Guinea Pig Care & Health
There are over 40 different breeds of guinea pig recognised by the British Cavy Council and these include many different colours, coat types and coat lengths so there is definitely a guinea pig to suit everyone. Guinea pigs live on average for 4-8 years and owning them is very rewarding, but it is also a big responsibility and commitment in terms of care and finances, so please think about this before you buy your guinea pigs. Guinea pigs have certainly been around people for a very long time and have played an important role in the culture of many indigenous groups in South America, not only as a food source but also in medicine and in religious ceremonies; statues of guinea pigs that date from around 500 BC to 500 AD have been found in Peru and it is believed some of the ancient Peruvian tribes depicted the guinea pig in their art. The guinea pigs that we now keep as pets are descendants of wild guinea pigs found in the Andes that were introduced to Europe in the 16th century. No one knows exactly where the name Guinea Pig came from, but in the 16th century traders brought guinea pigs over from South America to Europe and it is possible that they stopped at Guiana on their journey, which may have led to people thinking this is where they came from. A nutritious diet of good quality hay, a varied supply of fresh veggies and fruit and small amounts of dry pellet food that is specially designed for guinea pigs should be enough to maintain a healthy intake of Vitamin C. Good sources of vitamin C for Guinea pigs are red and green bell peppers, Parsley, Broccoli and Curly Kale; although there are foods that have higher Vitamin C content than these, such as cabbage, spinach, beetroot greens, oranges, kiwis & grapefruit, these need to be fed sparingly due to high calcium content or acidity. Guinea pigs are ‘prey’ animals and are genetically programmed to always be on the lookout for and run away from danger, which can mean that it may take a little while for your guinea pig to learn to trust you. Don’t pick your guinea pig up if you don’t have too, they are so much happier with all four paws on the ground! Instead sit on the floor and encourage your guinea pig onto your lap for strokes and cuddles using food. If you do need to pick up your guinea pig, always do it by placing one hand under the chest and use the other to support their hind quarters – always make sure you have a firm hold of your guinea pig while you are holding them, as falling from a height can injure them. Traditionally Guinea pigs have always been kept in hutches in the garden, however guinea pigs are just as happy when kept indoors. Fleece/Vetbed/Towels – commonly used for indoor guinea pigs This keeps guinea pigs dry and is soft on their feet also. Daily Health Care Bottom – Guinea pigs normally pass faecal pellets as well as the softer caecotrophs which they eat.
A Comprehensive Glimpse about Guinea Pig Life Span
Guinea Pig Life Span – One of the most essential aspects that pet owners need to take into consideration is the normal life span of the specie they are going to choose. As far as guinea pig life span is concerned, they are not the same as traditional domesticated type of pets such as dogs and cats. Guinea pig life span may last four around four up to five years or even more while hamsters and mice can only live for a couple of years. Longer life span of guinea pigs manifest longer commitment and responsibility particularly if you really wanted to let your guinea pig lives healthy and happy life. According to School Veterinary Medicine website of University of Pennsylvania, the duration of the guinea pig life span relies on the extent of love and care they are receiving that comes from their owner. Despite of the fact that the average expected guinea pig life span is about five up to seven years, there are still some other breeds and species of this animal which may luckily survived for fourteen years or even more. If you wanted to spend time with your guinea pigs for longer span of time, then you may choose to have a kind of guinea that exceeds normal guinea pig life span. Does the lifespan of guinea pigs depend on their kind – a common question of those people who are not aware of the best type of guinea pigs they are going to choose? Well, the lifespan of a guinea pig doesn’t necessarily depend on their kind; it’s more on their vulnerability. Despite of the fact that breed is not an essential factor in guinea pig life span, still you need to take it into consideration before you finally choose one. Hairless guinea pig may offer higher average of life span from seven up to eight years when compared to other kinds. Apart from the food, there are also other things you need to consider when it comes to guinea pig life span and that includes some health issues. If there are two guinea pigs in one cage, the death of one will let the surviving one extremely lonely and sad. Bringing inside the cage a New Guinea pig as a replacement will be an essential thing to do but you need to allow the remaining guinea to grieve from their loss.
Guinea Pig Facts
They bred them as pets and for food and offered them as sacrifices to their gods, according to Sharon Lynn Vanderlip, author of “The Guinea Pig Handbook”. No one is really sure where the name Guinea pig came from. The name may come from the price of a Guinea pig in 16th-century England: 1 guinea. According to ADW, there are 13 commonly recognized types or breeds of guinea pig: American, American satin, Abyssinian, Abyssinian satin, Peruvian, Peruvian satin, silkie, silkie satin, teddy, teddy satin, texel, coronet and the white crested. While domesticated Guinea pigs are no longer found in the wild, they do have some cousins, also called Guinea pigs, in South America that live in forests, savannas, mountainous grasslands and bushy areas. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, the Brazilian Guinea pig is found in Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Bolivia, northern Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay. The Moleques do Sul Guinea pig is from Moleques Island do Sul, a 25-acre island in Santa Catarina, Brazil. The shiny Guinea pig is found in coastal areas of southeastern Brazil. The greater Guinea pig occurs in southern Brazil and Uruguay. The Montane Guinea pig ranges from northwestern Argentina and northern Chile to Peru. Typically, domesticated Guinea pigs eat processed pellets made from alfalfa hay or timothy hay and vitamins and minerals that Guinea pigs need to be healthy. Genus: Cavia Species: Cavia aperea; Cavia fulgida; Cavia intermedia; Cavia magna; Cavia porcellus(domesticated Guinea pig); Cavia tschudii.
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