Guinea Pig Health News for November 04 2017

Handling tools z z z Snare – used for market weight and larger hogs Mouth speculum – used to keep the moth open for administration of medicines or oral examination Chutes – Loading, transportation Moving Hogs z z z Always remember pigs will move away from walls toward openings. Pigs will refuse to move if the place you wish them to go is dark Moving Hogs z z z z Lighting should be bright, but even. In a socially-stable pen, which is the desired environment, each pig has a stable social relationship with each other pig Housing z z z Housing system must provide conditions conducive to comfort, good health, growth and performance at all stages of the pig’s life. Temperature at pig level may differ several degrees from that at higher levels, where it is commonly measured. Housing Pigs – main objectives z z Create a true micro-environment inch backboard or sheet insulation beneath the sheet metal roofing prevents condensation 8 ft An Example 5ft 4ft 5ft 12-16 ft Front View Side View Ventilation z z z Protect pigs of all ages from draughts. Protection is extremely important for piglets up to 2 weeks of age, newly weaned pigs and sick/injured pigs. The effects of dust on the health of pigs are not well documented nor are the ways of reducing dust levels in the room. Temperature Control During Frost/freezes z z z Provide insulation against draughts Provide bedding Consider installing warm bulbs Effects of heat stress z z Pigs try to minimize the effects of heat stress by an increase in heat dissipation and A reduction in heat produced from body metabolism Effects of heat stress z z z Increase heat dissipation by increasing respiration rate. Pigs reduce their metabolic heat production by eating less feed. Voluntary reduction in feed intake by the pig is an effort to lower the heat increment of feeding and thereby decreases the amount of heat that will need to be dissipated into the environment. Pigs should be fed daily, using a diet that meets the basic nutritional needs of given categories of pigs as currently defined the National Research Council. Rehydrate, administer antibiotics and keep comfortable Whipworms, Roundworms, stomach worms z z z Worms consume valuable nutrients and starve pigs of food and energy Infected animals go off food, develop anemia and may die RX – an effective parasite control program Waste Management z z z The goal of sustainable waste management is to enhance on-farm nutrient cycling and to protect the environment from pollutants.

Health Care Organizational Ethics: Guinea-Pig Ethics

Carl Elliott’s excellent article on “Guinea-Pigging” in the forthcoming January 7 New Yorker educated me about a topic I should have known about already – the inner workings of pharmaceutical contract research organizations. Over the past decade, pharmaceutical companies have increasingly outsourced the conduct of clinical trials to contract research organizations. The largest 10 firms enrolled more then 640,000 subjects in trials in 2004. “Guinea-Pigging” is the insider term for the job of research subject in a CRO project. This isn’t volunteering from altruistic motives as patients of mine with HIV and cancer have done to contribute to scientific progress in an area they care about. A guinea pig for a sleep study described the work as a form of prostitution – “I would sell my body not to slobbering johns who assail the street whore with their unkempt organs, but to slick, white coated neuropsychologists who use thrice sterilized catheters, electrodesand invasive thermometers to get what they want.” Readers who, like me, do not yet know in any detail about the recruitment of healthy subjects for CRO studies can visit Guinea Pig Zero, defined as a “Jobzine for people who are used as medical or pharmaceutical research subjects.” And websites for large CROs, such as Pharmaceutical Product Development, Charles River Laboratories, and Covance. CROs are at the heart of the development of new treatments, but they have largely been under the radar in terms of recognizing just how important they have become. Subject recruitment is becoming a worldwide industry. I look forward to learning more about the area in the next few months. We owe Carl Elliott thanks for bringing questions about the ethics of the role – safety, compensation, and non-exploitation, to the fore.

Guinea pig care

NEVER house a guinea pig with a rabbit! Guinea pigs need to talk to other guinea pigs, not rabbits! Often, guinea pigs are just bought as friends to ‘play with’ for a rabbit. We once had a lady come to the door whilst the guinea pigs were in the run and tell us that she had once made the mistake of housing a guinea pig and rabbit together. Rushing to the vets, an x-ray revealed every bone in the guinea pigs body broken, and the guinea pig was put to sleep. Loo rolls, mineral licks, tubes and chewtoys will all keep your piggies entertained, but remember that like humans, each guinea pig has its own favourites! FeedingGuinea pigs should be fed every day roughly 80g of pellet food per guinea pig, and an unlimited supply of hay. A guinea pig should weigh roughly 1000g, but 800-1400g is normal- any less or more and you’ll have to fatten or put your piggie on a diet. To pick up a guinea pig, put one hand on its back to stop it struggling, and slide the other under its belly, and poke one finger inder its chin so its front paws are either side of your fingers. WeightA guinea pigs weight is a key way to check on your guinea pigs health, and should be monitered closely. 2) Add a suitable guinea pig sized box, and add some distractions Add the box to the scales and reset so that the weight of the box isn’t added to the weight of the guinea pig. 3) Add a guinea pig! Make sure the guinea pig is settled happily in the box before you set it on the scales, because if it wiggles too much the box will fall. Abcesses- Hard lump on your guinea pig, most commonly on the rump. No guinea pig owner has never not experienced mites once in a while, so don’t panic if your piggie gets them!! Mange mites, lice or mites are all very common, and can be caught from bad bedding or other animals.

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