesman and part-time riflesmith were quickly drawing to an end. As his notoriety as an individual and his reputation as an excellent marksman and archer grew, Pig Man began slowly easing his way into attracting high-profile clients to his private ranch in Groesbeck, TX. Triple-Q Outfitters was spawned as a result and continues to be his home base to this day. 

Keywords: [“Pig”,”Man”,”Quaca”]
Source: http://www.pigmantv.com/about

Several other countries are monitoring the health of their Satins as they too have noticed problems with the breed. Problems have been noted since the arrival of the variety in the UK in the 1980’s, now it has a name… The Satin Study is still in its infancy in the UK and will take time to reach any conclusions. Guineas with OD may sit in a hunched position on their hocks. Satin guinea pigs generally are said not to live as long as other varieties, though there are exceptions of course. 

Some breeders have noticed problems when breeding with satins. Some Satin sows have problems with birthing whilst others have none. It has become common practice to use a Satin carrier sow and Satin boar for breeding. The Satin variety of guinea pig has a polished ‘glass like’ sheen to its coat, quite different to that of other varieties. Satins with OD often have a high pitched squeak that disappears when they are made more comfortable. 

Symptoms usually begin when the guinea is a year to eighteen months old, but some show symptoms earlier, other later, The hind legs are usually affected, the growth of fibrous tissue causes an unsteady gait, commonly known as bunny hopping. If you have an x-ray of a Satin you would like to submit to the study please send to Karen at the address below. Diagnosis is by x-ray ,though a clear x-ray does not mean the guinea pig will not develop OD. Although OD should be considered when examining Satins other conditions must not be discounted- Do not be blinded by the Satin coat… A group of breeders and guinea pig enthusiasts are collecting x-rays to send to the Netherlands for analysis by a vet with experience of OD in guinea pigs. 

Keywords: [“Satin”,”guinea”,”x-ray”]
Source: http://www.gorgeousguineas.com/Instructions/SatinODLeaflet.pdf

We Pigs News for 06-09-2018

How guinea pigs taught me today’s exam stress is serious

A tiny progressing in a spring, as a vigour began to mountain forward of final exams, a comparison mentor during a Cambridge college where we am boss motionless to assistance soothe a highlight for some students by appropriation 4 guinea pigs to be fed, petted and generally adored. Since we are also deeply committed to biscuits, a fourth guinea pig was called Oreo. Students seem to unequivocally like a idea, utterly those who are blank pets during home. Cambridge colleges are not particularly animal-friendly; and roughly everybody during some indicate in their lives has found a pet soothing, calming and cheering. The subtext was glaringly obvious: they’ve got iPhones, they can select vegan food in a cafeteria, and now they wish bloody guinea pigs as well. 

What we know, as conduct of a college, is that self-harm, eating disorders, breakdowns and self-murder attempts – some, appallingly, successful – have turn common during many of a universities. We seem to be vital by an wholly nonessential and mostly purposeless generational war, that consists of baby boomers, and those a tiny younger, definitely unwell to know what is confronting millennials. We didn’t worry hugely about what category of grade we got, solely for a tiny minority who desperately wanted to go into a polite use or turn academics themselves, it didn’t seem to matter really much. We infrequently think: how brave we, who had it so easy, snarl with such self-regarding relief during today’s students, with debt piled on their backs like enormous rucksacks; who face a cruel and most some-more resourceful pursuit market, in that to destroy to get a initial can immediately bar we from a career we have always dreamed of; and who, even if they attain in those super-pressurised final year exams, have a vanishingly tiny possibility of owning their possess home until they are good into their 30s or beyond. If a small, soppy nose of a outspoken tiny guinea pig temperament a name of an iconic suffragette or a novelist of talent can play a partial in helping, we for one am gratified with a experiment. 

After 3 bustling and happy years as boss of a college, we have a unctuous guess that we am going to be remembered as a guinea pig lady. We usually wish we had named one of the guinea pigs Snowflake. 

Keywords: [“tiny”,”during”,”seem”]
Source: http://www.healthreload.com/how-guinea-pigs-taught-me-todays-exam-stress…

Standardized preparation for fecal microbiota transplantation in pigs

The intestine of pigs harbors a mass of microorganisms which are essential for intestinal homeostasis and host health. Intestinal microbial disorders induce enteric inflammation and metabolic dysfunction, thereby causing adverse effects on the growth and health of pigs. In the human medicine, fecal microbiota transplantation, which engrafts the fecal microbiota from a healthy donor into a patient recipient, has shown efficacy in intestinal microbiota restoration. Given that pigs share many similarities with humans, in terms of anatomy, nutritional physiology, and intestinal microbial compositions, FMT may also be used to restore the normal intestinal microbiota of pigs. Feasible procedures for performing FMT in pigs remains unclear. 

Here, we summarize a standardized preparation for FMT in pigs by combining the standard methodology for human FMT with pig production. The key issues include the donor selection, fecal material preparation, fecal material transfer, stool bank establishment, and the safety for porcine FMT. Optimal donors should be selected to ensure the efficacy of porcine FMT and reduce the risks of transmitting infectious diseases to recipients during FMT. Preparing for fresh fecal material is highly recommended. Frozen fecal suspension can also be prepared as an optimal choice because it is convenient and has similar efficacy. 

Oral administration of fecal suspension could be an optimal method for porcine fecal material transfer. The dilution ratio of fecal materials and the frequency of fecal material transfer could be adjusted according to practical situations in the pig industry. Future studies should also focus on providing more robust safety data on FMT to improve the safety and tolerability of the recipient pigs. This standardized preparation for porcine FMT can facilitate the development of microbial targeted therapies and improve the intestinal health of pigs. 

Keywords: [“pig”,”FMT”,”fecal”]
Source: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2018.01328

We Pigs News for 06-07-2018

Researchers at Pirbright, the University of Oxford and the National Institutes of Health, USA, have shown that pigs may be better candidates for flu vaccination trials as they best represent the human immune response. Researchers at the Pirbright Institute have collaborated with the University of Oxford and the National Institutes of Health, USA, to show that S-FLU, a candidate for universal flu vaccine, induces different immune responses in pigs compared to ferrets, increasing the possibility that ferrets may not give the whole picture and that pigs can more accurately represent the disease of human influence. The team also identified a type of T cell in pigs for the first time, which can quickly help fight respiratory infections. The research, published in the Journal of Immunology, showed that when pigs received the S-FLU aerosol vaccine, the newly identified T cells were activated when they were submitted to an influenza virus of a different strain. Pigs provide a model that is more similar in size, naturally infected with influenza viruses and with a very similar human respiratory system. 

The discovery of the T-cell activation group of memory resident in pigs brings them closer to an understanding of how influenza is fought in the lungs. Any micro pig owner knows how much pigs love their bedding. Pigs love to immerse in their bedding straw, so make sure they have enough to cover themselves which will help keep them warm during the bad weather. You shouldn’t need to use heat lamps or heat mats if you pigs home is watertight and weatherproof. If you set up any Christmas or holiday lights at your home make sure that any electrical cabling is out of your pet pigs reach. 

Peppa Pig’s GP visits copied by fans, says doctor – World News Hill. The family’s GP in the animation series, Dr Brown Bear, provides the Pigs with unparalleled medical help. 

Keywords: [“pig”,”heat”,”influenza”]
Source: http://www.wepigs.com/we-pigs-news-for-06-07-2018-2

We Pigs News for 06-08-2018

Pigs as universal flu vaccine models

Researchers from The Pirbright Institute collaborated with the University of Oxford and the National Institutes of Health, USA, to show that S-FLU, a universal flu vaccine candidate, induces different immune responses in pigs compared to ferrets, raising the possibility that the ferrets may not give the whole picture and that pigs may more faithfully represent human influenza disease. The team also identified a type of T cell in pigs for the first time, which are able to rapidly help fight respiratory infections. The S-FLU aerosol vaccine, developed by Alain Townsend at Oxford, is a weakened strain of flu virus which is designed to trigger a response from T cells that are able to react to multiple strains of flu. This differs from conventional flu vaccines which activate antibodies that only respond to the strain contained in the vaccine. The research, published in theJournal of Immunology, demonstrated that when pigs received the S-FLU aerosol vaccine, the newly identified T cells were activated when challenged with a flu virus of a different strain. 

Disease severity was also reduced, but the amount of virus remained the same. When S-FLU was administered to ferrets, the viral replication was reduced, as was the amount of virus that was transmitted to other animals. This striking difference in response to the exact same vaccine raises the question whether the ferret, an animal model that is considered gold standard for influenza research, provides results which are transferrable to humans. Pigs provide a model that is more similar in size, naturally infected by influenza viruses and with a very similar respiratory system to humans. The group’s discovery of tissue-resident memory T cell activation in pigs also brings them closer to understanding how influenza is combatted in the lung. 

The results also show that targeting the lower respiratory tract with aerosol vaccination in pigs may be more effective than other routes of immunization in preventing severe disease, which provides promising evidence that this method of vaccination could be successful in humans too. 

Keywords: [“pigs”,”vaccine”,”influenza”]
Source: http://www.pig-world.co.uk/news/pigs-as-universal-flu-vaccine-models.html

Health, Medicine and Natural Healing 08

Compelling and I haven’t been able to eat pork since. Reading the book because I didn’t want to find myself giving up any. Since many of the glandular-type supplements are derived from pigs, I. haven’t used them. So I’m. 

mostly still just using vegetarian products for digestion and adrenal. Not having any remarkable success, especially with the. Then I ran across the argument that pigs are routinely used in testing. As substitutes for people since their make-up is so similar. About that… 

we wouldn’t eat humans, but we do use human blood and. Once I’m mentally convinced that a. thing is unhealthy to eat, I become physically ill if I try to eat it,. It gives me just enough improvement to convince me I. need adrenal support, but not enough to actually feel any better. 

This is not something I can discuss with my family, since they already. Against, bovine sources, higher quality vegetarian sources…. anything. 

Keywords: [“eat”,”since”,”source”]
Source: https://www.remedyspot.com/content/topic/5615592-ot-pigs-vs-people

pigs – The Farm Barbie – Real Food for Health & Wellness

I will love you forever for donating and it will help me be able to keep doing what I’m doing. In order to support this blog, I may receive compensation or other commission for my endorsement, recommendation and/or link from my blog. This doesn’t cost you anything! It just helps me afford to keep this blog going. I am not a doctor and the statements on this blog are based on my own research, knowledge, and experiences. 

Please consult the appropriate professional before making any changes to your diet, health, or other applicable areas. 

Keywords: [“blog”,”doing”,”keep”]
Source: https://thefarmbarbie.com/pigs

The Pirbright Institute

Researchers from The Pirbright Institute collaborated with the University of Oxford and the National Institutes of Health, USA, to show that S-FLU, a universal flu vaccine candidate, induces different immune responses in pigs compared to ferrets, raising the possibility that the ferrets may not give the whole picture and that pigs may more faithfully represent human influenza disease. The team also identified a type of T cell in pigs for the first time, which are able to rapidly help fight respiratory infections. 

Keywords: [“pigs”,”ferrets”,”Institute”]
Source: https://www.pirbright.ac.uk/press-releases/2018/06/pigs-universal…

University of Maryland Extension

4-H members are expected to regularly attend club meetings. BREEDING CAVY. Registration papers must be in the individual 4-Hers name only! Cecil County Fair and Maryland State Fair ownership deadline June 1st of current year. Completed Maryland 4-H Animal Husbandry & Quality Assurance Program by July 1st of current year if 1st year in project or if 4-H age 8, 11 or 14 as of 1/1 of current year. 

Intermediates & Seniors-Part 1 and specific project species. 

Keywords: [“year”,”4-H”,”current”]
Source: https://extension.umd.edu/cecil-county/4-h-youth/cavyguinea-pig

Do pigs eat meat?-About Food & Health

They eat pretty much everything, and anything they can. WHATEVER gets in their way… They will but don’t let a pig get the taste of blood into it’s mouth. It can have damaging affects to the pigs personality as in….once they taste blood they want it again and can actually become very aggressive. 

Keywords: [“pig”,”eat”,”everything”]
Source: http://chineseop.com/others/Do-pigs-eat-meat-.html

Contact Us

For questions regarding orders please fill out form below. Or, if you prefer you can call 557-1627 9am to 5 pm mountain standard time. If you have questions about your pets health or about nutrition please contact Dr. David Sherwood. 

Keywords: [“please”,”questions”]
Source: http://sherwoodpethealth.com/contact-us

We Pigs News for 06-07-2018


The Secret Life of Drew; Guinea Pig Health Checks

Pigs as universal flu vaccine models

Researchers at Pirbright, the University of Oxford and the National Institutes of Health, USA, have shown that pigs may be better candidates for flu vaccination trials as they best represent the human immune response. Researchers at the Pirbright Institute have collaborated with the University of Oxford and the National Institutes of Health, USA, to show that S-FLU, a candidate for universal flu vaccine, induces different immune responses in pigs compared to ferrets, increasing the possibility that ferrets may not give the whole picture and that pigs can more accurately represent the disease of human influence. The team also identified a type of T cell in pigs for the first time, which can quickly help fight respiratory infections. The S-FLU aerosol vaccine, developed by Alain Townsend in Oxford, is a weakened strain of the influenza virus that is designed to trigger a response from T cells that are capable of reacting to multiple tensions of influence. This differs from conventional influenza vaccines that activate antibodies that only respond to the strain contained in the vaccine. 

The research, published in the Journal of Immunology, showed that when pigs received the S-FLU aerosol vaccine, the newly identified T cells were activated when they were submitted to an influenza virus of a different strain. The severity of the disease was also reduced, but the amount of virus remained the same. When S-FLU was given to ferrets, viral replication was reduced, as was the amount of virus that was transmitted to other animals. This surprising difference in response to the same vaccine raises the question of whether ferret, an animal model that is considered the gold standard for research on influenza, provides results that are transferable to humans. Pigs provide a model that is more similar in size, naturally infected with influenza viruses and with a very similar human respiratory system. 

The discovery of the T-cell activation group of memory resident in pigs brings them closer to an understanding of how influenza is fought in the lungs. The results also show that targeting the lower respiratory tract with vaccination against aerosols in pigs may be more effective than other immunization pathways in the prevention of serious diseases, which provides promising evidence that this method of vaccination could also be successful in humans. 

Keywords: [“pigs”,”vaccine”,”influenza”]
Source: https://uk.remonews.com/pigs-as-universal-flu-vaccine-models

Top 5 Winter Tips For Micro Pig Owners

Winters nearly here again so I thought id share some advice on how to care for your pig during the winter months. If you are lucky enough to own a pig house which is easily moved it might be worth repositioning the door so it’s out of the wind and less prone to the wind or draughts. Any micro pig owner knows how much pigs love their bedding. Pigs love to immerse in their bedding straw, so make sure they have enough to cover themselves which will help keep them warm during the bad weather. Deep muddy areas can make it hard for your pet pig to move and can also increase the chance of an injury. 

Make sure you check the entrances to your pig’s home as these areas are the area’s most likely to get muddy first. You shouldn’t need to use heat lamps or heat mats if you pigs home is watertight and weatherproof. Heat lamps and heat mats can be fire hazard if they are set up incorrectly; also the electrical heat lamps/mats also run the risk of electrocuting your pig if they chew through any cables. If you do insist on using, or your pig has access to heat lamps, fireplaces, portable heaters, etc make sure that these are guarded properly and correctly installed. If you set up any Christmas or holiday lights at your home make sure that any electrical cabling is out of your pet pigs reach. 

Your pig can still get dehydrated during the cold months so make sure a fresh supply of water is available. You can also throw a few brick and stones in the bottom to make it really sturdy and secure and prevent your pig from tipping it over. 

Keywords: [“pig”,”sure”,”need”]
Source: https://lancashiremicropigs.co.uk/health/top-5-winter-tips-for…

Peppa Pig’s GP visits copied by fans, says doctor – World News Hill

Peppa Pig has been named as public enemy number one in the fight to reduce unnecessary GP visits, by a doctor. Dr Catherine Bell, a GP and regular viewer of the cuddly character’s TV exploits, with her toddler, believes the Pig family’s inappropriate use of the doctor are copied by their fans. The family’s GP in the animation series, Dr Brown Bear, provides the Pigs with unparalleled medical help. Dr Bell says her cartoon equivalent’s work fuels unrealistic expectations. The usual advice for uncomplicated self-limiting illnesses such as coughs and colds is to stay at home and not see a doctor, while drinking plenty of fluids. 

Peppa and family receive home visits from Dr Brown for the slightest of conditions. If Dr Bell was given the chance to write the script for one episode, contact with Dr Brown would be unlikely to occur. Dr Bell is not the only person to think Peppa’s constant trips to the surgery have an impact in real life. She posted the idea on a Facebook group for doctors who are also mothers and lots of people said they could identify with her views. Entertainment One, the media group that owns Peppa Pig, was contacted for comment but did not want to respond. 

Keywords: [“Peppa”,”Bell”,”doctor”]
Source: https://www.worldnewshill.com/health/peppa-pigs-gp-visits-copied…

We Pigs News for 04-01-2018

Maria Mind Body Health

BABIES THRIVE IN KETOSIS. Breast milk is naturally very high in fat. Keto-adapted babies can efficiently turn ketone bodies into acetyl-coA and myelin. Ketosis helps babies develop and build their brains. Fats are a structural part of every human cell and are the preferred fuel source of the mitochondria, the energy-burning units of each cell. A fetus naturally uses ketones before and immediately after birth. In the early stages of pregnancy, there is an upsurge in body fat accumulation, which is connected to hyperphagia and increased lipogenesis. In the later stages of pregnancy, there is an accelerated breakdown of fat depots, which plays an important role in fetal development. The fetus uses fatty acids from the placenta as well as two other products, glycerol and ketone bodies. This transfer allows maternal ketone bodies to reach the fetus, where the ketones can be used as fuels for oxidative metabolism as well as lipogenic substrates. Full fat dairy is also filled with healthy cholesterol, but I do find some clients to be dairy sensitive. For those particular clients, I suggest finding other sources of saturated fats such as coconut oil and quality animal fats, seafood, egg yolks. 1 tsp Celtic sea salt.2 1/2 TBS apple cider vinegar3 egg whites7/8 cup BOILING water.

Keywords: [“fat”,”ketone”,”body”]
Source: http://mariamindbodyhealth.com/paleo-pigs-in-a-blanket

Welcome to Online Guinea Pig Care

This is a one stop resource for smart guinea pig owners to give you everything you need to know about basic guinea pig care. Ensuring your guinea pig is well looked after is vital to making sure they live a long time, and so at Online Guinea Pig Care you will find a wealth of articles and information about how to care for your guinea pig. There are many different blog posts about all kinds of subjects around Guinea pig care. Here we look at the different breeds of guinea pigs around the world. Here we look at where to go to get a guinea pig, making a choice, how many to have, quarantine, taking the guinea pig home and more. Here we look at the relationship that guinea pigs have with other animals, especially those that are also household pets. Looking at the best ways of feeding a guinea pig, different techniques, and things to use. Here we look at every possible food your guinea pig eat. We discuss its suitability, its tastiness for the guinea pig and whether it should be welcomed or avoided. Here we look at providing daily care for your guinea pig, weekly care, health, waste disposal, routine care, what to do in emergencies and more. My name is Chris, and I hope you enjoy this guinea pig blog. Online Guinea Pig Care is a site for all guinea pig owners to give help and support.

Keywords: [“guinea”,”pig”,”look”]
Source: http://www.onlineguineapigcare.com

North East Guinea Pig Rescue

Megazorb, is highly absorbent like wood shavings, but is safe for use with guinea pigs. It is made from wood pulp and is becoming a popular bedding for guinea pigs. Wood shavings were a popular choice of bedding and are still often recommended and used by pets shops. There is much research now on the risks of using wood shavings with any rodents or small animals. To demonstrate reasons for this try putting your face close to the top of an open bag of wood shavings and try breathing whilst a close distance from the wood shavings. The Cambridge Cavy Trust state that wood shavings are not suitable bedding for piggies. In fact wood shavings can lead to the premature death of your guinea pig. Even lighter woods are bad, as they are rough and hard and can hurt guinea pigs feet. HtmlResearch demonstrating the risks of using wood shavings:Scientific research has been carried out on the risks of wood shavings and has found the following:1. Wood shavings increase the incidents of respiratory problems, including pneumonia, in small rodents. Wood shavings contain toxins, specifically phenols which are poisonous to small rodents. Though liver disease is not commonly documented as a common cause of guinea pig deaths it could explain unexplained and sudden guinea pig deaths.

Keywords: [“wood”,”shavings”,”guinea”]
Source: http://www.northeastguineapigrescue.co.uk/bedding

Swine influenza: how to spot the disease and report it

Swine influenza is a disease of pigs caused by influenza viruses. Swine influenza is present in pigs in most countries around the world, including the UK. Pigs can carry many different types of the disease. Swine influenza should not be confused with either classical swine fever or African swine fever, which are different diseases. Swine influenza is not a notifiable disease but if you spot signs of this disease in animals you should contact your vet. Swine flu infection usually results in respiratory disease. The severity of the disease depends on the strain of virus involved and the age of the affected pigs. The disease can affect many pigs in a herd at the same time, but not all of them will show signs of illness. Pigs are unlikely to die from swine influenza, unless they are very young or have other infections. To get more information on swine influenza in humans read Public Health England’s guide. Preventing and controlling swine influenza Preventing swine influenza. Follow the influenza in pigs code of practice to reduce the risk of your animals getting infected and to minimise the spread of the disease. Some other viral and bacterial pig diseases may cause similar disease signs, so a laboratory diagnosis may be required to confirm swine flu.

Keywords: [“pig”,”Swine”,”influenza”]
Source: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/swine-influenza

We Pigs News for 03-18-2018

Guinea Pig Model for Evaluating the Potential Public Health Risk of Swine and Avian Influenza Viruses

We investigated the guinea pig as a mammalian model for the study of the replication and transmission characteristics of selected swine H1N1, H1N2, H3N2 and avian H9N2 influenza viruses, compared to those of pandemic 2009 and seasonal human H1N1, H3N2 influenza viruses. None of the swine and avian influenza viruses showed transmissibility among guinea pigs; in contrast, pandemic 2009 virus transmitted from infected guinea pigs to all animals and seasonal human influenza viruses could also horizontally transmit in guinea pigs. We propose that the guinea pig could serve as a useful mammalian model to evaluate the potential public health threat of swine and avian influenza viruses. Animal influenza viruses have repeatedly transmitted to humans with increasing genetic diversity, such as avian H5N1 and H9N2 influenza viruses, and swine H1N1, H1N2, H3N2 influenza viruses , , which served as an important reminder that another influenza pandemic is highly likely. Among these swine and avian influenza viruses, in addition to highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza viruses, many low pathogenic viruses are also high on the list of candidates that could potentially cause the next human pandemic. Thus far, influenza studies using the guinea pig model have been performed with 1918 pandemic , 2009 pandemic H1N1 , seasonal human H1N1 and H3N2 , , and avian H5N1 influenza viruses , , , but little is known about other swine and avian influenza virus infections, particularly those isolated in recent years. To evaluate the applicability of the guinea pig model for swine and avian influenza viruses, we describe the infectivity and transmissibility in guinea pigs of the subtypes of viruses that repeatedly transmit to humans compared with 2009 pandemic and human seasonal influenza viruses. The study indicated that, similar to human influenza viruses, all swine and avian influenza viruses used in this study replicated efficiently in the nasal passages of guinea pigs, with peak virus titers in nasal washings ranging from 104.4 to 106.6 EID50/mL. The virus titer of BJ/317/09 was lower than those of other pandemic 2009 virus reported previously , possibly due to strain specificity. All of these viruses could not be detected in tracheas and lungs on day 8 p.i. It is interesting that the European avian-like swine H1N1 and North American triple H1N2 viruses, that were proposed to be the progenitors of 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza viruses, both replicated more efficiently and distributed in more tissues than other swine influenza viruses, similar to the 2009 pandemic H1N1 virus. In the present study, we investigated the guinea pig as a mammalian model for the study of the replication and transmission characteristics of selected swine H1N1, H1N2, H3N2 and avian H9N2 influenza viruses. Our results showed that all the tested swine and avian influenza viruses replicated effectively in guinea pig nasal tracts without prior adaptation and the replication of these viruses was restricted to the respiratory system. The replication characteristics of swine and avian influenza viruses were similar to those of pandemic 2009 and seasonal human H1N1, H3N2 influenza viruses in addition to those of other influenza viruses reported by previous studies , ,. These studies show the utility of the guinea pig model for not only the evaluation of the transmissibility of pandemic influenza strains, human seasonal viruses and H5N1 influenza viruses, but could also be used for low pathogenic swine and avian influenza viruses to help recognize the strains that possess potential human-to-human transmission ability. In summary, we found the high susceptibility of guinea pigs to swine and avian influenza viruses, the correlation of transmissibility of these animal influenza viruses in guinea pigs with those in humans and the similar receptor distribution in the respiratory system of guinea pigs to those of humans. To investigate the replication of human, swine and avian influenza viruses in the guinea pig model, groups of 15 animals were anesthetized and inoculated intranasally with 106 EID50 of tested virus in a 300 µL volume.

Keywords: [“influenza”,”viruses”,”pig”]
Source: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0015537

Guinea pig

The domestic guinea pig or simply guinea pig, also known as cavy, is a species of rodent belonging to the family Caviidae and the genus Cavia. Spanish, Dutch, and English traders brought guinea pigs to Europe, where they quickly became popular as exotic pets among the upper classes and royalty, including Queen Elizabeth I. The earliest known written account of the guinea pig dates from 1547, in a description of the animal from Santo Domingo; because cavies are not native to Hispaniola, the animal was earlier believed to have been introduced there by Spanish travelers. The earliest known illustration of a domestic guinea pig is a painting in the collection of the National Portrait Gallery in London, dated to 1580, which shows a girl in typical Elizabethan dress holding a tortoise-shell guinea pig in her hands; she is flanked by her two brothers, one of whom holds a pet bird. The Japanese word for guinea pig is “モルモット”, which derives from the name of another mountain-dwelling rodent, the marmot; this is what guinea pigs were called by the Dutch traders who first brought them to Nagasaki in 1843. Guinea pigs learn to recognize and bond with other individual guinea pigs, and testing of boars shows their neuroendocrine stress response is significantly lowered in the presence of a bonded female when compared to the presence of unfamiliar females. Domestic guinea pigs generally live in cages, although some owners of large numbers of guinea pigs dedicate entire rooms to their pets. Housing of guinea pigs with other rodents such as gerbils and hamsters may increase instances of respiratory and other infections, and such rodents may act aggressively toward the guinea pig. Two major guinea pig allergens, Cav p I and Cav p II, have been identified in guinea pig fluids and guinea pig dander. In Ursula Dubosarsky’s Maisie and the Pinny Gig, a little girl has a recurrent dream about a giant guinea pig, while guinea pigs feature significantly in several of Dubosarsky’s other books, including the young adult novel The White Guinea Pig and The Game of the Goose. A guinea pig named Rodney, voiced by Chris Rock, was a prominent character in the 1998 film Dr. Dolittle, and Linny the Guinea pig is a co-star on Nick Jr.’s Wonder Pets. The Blockbuster campaign is considered by some guinea pig advocates to have been a factor in the rise of caging guinea pigs and rabbits together. The use of guinea pigs in scientific experimentation dates back at least to the 17th century, when the Italian biologists Marcello Malpighi and Carlo Fracassati conducted vivisections of guinea pigs in their examinations of anatomic structures. From the accidental discovery in 1907 that scurvy could be induced in guinea pigs, to their use to prove the chemical structure of the “Ascorbutic factor” in 1932, the guinea pig model proved a crucial part of vitamin C research. Peruvians consume an estimated 65 million guinea pigs each year, and the animal is so entrenched in the culture that one famous painting of the Last Supper in the main cathedral in Cusco shows Christ and the 12 disciples dining on guinea pig. The exact form the jaca tsariy takes differs from town to town; in some localities, a sirvinti is appointed to go from door to door, collecting donations of guinea pigs, while in others, guinea pigs may be brought to a communal area to be released in a mock bullfight.

Keywords: [“pig”,”guinea”,”animal”]
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guinea_pig

We Pigs News for 01-14-2018

Guinea Pig Health Checks/Nail Trims-All 13 of them!

Swine influenza

Swine influenza is an infection caused by any one of several types of swine influenza viruses. Swine influenza virus or swine-origin influenza virus is any strain of the influenza family of viruses that is endemic in pigs. As of 2009, the known SIV strains include influenza C and the subtypes of influenza A known as H1N1, H1N2, H2N1, H3N1, H3N2, and H2N3. The Swine flu was initially seen in humans in Mexico in 2009, where the strand of the particular virus was a marriage of 3 types of strands. Because these symptoms are not specific to swine flu, a differential diagnosis of probable swine flu requires not only symptoms, but also a high likelihood of swine flu due to the person’s recent and past medical history. During the 2009 swine flu outbreak in the United States, the CDC advised physicians to “Consider swine influenza infection in the differential diagnosis of patients with acute febrile respiratory illness who have either been in contact with persons with confirmed swine flu, or who were in one of the five U.S. states that have reported swine flu cases or in Mexico during the seven days preceding their illness onset.” A diagnosis of confirmed swine flu requires laboratory testing of a respiratory sample. Transmission of influenza from swine to humans who work with swine was documented in a small surveillance study performed in 2004 at the University of Iowa. Within influenza A and influenza C, the strains found in pigs and humans are largely distinct, although because of reassortment there have been transfers of genes among strains crossing swine, avian, and human species boundaries. Swine influenza is caused by influenza A subtypes H1N1, H1N2, H2N3, H3N1, and H3N2. In pigs, four influenza A virus subtypes are the most common strains worldwide. Swine can be infected by both avian and human flu strains of influenza, and therefore are hosts where the antigenic shifts can occur that create new influenza strains. For the following 60 years, swine influenza strains were almost exclusively H1N1. Then, between 1997 and 2002, new strains of three different subtypes and five different genotypes emerged as causes of influenza among pigs in North America. These strains, which include genes derived by reassortment from human, swine and avian viruses, have become a major cause of swine influenza in North America. The 1918 flu pandemic in humans was associated with H1N1 and influenza appearing in pigs; this may reflect a zoonosis either from swine to humans, or from humans to swine. There were seven cases of Swine flu reported in Punjab province of Pakistan mainly in the city of Multan in January 2016.Cases of Swine Flu have also been reported in Lahore. Around 1918, the ancestral virus, of avian origin, crossed the species boundaries and infected humans as human H1N1. The same phenomenon took place soon after in America, where the human virus was infecting pigs; it led to the emergence of the H1N1 swine strain, which later became the classic swine flu. Around 1979, the avian H1N1 strain infected pigs and gave rise to Euroasiatic swine flu and H1N1 Euroasiatic swine virus, which is still being transmitted in swine populations.

Keywords: [“Swine”,”influenza”,”flu”]
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swine_influenza

Guinea Pig Care & Health

There are over 40 different breeds of guinea pig recognised by the British Cavy Council and these include many different colours, coat types and coat lengths so there is definitely a guinea pig to suit everyone. Guinea pigs live on average for 4-8 years and owning them is very rewarding, but it is also a big responsibility and commitment in terms of care and finances, so please think about this before you buy your guinea pigs. Guinea pigs have certainly been around people for a very long time and have played an important role in the culture of many indigenous groups in South America, not only as a food source but also in medicine and in religious ceremonies; statues of guinea pigs that date from around 500 BC to 500 AD have been found in Peru and it is believed some of the ancient Peruvian tribes depicted the guinea pig in their art. The guinea pigs that we now keep as pets are descendants of wild guinea pigs found in the Andes that were introduced to Europe in the 16th century. No one knows exactly where the name Guinea Pig came from, but in the 16th century traders brought guinea pigs over from South America to Europe and it is possible that they stopped at Guiana on their journey, which may have led to people thinking this is where they came from. A nutritious diet of good quality hay, a varied supply of fresh veggies and fruit and small amounts of dry pellet food that is specially designed for guinea pigs should be enough to maintain a healthy intake of Vitamin C. Good sources of vitamin C for Guinea pigs are red and green bell peppers, Parsley, Broccoli and Curly Kale; although there are foods that have higher Vitamin C content than these, such as cabbage, spinach, beetroot greens, oranges, kiwis & grapefruit, these need to be fed sparingly due to high calcium content or acidity. Guinea pigs are ‘prey’ animals and are genetically programmed to always be on the lookout for and run away from danger, which can mean that it may take a little while for your guinea pig to learn to trust you. Hold out your hand and keep it still so that your guinea pig can choose whether or not to approach you or stay away – don’t force them to be stroked. Offer really tasty, small pieces of veg or fruit and hand feed your guinea pig so that he or she learns that your presence is a positive thing. Don’t pick your guinea pig up if you don’t have too, they are so much happier with all four paws on the ground! Instead sit on the floor and encourage your guinea pig onto your lap for strokes and cuddles using food. If you do need to pick up your guinea pig, always do it by placing one hand under the chest and use the other to support their hind quarters – always make sure you have a firm hold of your guinea pig while you are holding them, as falling from a height can injure them. Traditionally Guinea pigs have always been kept in hutches in the garden, however guinea pigs are just as happy when kept indoors. Fleece/Vetbed/Towels – commonly used for indoor guinea pigs This keeps guinea pigs dry and is soft on their feet also. Daily Health Care Bottom – Guinea pigs normally pass faecal pellets as well as the softer caecotrophs which they eat. Rodents with attitude – a very informative guinea pig site and forum.

Keywords: [“guinea”,”pig”,”problem”]
Source: https://castle-vets.co.uk/guinea-pig-care-health