We Pigs News for 06-30-2018

How to Care for Guinea Pigs

The average life expectancy for a guinea pig is around four to eight years. To help your guinea pig live a long and healthy life make sure he gets plenty of good-quality hay for all that excellent calcium and to keep those teeth trimmed down. Good question! To turn it on its head, female guinea pigs very easily get pregnant and can do so from as young as four to six weeks of age, and remain reproductively active their whole life. Guinea pigs are strict herbivores and should never be given meat. 

Do not give a guinea pig human foods such as chocolate and biscuits. Always act quiet around the guinea pig, avoid sudden movements, and always speak in a reassuring voice. Avoid carrying your guinea pig in your arms as they dislike being off the ground. You will need a safe, spacious area for the guinea pig to live. Guinea pigs develop a dewlap as they age: soft, loose skin under the chin. 

Guinea pigs are happiest when they have at least one other guinea pig to socialize with. Exercise wheels and balls shouldn’t be bought, as they aren’t designed for guinea pigs and can hurt their backs. Don’t use any wooden toys that splinter, remove all labels and tags from the new toy, and ensure it is safe to chew on, as guinea pigs tend to chew on just about anything! 

Keywords: [“guinea”,”pig”,”female”]
Source: https://www.wikihow.pet/Care-for-Guinea-Pigs

How to Clean your Guinea Pig Cage

One of the nice things about the Cubes and Coroplast cage is the ease of cleaning. Or, you could give them floor time during cage cleaning time. Or, you could remove them to a temporary bin during cage cleaning time. Or you could give them to another household member for lap-time during cage cleaning time. Toss the bedding in the garbage, or your compost heap if you are using appropriate bedding, or spread on your garden, or put in your green recycle bin. 

If you use bleach, use only a maximum of 10% bleach and 90% water and rinse VERY WELL. If you are using the proper amount of bedding in your cage and changing it often enough, you should rarely have even damp spots on the bottom of your cage. If you do, you need to clean or spot clean more frequently or add more bedding or change the type of bedding you are using. Generally, the dirtiest part of the cage should be on the sides. Ideally, you should give the pigs floor time while you are cleaning their cage. 

We must present a model of cavy care and our home must never ever smell like a cage or a barn. Some people use towels in a portion of a large Cubes and Coroplast cage and regular bedding on one end. Please see the Bedding page for more bedding ideas and suggestions. 

Keywords: [“cage”,”bedding”,”clean”]
Source: http://www.guineapigcages.com/cleaning.htm

The Lowdown on Guinea Pig Poop

If you’re thinking of getting a guinea pig for the first time, you probably want to know how much poop a guinea pig makes in a day. If you already own a guinea pig, you might want to know more about this coprophagia behavior you might have observed your guinea pig doing. For those who are curious, I’ve had both guinea pigs and rabbits, and I don’t think guinea pigs produce nearly as much poop as rabbits do. Some people clean a cage once a week for a single guinea pig, but that’s too much poop for me, so I prefer every 3-4 days. If a guinea pig has impacted stool, he needs a vet to manually get up in there and extract the poop. 

Guinea pigs are vulnerable to stress, and changes in environment are a stressor to some guinea pigs. As a general rule, guinea pig poop is safe to be around. Some people have successfully trained their guinea pig to poop in a litter box, although it’s often not a 100%-of-the-time behavior. Guinea pig poop makes a great fertilizer and can be used in compost bins and piles, as well. You can also use guinea pig poop to make a liquid fertilizer. 

Put your guinea pig poop in a bucket or can, then add water in a 2:1 ratio. There’s a town in Peru called Pachacama where they use guinea pig poop to make energy. 

Keywords: [“Guinea”,”pig”,”poop”]
Source: https://abyssinianguineapigtips.com/guinea-pig-poop

When The Pig Stops Eating

Several times a week we get a call or an E-Mail talking about the pig that has quit eating. A healthy pig loves to eat! That is the rule they live by. Sometimes it’s a big problem, sometimes a small one, but it is the first indication to you that all is not right with that pig. Pneumonia: The most common problem we have seen is pneumonia: Pig will stop eating and will run a fever usually in the 102 range at the beginning and can increase quickly if untreated. 

Common pig pneumonia usually shows no symptoms other than the pig refusing to eat and running a fever. Giving a pig with a blockage a laxative can cause major damage to the pig. Pain: A pig that is in extreme pain from an injury or illness will not eat. The pig shows no symptoms at all until they quit eating. There is no fever and no symptoms beyond the pig refusing to eat. 

The problem we seem to be seeing with these last two major problems is reluctance by some vets to open the pig up. It is not normal for a pig to go without eating for long periods of time!! Our thinking on this subject is if nothing stands out on any tests and this pig is still not eating than its time to take it to the next step and find out why. 

Keywords: [“pig”,”eat”,”problem”]
Source: http://www.pigpalssanctuary.com/health/stops_eating.htm

We Pigs News for 06-30-2018

Cancers and Tumors in Guinea Pigs

Tumors are the result of an abnormal multiplication of body cells, resulting in a growth, or lump of tissue, which may be benign. Most types of cancer are not common in guinea pigs until they are four to five years old. Between one-sixth and one-third of guinea pigs are known to develop a tumor. Guinea pigs that have been inter-bred are more prone to tumor and cancer development. Treatment, if recommended, will depend on the type and location of the tumor or cancer. 

While the outcome for benign skin tumors is generally good, the general outcome for some cancers of the blood is poor and affected guinea pigs often live for only a few weeks after diagnosis. As far as benign skin tumors, trichoepitheliomas are some of the most common occuring in guinea pigs, especially younger guinea pigs, often forming at the base of the tail. Younger guinea pigs may also develop skin tumors or leukemia, which is cancer of blood cells. Tumors are caused by an abnormal multiplication of body cells. Certain guinea pigs are genetically predisposed to this abnormality. 

You will need to give a thorough history of your guinea pig’s health and onset of symptoms, along with as much family history as you have available to you. Based on the location, some tumors are more easily diagnosed when the growths can be seen and palpated externally. 

Keywords: [“tumor”,”pigs”,”guinea”]
Source: https://www.petmd.com/exotic/conditions/skin/c_ex_gp_cancers_tumors

Improving pig gut health and performance

Fulfilling the needs of pigs and protecting them from diseases through management and nutrition are key towards reaching the maximum genetic potential of pigs, decreasing costs. Good management and nutrition are also the prerequisites to farming success especially during tough times. Preventive actions are minor investments compared to the high costs of specific diseases. Body defenses are complex systems that must be supported with vaccinations. These defenses must also be protected from toxins that weaken. 

The right nutrition in turn favors the establishment of a healthy gut. Seventy percent of circulating antibodies originate from the gut. A number of pathogens are able to decrease immunity through indirect and direct action. Some antibiotics and most mycotoxins decrease immunity and cause sub-clinical illnesses that always result in performance losses. A well-known consequence of immune depression by mycotoxins is the activation of chronic processes. 

A healthy gut decreases immune stimulation, thereby avoiding any unnecessary waste of energy and proteins, while raising the animal’s readiness to respond to real and specific disease challenges. A leaking gut is also the consequence of some mycotoxins leading to debilitation of the gut wall barrier against toxins and bacteria. 

Keywords: [“gut”,”pig”,”disease”]
Source: http://www.biomin.net/en/species/pigs/gut-health-management

Fungal

Fungal is often confused with mange mite infections, as it also causes hair loss and scratching, however differentiating between the two is essential and treatment is different. Guinea pigs who are stressed, sick or elderly are also prone to fungal infections. When pulling loose hairs from a guinea pig with fungal, the dandruff-like skin will be visible at the end of the hairs where they were attached to the skin. Once hair-covered areas are effected, hair loss is imminent and can occur slowly or quickly. Fungal is most commonly found on the nose, ears, paws and backs of guinea pigs. 

If caught in the early stages, a combination of coconut oil and paw paw ointment offers a cheap, effective treatment on ears, nose and feet. Once the fungal is more severe or has spread, a combination of coconut oil and Betadine twice daily is often used successfully to combat the dry skin and itchiness. Bathing guinea pigs twice a week in Malaseb shampoo can also help to combat fungal. Once large portions of the body are effected and the areas are not healing with other treatments or your guinea pig is in pain, treatment from the vet with a prescription cream is necessary. Sterilising the cage and washing material bedding is also important for removing fungal infections. 

Keywords: [“Fungal”,”skin”,”guinea”]
Source: http://www.qldguineapigrefuge.com.au/fungal.html

Guinea Pig Care Sheet & Guide

Before you bring your new guinea pig home, make sure the habitat is stocked with toys and treats. Your new guinea pig will be delighted if the habitat is in a calm, secluded spot away from larger pets. Guinea pigs love a good cuddle but on the first day home, give your guinea pig time to settle in. Shop cages Shop water bottles Shop food bowls Shop hay Shop hay racks Shop chew toys Shop bedding Feeding your guinea pig You’re going to want hay- lots of hay! It’s your new guinea pig’s favorite food, and they thrive on a variety of it. 

Every day, fill your guinea pigs’ food bowl with fresh hay. A healthy guinea pig diet is about 20% vegetables and 5% fruit. Your guinea pig will love all the food you offer, but if sits in their bowl for more than four hours, it’s time to take it away. Shop food bowls Shop hay Shop vitamin C supplements Playing & grooming Guinea pigs love to forage. Always keep a watchful eye on guinea pigs playing outside their enclosure. 

Shop habitats Shop small animal playpens Keeping your guinea pig healthy Little critters need checkups just like any other family pets. Take your guinea pig to a vet a few days after coming home, then schedule check ups once a year. Take your guinea pig for a check-up if it displays any of these symptoms,. 

Keywords: [“pig”,”guinea”,”Shop”]
Source: https://www.petsmart.com/…/caring-for-your-guinea-pig/A0093.html

We Pigs News for 06-29-2018

Healthy guinea pig takes care of a sick guinea pig.

Sugar Mountain Farm

Amy asked:We currently raise our pigs out on rotated pasture in the pacific Northwest. We have a local friend who mixes feed for us – its barley, wheat and peas with a mineral mix. We were allowing the pigs to self feed but I was told the boars and sows would get to0 big so we switched to hand feeding them. We will have 5 Jersey cows in milk this Spring so we hope to cut back on the grain and mainly feed milk and hay. Nine month old pigs who looked like they were five months old based on size. 

He lost money on cheap feed twice over – once paying for the feed and twice with the loss of growing time in the pigs. In fruit’s case there is a lot to digest for the animal but in grain’s case unless the animal chews their food well or has some other way of pulping the grains they will just pass on through into the animal’s manure piles. Pig’s don’t chew much so they are not good candidates for feeding hard grains whole. Ask the person you’re having mix the feed if they balanced the proteins. My recommendation would be that if you’re going to feed candy then do so in the evening. 

Have the pigs eat pasture/hay and dairy all day long and then give them dessert at the end of the day. In terms of transitioning from the grain to the pasture/hay and dairy I would suggest a two to three week period where you soak the grains in the milk to create something that is similar to what their digestive tract is used to while introducing the new feed. 

Keywords: [“feed”,”pigs”,”grain”]
Source: http://sugarmtnfarm.com/2012/03/09/feeding-barley

Human-pig ‘chimera embryos’ detailed

Embryos that are less than 0.001% human – and the rest pig – have been made and analysed by scientists. It is the first proof chimeras – named after the mythical lion-goat-serpent monster – can be made by combining material from humans and animals. The scientific report in the journal Cell shows the process is challenging and the aim of growing human organs in animals is distant. To create a chimera, human stem cells – the type that can develop into any tissue – are injected into a pig embryo. The embryo – now a mix of human and pig – is then implanted into a sow for up to one month. 

The process appears very inefficient – of the 2,075 embryos implanted only 186 continued to develop up to the 28-day stage. Crucially there were signs that human cells were functioning – albeit as a tiny fraction of the total tissue – as part of a human-pig chimera. Understanding the earliest stages of human embryo development. There was no evidence that human cells were integrating into the early form of brain tissue. Mouse stem cells were injected in the deficient rat embryos, promptly took advantage of the missing pancreas and grew a mouse one there instead. 

This was then transplanted back into mice to treat diabetes. The work to try this in humans and pigs is already under way. Although in the long term cows look likely to be a better host for human organs as both cow and human pregnancies last about nine months. 

Keywords: [“human”,”Cell”,”embryo”]
Source: https://www.bbc.com/news/health-38717930

Pigs for Peace

Social interaction in the aftermath of conflict-related trauma experiences among women in Walungu Territory, DRC The aim of this study was to understand the relative contribution of posttraumatic stress disorder- and non-PTSD-associated reductions in social interaction among a group of adult Congolese women who have experienced multiple and different traumatic events and are participating in a village livestock microfinance programme. Visit the website Risk for Family Rejection and Associated Mental Health Outcomes Among Conflict-Affected Adult Women Living in Rural Eastern DRC Stigma due to sexual violence includes family rejection, a complex outcome including economic, behavioral, and physical components. We explored the relationship among conflict-related trauma, family rejection, and mental health in adult women living in rural eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, who participate in a livestock-based microfinance program, Pigs for Peace. Visit the website Livestock/Animal Assets Buffer the Impact of Conflict-Related Traumatic Events on Mental Health Symptoms for Rural Women In the context of multiple adversities, women are demonstrating resilience in rebuilding their futures, through participation in microfinance programs. In addition to the economic benefits of microfinance, there is evidence to suggest that it is an effective vehicle for improving health. 

Keywords: [“women”,”among”,”Health”]
Source: http://pigsforpeace.org

Guinea Pig Chew Toys and Nibblers

Unlike human teeth, your guinea pigs’ teeth keep growing throughout their lives. To keep them at a manageable length, guinea pigs need to regularly wear them down by chewing, biting and grinding rough objects. Guinea pig chew toys are specifically designed to help your cavies do this. Most are brightly coloured, but your cavy won’t care as long as their chew does the job. Chew toys made from natural materials are best, providing fun and helping to keep your guinea pigs’ teeth short and healthy. 

There are a few chew toys which are made from plastic, or at least contain plastic parts. Guinea pigs are resourceful creatures, and will use any objects they can to help keep their teeth short. Guinea pigs will chew on almost anything, like this wooden house, to keep their teeth short. Because these items are more expensive than a chew, it can be annoying when your guinea pigs eat their way through them. Placing a cheaper, disposable chew in their cage may encourage them to use that instead, but ultimately your pets will use whatever works best, and if that’s their house then you’ll just have to put up with it! 

A natural, free alternative to buying a chew toy is to give your pets a simple twig from a fruit tree, such as an apple or pear tree. As well as helping maintain your guinea pigs’ dental health, they also taste great, so your pigs will really enjoy munching on them. 

Keywords: [“chew”,”pig”,”teeth”]
Source: https://www.guineapigcorner.com/chew-toys-and-nibblers

We Pigs News for 06-29-2018

Extreme Guinea Pig Ear Crust!!!

small pet Hamsters, Guinea Pigs & More

PetSmart stores cannot match the price below for this pet. These gentle, social companion pets will enjoy the companionship of another guinea pig, as well as interaction with their Pet Parents. Although shy at first, they will develop intense affection for their Pet Parents and may whistle to signal their happiness. Guinea pigs are diurnal, so they are most active during the day and will sleep about 4-6 hours per night. Special needsYour guinea pig’s front teeth never stop growing – so she needs lots of healthy things to chew on like treat sticks and chews. 

NutritionChoose a fortified diet made especially for guinea pigs. Vet Assured™ PromiseAll pets purchased at PetSmart are raised under our exclusive Vet Assured program and come with a 14-day satisfaction guarantee. Vet Assured is a program designed by PetSmart veterinarians to improve the health and well-being of our pets. The program sets standards for the care of our pets by our live animal partners and store associates and establishes strict standards for the monitoring and prevention of common illnesses found in pets. PetSmart makes a significant investment in the care of our pets and it is apparent in the quality and comfort of the pets in our stores. 

If your pet becomes ill during this initial 14-day period, or if you’re not satisfied with your pet for any reason, PetSmart will gladly replace the pet or refund the purchase price. Please keep your sales receipt and return the pet to the store where it was purchased if needed. 

Keywords: [“pet”,”pig”,”guinea”]
Source: https://www.petsmart.com/…/guinea-pig-4051135.html

Chinese Astrology: PigTraits

The Pig of Chinese Astrology are famous for their diplomacy and sweet nature. Pigs are simply possessed of a truly luxurious nature, one that delights in finery and riches. Helping others is a true pleasure for the Pig, who feels best when everyone else is smiling. Pigs are so magnanimous they can appear almost saintly; this can lead some less than-well- intentioned souls to stomp all over this Sign, and the bad news is, the Pig will take the blows! Pigs make great companions in part because of their refusal to see the more negative or base qualities in a partner, but that rose-colored view can lead to this Sign’s allowing itself to be taken advantage of. 

Love Life: Pigs are great partners to have because they are so supportive and giving of themselves. Pigs are very physical and sexual creatures that love to be affectionate as much as possible. Pigs make good partners and most people would consider themselves lucky to be involved with one. Career : Pigs generally do really well when they get to be creative. Pigs make better followers than leaders, but that doesn’t mean that they aren’t capable of greatness in their chosen profession. 

The occupations best suited for a Pig are Doctors, Caterers, Entertainers, Veterinarians, Hotel management and Interior decorators. Personality : The Pig is a fun and enlightening personality blessed with patience and understanding. Likes : The favorite color of Pig people is dark blue, and their corresponding gemstones are lapis lazuli, coral and beryl. 

Keywords: [“Pig”,”partner”,”Sign”]
Source: http://www.findyourfate.com/chineseastro/pig-traits.htm

Tips For Keeping Your Guinea Pigs Happy And Healthy

Guinea pigs make fantastic pets, and in return for how much they give us, it’s so important that we make sure they’re looked after properly so they can live their lives to the full. We’ve put some tips together for keeping your guinea pigs happy and healthy, along with some useful facts and info. A good rule is that a cage for two guinea pigs should be at least 7.5 square feet, if not a good few feet more. As with any pet, guinea pigs need a strict and healthy diet to keep them healthy and to help their digestive systems to run smoothly. The teeth of guinea pigs grows all the time, so ensuring they’re worn down to avoid discomfort is a must, and hay is ideal for this. 

As well as hay, guinea pigs need appropriate pellets, and fresh vegetables and fruit every day. Guinea pigs are curious, social creatures that need constant stimulation to remain happy. As mentioned above, guinea pigs should always be housed in pairs to avoid boredom, and due to their social nature. Although guinea pigs are social, they do like their own space, so it’s a good idea to provide each guinea pig with somewhere to sleep and hide. Guinea pigs do like attention in moderation, and even see being stroked as a reward. 

Handling your guinea pigs from an early age gently and calmly is a good way to avoid them from biting you as they grow. When you handle your guinea pig, you can examine them to evaluate how healthy they are, and if there is anything you should perhaps be concerned about. 

Keywords: [“Guinea”,”pig”,”need”]
Source: https://www.vet-medic.com/blog/2014/11/tips-for-keeping-your…

Guinea pigs can give their owners deadly pneumonia

Guinea pigs are making people ill, a new report states. Most guinea pigs likely harbour the bacteria responsible for the inflammatory lung condition, which is detectable by the animals developing pink eye. ‘We should be washing our hands after pet contact, and certain high-risk people – like those with compromised immune systems – should avoid contact with pets. Researchers from Bernhoven Hospital found three cases of guinea pig-related pneumonia have occurred in the Netherlands over approximately three years. They both had guinea pigs as pets who had recently shown respiratory symptoms. The man had two guinea pigs, while one of the female patients had 25. 

The other woman worked in a vet clinic where she cared for guinea pigs suffering from pink eye and nasal inflammation. In one of the individuals, this bacteria could be traced back to their specific guinea pig. Lead author Dr Bart Ramakers said: ‘Doctors and veterinarians should be aware of the bacterium, especially now that we have demonstrated that it can be transmitted from guinea pigs to humans. Dr Gordon said: ‘Many guinea pig owners are exposed to this pathogen, but few are going to develop symptoms to the point of needing hospitalization. Dr Gordon added: ‘We love our pets, but we’ve got to be smart about pets and pet hygiene. ‘We should be washing our hands after pet contact, and certain high-risk people -like those with compromised immune systems – should avoid contact with pets. 

Keywords: [“pet”,”Guinea”,”pig”]
Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-4872674/Guinea-pigs-owners…

We Pigs News for 06-28-2018

Is My Guinea Pig Too Fat? Is It Too Thin?

Bladder Stones / Urinary Infections

If you suspect any urinary tract problem you need to get your Guinea Pig checked out by a small animal vet. Due to a Guinea pigs metabolism they can be affected by bladder stones and bladder calcium crystal deposits. These can cause a great deal of discomfort,this is treatable and again its important to health check your Guinea Pig on a regular basis to detect changes in bladder habits. Example of bladder stone, stones can be from sand grain size upwards. May not be obvious signs of infection,but can be an indication of calcium deposits affecting bladder emptying causing incontinence. 

The Guinea Pig may be eating and pooping fine but needs to. This is very important for Guinea Pigs with a family / sibling history of bladder infections. Cut down on the amount of carrot you give,carrot contains oxalic acid which binds free roaming calcium in a guinea pigs system this can then be deposited in the bladder. If you suspect a bladder infection / stone,get treatment from your vet as soon as possible!!! Your vet may suggest an xray or ultrasound scan to check for the presence of bladder stones and a urine sample. 

Dependant on the results they may palpate the bladder to try and remove excess bladder sludge,a mixture of crystals and debris caused by the bladder emptying excess calcium or they may need to perform surgery to remove a stone. Ask your vet for information on Cystaid – Glucosamine product also used in cats which lines the bladder with a protective coating,you can buy this on line and we have seen very good results with our rescue Guinea Pigs. 

Keywords: [“bladder”,”Guinea”,”Pig”]
Source: https://www.thepotteriesguineapigrescue.co.uk/page_2948284.html

Frequently Asked Questions-Wild Pigs

Small pigs may eat approximately 5% of their body weight daily; larger pigs an estimated 3 % of body weight. Wild pigs are one of the most intelligent species found in the United States. Wild pigs are creatures of habit and will use the same bedding/resting areas and feeding areas as long as the food source remains available. A 2011-12 telemetry study of adult female wild pigs with sounders in east Texas resulted in home range estimates of approximately 2 square miles, or 1,100 acres. The most sensitive environmental areas wild pigs damage are wetland areas and they can alter the vegetative community present. 

Longleaf pine seedlings seem to be especially vulnerable to wild pigs. Polynesians brought domesticated pigs into the Hawaiian Islands around 700 A.D. The first pigs were brought into what is now the. In the U.S., the best descriptor is probably to refer to them simply as wild pigs. All of our modern domestic breeds as well as our wild pigs originated from a common ancestor-the Eurasian wild boar that was first domesticated some 8,000 to 10,000 years ago in Europe and Asia. 

Typically, wild pigs will seek out the heaviest cover near water they can find where they are not harassed, then range out from there to feed. Recent research in Alabama and confirmed in Texas has shown that continuous catch doors do not continue to catch additional wild pigs once the door is tripped. Lastly, one study found that 10 of 12 traps captured additional pigs within one week of pigs being euthanized in the traps. 

Keywords: [“pig”,”wild”,”Texas”]
Source: https://feralhogs.tamu.edu/…/frequently-asked-questions-wild-pigs

Infections, Stones & Crystals

Behavioural change such as: restlessness, lethargy, hiding, loss of appetite, urination in unusual places The most frequently occurring bladder stones and crystals are struvite crystals and stones. Bladder stones and crystals can be caused by saturation of the bladder with minerals. Mineral crystals frequently adhere themselves to organic material in the urine, as a result of which certain structures arise, which will develop into crystals which can eventually grow into stones. Bladder stones and crystals can cause several types of complaints, depending on the size, place and formation of the stone. Stones can block the flow of urine from the bladder to the urethra. 

Gout results in an increased amount of uric acid in the urine and can lead to the formation of uric acid stones and urate stones. The size of the stones can vary from small crystals to stones that fill up the entire renal pelvic. Medium sized stones get stuck easily when they move on to the bladder, especially in the urethra, which cause severe spasms and blood loss in the urine. BLADDER STONES. Especially for bladder stones larger then 1 centimetre in diameter, Chinese medicine has developed Lysium. 

The presence of bladder crystals or bladder stones, these are ideal for bacteria to multiply in. The crystals and stones can damage the bladder wall, which causes the bacteria to multiply even more easily. Urinating more often but small amounts, usually points towards a bladder infection, bladder crystals, bladder stones or a tumor. 

Keywords: [“bladder”,”urine”,”stone”]
Source: http://cutiecavies.proboards.com/thread/4770/bladder-kidney-infections…

Nutritional Requirements

Guinea pigs naturally eat a diet of grasses, plants, vegetables and crops, which can be difficult to replicate at home. Guinea pigs require moderately high levels of fibre in their food, so feeding good quality fresh hay alongside your usual brand of feed is vital. Guinea pigs, like humans but unlike rabbits, are unable to make their own Vitamin C and it must therefore be provided as part of their diet. Guinea pigs, rabbits and chinchillas have teeth which grow continually. There are drinking bottles designed for guinea pigs on the market, just make sure you check the bottle frequently to see it always has water in it, and change the water daily to ensure that it is always fresh and that the bottle is clean. 

A good sign of a healthy guinea pig is when he/she is eating every day and passing plenty of dry droppings. Always keep an eye on how much your guinea pig eats and drinks. You can treat your guinea pig with small amounts of apple and strawberry. Guinea pigs can be greedy! They suffer from obesity if food is not monitored correctly and obesity can result in many other health problems. 

There are a number of foods that are poisonous to guinea pigs so always double check before you feed them. There are a number of nutritionally balanced diets for guinea pigs on the market. Manufacturers have experts available to provide you with advice on what you should buy for your guinea pig and how much and how many times per day to feed them, so contact them direct for further advice on specific products. 

Keywords: [“Guinea”,”pig”,”food”]
Source: https://www.pfma.org.uk/guinea-pigs-nutritional-requirements

We Pigs News for 06-28-2018

Review video Guinea pig health food

Guinea Pigs Diet and Vitamin C Requirements

Vitamin C. Vitamin C is of utmost importance to guinea pigs, as they are unable to manufacture their own. Without enough vitamin C in their diets, guinea pigs can become very ill with scurvy. The amount of vitamin C required varies somewhat depending on the reference source used, but most guinea pigs probably need about 10-30 mg/day. If you feed a good selection of vegetables high in vitamin C along with a good, fresh guinea pig pellet, you can probably meet the vitamin C needs of the average guinea pig. 

Many guinea pig pellets have vitamin C added but vitamin C is quite unstable and will degrade over time. Keeping the pellets in a cool dark place helps preserve the vitamin C. You can also get pellets with a stabilized form of vitamin C.The best way to supplement with additional vitamin C is to use vitamin C tablets. You can buy vitamin C tablets specifically for guinea pigs, or buy human chewable 100 mg tablets. The guinea pig tablets are 50 mg, but since vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin, small excesses over that daily requirement are easily excreted. 

Guinea pigs may refuse or reduce their consumption of water with added vitamin C due to the taste, and this may lead to other health problems. Feeding a variety of fresh veggies high in vitamin C and/or supplementing directly with tablet forms of vitamin C are better options. Most guinea pigs will not overeat but the amount of pellets may need to be restricted if a guinea pig becomes obese. Alfalfa is richer and higher in calcium and is a good supplement for growing guinea pigs as well as pregnant or nursing guinea pigs, but is not a good staple for most adult guinea pigs. 

Keywords: [“Vitamin”,”guinea”,”pig”]
Source: https://www.thesprucepets.com/feeding-guinea-pigs-1236840

Guinea Pig Wet tail? Diareah? Vit C?

If this is the case then why do they sell wet tail medication for guinea pigs. Most companies that make pet products, and absolutely a lot of the people that sell them in the stores, don’t know much about animals. They say that wet tail IS diarreah, and that guinea pigs CAN get it Wet-tail is not only diarrhea, although that is one of the symptoms. Bacterial infections differ from one species to the next, so while a guinea pig can get diarrhea, it would not be wet tail. Vitamin C degrades quickly in water and light, so your guinea pig probably wouldn’t get any benefits from them anyway. 

Smartorl was absolutely correct on the vitamin C in veggies. If you give vegetables that are high in C like bell peppers, cilantro, chard, and balance that out with lettuces and rotate other veggies and fruits in and out of the diet, there should be no reason for a vitamin C supplement. Good quality pellets will also be fortified with vitamin C. If you have a pig that is ill or will not occasionally eat his veggies, you can supplement with 25mg of a sugar free vitamin C only tablet or liquid that can be found at a health or natural foods store. Oxbow also produces an excellent quality pellet and hay. 

Another excellent source for pellets and hay is Kleenmama’s Hayloft :: Home. While some of the employees might have good hearts, they typically do not have correct information, and are primarily there just to make money for the store. If you feed your guinea pigs a healthy diet of unlimited grass hay, a cup+ of veggies daily, and a good quality pellet, assuming there is nothing else wrong with the animal, you shouldn’t have any diarrhea issues. 

Keywords: [“pig”,”guinea”,”Vitamin”]
Source: https://www.guineapigcages.com/forum/threads/21495-Guinea-Pig-Wet…

Guinea pig behaviour

Although guinea pigs are usually very placid and docile animals they can sometimes become aggressive towards other guinea pigs. Often when a fight breaks out is usually between two males either to decide who is dominant or who gets to have a sow Female guinea pigs also may fight if they don’t get along with each other, they may make aggressive calls and try and bite or scratch each other. When your guinea pigs are playing they may run around very fast and jump and hop and twist their body and shaking their heads. When guinea pigs are frightened they will sometimes freeze with a slightly bug-eyed expression, or they might just bolt back to their sleeping compartment or hide away. When a guinea pig is curious it will slowly approach and sniff the air to make sure it’s safe, sometimes it will lift a front paw and other times it may remain on all fours, ready to quickly bolt if something scares it. 

If your guinea pigs are showing courting behavior they may chase the female and sniff her behind and make a purring sound. They always seek out other guinea pigs company and contact. Guinea pigs may find a sense of security by being close together. By being together guinea pigs can establish good relationships and keep each other company. Guinea pigs rely a lot on their sight, hearing, smell and touch to interact and socialize with each other or to recognize their owner or to avoid predators. 

Baby guinea pigs are born with fur and their eyes open but it isn’t actually until they are Twenty five days old that they can fully recognize objects. This is probably why guinea pig babies follow their parents around a lot. 

Keywords: [“guinea”,”pig”,”each”]
Source: http://www.lovemyguineapig.com/guinea-pig-behaviour.htm

We Pigs News for 06-27-2018

Review: Oxbow Harvest Stacks & Vitamin C for Guinea Pigs

Real Welfare

Following extensive work by researchers at University of Bristol, University of Newcastle and RSPCA over several years, the AHDB Pork Real Welfare scheme was launched as a requirement of Red Tractor Farm Assurance on 1st April 2013. Real Welfare involves on-farm assessment of pig welfare using a set of five objective and repeatable measures. These measures are known as ‘welfare outcomes’ which are animal-based, meaning that they are obtained from the animals themselves, rather than from their environment. Real Welfare was developed in response to the pig industry’s need for strong, science-based evidence to demonstrate its husbandry standards to retailers, animal welfare lobby groups, policy makers and consumers. Real Welfare is also used to collect information on other variables, such as feeding practices, pen variables, and whether tails are docked or undocked. 

Real Welfare assessments are carried out by veterinary surgeons who are members of the Pig Veterinary Society. Real Welfare assessments take place 2 – 4 times a year, depending on how the farm operates. Real Welfare outcomes are reported back to the producers as a rolling total, combining all assessments from the previous 365 days. This means Real Welfare reports on the general welfare status and welfare management of finisher pigs on farm and means that variation between batches through disease or extreme weather, is evened out. Real Welfare also allows farmers to benchmark their welfare outcomes against other farms, as well as against their peers. 

AHDB Pork manages the anonymised data set amalgamated across all units, which enables us to monitor welfare outcomes across the whole industry. Your veterinary surgeon is able to access your unit’s Real Welfare results and should discuss these with you. 

Keywords: [“Welfare”,”Real”,”Farm”]
Source: http://pork.ahdb.org.uk/health-welfare/welfare/real-welfare

Abyssinian Guinea Pig: Care and Characteristics

The Abyssinian guinea pig is a popular and exotic brand of guinea pig that originates from the Andean region of South America. Contrary to popular belief, the Abyssinian guinea pig did not originate from the Abyssinia region of Africa, which covers northern Ethiopia and Eritrea. Abyssinian guinea pigs are considered to be among the oldest breeds of guinea pigs still in existence today. This particular type of guinea pig, the Abyssinian was marketed originally as coming from the Abyssinia region of Africa on ships that were apart of the guinea slave trade. The male Abyssinian guinea pig, known as a ‘boar’, can successfully mate with the female at around three weeks of age. 

The average lifespan of an Abyssinian guinea pig is very similar to other breeds of guinea pigs. How long the Abyssinian guinea pig lives depend on a lot of outside factors. The most important aspect of an Abyssinian guinea pig’s health is its’ intake of daily vitamins like Vitamin C. If they don’t have enough of it in their daily diet, the Abyssinian will run the risk of contracting scurvy or other diseases. A study in 2010 conducted by David Williams and Ann Sullivan had concluded that the Abyssinian guinea pigs were at higher risk for eye problems than other breeds of guinea pigs. 

Abyssinian guinea pigs are known for being very rambunctious, energetic, and more spirited than other breeds. If you’re looking for a pet that’s fun, playful, and independent, the Abyssinian guinea pig may be perfect for you and your family. With unique physical characteristics and a life span that has longevity, the Abyssinian is a strong and healthy breed of guinea pig that any pet owner would appreciate and enjoy. 

Keywords: [“guinea”,”pig”,”Abyssinian”]
Source: https://www.furrytips.com/abyssinian-guinea-pig

Guinea Pig Weight Guide

Your guinea pig’s weight is one of the most important indicators of its health and wellbeing. As such it is very important that you track and monitor your pets’ weight over time, to see if they are developing normally, and so that you can spot any unusual changes early and act quickly. The following guide describes what is considered to be a ‘normal’ guinea pig weight at various ages, and also describes how to measure it. As your guinea pigs grow and mature, you should be able to see their size and weight increasing gradually and consistently. As they reach adulthood, this weight gain will begin to decline, and eventually stop at somewhere around 12 to 14 months old. 

During this time you may notice that males gain more weight than females. If your pet fidgets and moves around a lot, it can often be a good idea to place them in a bowl or tin during the weighing – just remember to subtract the weight of the bowl or you’ll get inaccurate readings. Monitoring your guinea pigs’ weight is absolutely essential. Any sudden changes or prolonged decline in the weight of your pet are an excellent indicator that something is wrong, and so it is wise to get into the habit of measuring and recording your animals’ weight on a weekly basis. A spreadsheet is ideal because it also allows you to plot a graph, which is an even easier way to spot weight changes and trends. 

Be sure to take your weight record with you as well, as this could provide the vet with useful information to help make a diagnosis. One thing to be aware of is that a pregnant sow can get significantly heavier during the gestation period, and it is not uncommon for her weight to go up to as much as double its usual level. 

Keywords: [“weight”,”guinea”,”pig”]
Source: https://www.guineapigcorner.com/weight

We Pigs News for 06-27-2018

13 UNSAFE Foods For Your Guinea Pig

Deadly new flu virus in US and Mexico may go pandemic

A novel flu virus has struck hundreds of people in Mexico, and at least 18 have died. The US has declared a public health emergency, and the World Health Organization is holding emergency meetings to decide whether to declare the possible onset of a flu pandemic. Ironically, after years of concern about H5N1 bird flu, the new flu causing concern is a pig virus, of a family known as H1N1. Flu viruses are named after the two main proteins on their surfaces, abbreviated H and N. They are also differentiated by what animal they usually infect. 

On Wednesday, the CDC announced that routine surveillance had uncovered mild flu cases during late March and April, caused by a novel swine flu virus. Then on Friday the WHO in Geneva said in a statement there have been around 900 suspected cases of swine flu in Mexico City and two other regions of Mexico, with around 60 suspected deaths. On Saturday and Sunday, the CDC confirmed eight cases of swine flu had been confirmed at a girl’s school in New York, two cases in Kansas and a case in Ohio. Anne Schuchat, head of science and public health at the CDC, said that the US virus is an unusually mongrelised mix of genetic sequences from North American pigs, Eurasian pigs, birds and humans. The H protein on its surface, having hitherto circulated only in pigs, is one most human immune systems have never seen, the crucial requirement for a pandemic flu. 

While suspect deaths in Mexico are being tested for H1N1, we don’t know how many mild cases of virus there may have been in the affected region that have gone untested. One ominous sign is that the Mexican cases are said to be mainly young adults, a hallmark of pandemic flu. Another H1N1 flu jumped from pigs to people in 1976, and killed an army recruit in New Jersey. The US went on high alert and vaccinated thousands of people – but the virus did not spread readily enough to maintain an epidemic, and fizzled out. 

Keywords: [“flu”,”virus”,”case”]
Source: https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn17025-deadly-new-flu-virus…

GMO Pigs Coming Soon with Help of USDA and Biotech

An unfunded cooperative agreement between the USDA’s Agricultural Research Service and a currently unnamed corporation plans to address the ‘boar taint problem’ which causes a pig’s meat to smell of male reproductive organs by altering a pig’s genome. Yep – GMO pigs are in the making, all because the male pigs have an ‘offensive odor’ that can make their meat ill-fit for market. Biotech scientists are certain they can create a taint-free boar through a process that edits a pig’s genome rather than introducing any DNA foreign to the species, as has been the case with many GMO experiments like Bt corn or Round Up ready soy. In their usual style, biotech scientists try to minimize the possible ramifications of their projects. Yes, just altering DNA. 

This could likely just be another vile campaign by the US government to alter human DNA. Take for example the government supported experiment conducted with the help of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Investigations which infected human subjects with cancer cells, or the U.S. military’s research on biological weapons at Fort Detrick, MD since the 1940s. Here is a further timeline on government experiments that smack of altering a pig’s genome, only more insidious. The Modern Farmer article focuses mainly on natural ways to prevent taint, only covers the GMO aspect toward the end, and concludes that it wouldn’t accomplish anything that traditional breeding and care couldn’t. 

If you really are finding an offensive smell in your male hogs, you might want to start looking at what you are feeding them & who is producing the feed. A non-smelly male may be construed as less attractive. The farmers already feed them GMO feed, so what’s the difference. Pigs are some of the most filthiest animals in the world. Perhaps to appease the pigs in GitMO, and their swine in arms around the world. 

Keywords: [“pigs”,”GMO”,”male”]
Source: http://naturalsociety.com/gmo-pigs-coming-soon-help-usda-biotech

The Laboratory Rabbit, Guinea Pig, Hamster, and Other Rodents

This chapter provides a general introduction to basic husbandry for the laboratory guinea pig. General laboratory animal facility design and principles for rats, mice, and hamsters are applicable to the guinea pig. Modifications of these principles for guinea pig specific behavior and characteristics are noted. This chapter discusses the facility design, environment, and basic husbandry recommendations for the guinea pig. Although general laboratory animal facility design and principles for rats, mice, and hamsters have applicability to the guinea pig, characteristics and behavior unique to this species have fostered implementation of new and/or adjunct husbandry practices to improve the care and use of this laboratory animal. 

In addition to the natural behavior and physiology of the species, the nature of the research activity performed considers planning, design, or modifications of guinea pig holding rooms. Quarantine facilities, breeding colonies, conventional and infectious disease research have different requirements for housing. The Guinea pigs are generally docile and seldom bite; however, they are easily frightened and will try to avoid capture or being held. This chapter further explains the housing condition required for guinea pigs, which includes the right ventilation, illumination, temperature, humidity, sanitation, noise conditions, and space requirements. Ventilation for laboratory animals should balance air quality, animal comfort, and energy efficiency to provide cage environments that will optimize animal welfare and research results. 

The chapter reviews the nutritional diseases and record keeping of guinea pigs. For the identification of the animals, cage cards are used and the cards should include the strain of guinea pigs, sex, number, principal investigator, and research protocol identification. 

Keywords: [“guinea”,”pig”,”animal”]
Source: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123809209000213

We Pigs News for 06-26-2018

Cage Cleaning: 3 Huge Guinea Pig Cages With Fleece

Respiratory Problems in Guinea Pigs

Guinea pigs are more delicate than many people suspect; their chunky, compact bodies suggest that they are not as susceptible as other more fragile looking animals such as gerbils and mice to common problems such as respiratory tract infections but in fact this is not the case. Guinea pigs are very sensitive to draughts and damp and must be looked after accordingly. They cannot get the common cold, or anything like it; respiratory infections are likely to be bacterial and may be caused by the guinea pig being in general poor health. To add to the confusion, guinea pigs suffer from allergies as well as infections and sometimes the issue is an environmental one, not disease. A guinea pig is a very vocal animal, with a variety of sounds which it makes to show how it is feeling; if it is happy it will make a noise which sounds very similar to a cats purr. 

Guinea pigs hate cold and damp; they come from the Andes and their natural habitat is dry, if at times rather cold. If on diagnosis it turns out that the guinea pig has a runny nose because of inhaled dust from the bedding, it is a simple matter to change it. The guinea pig is a tricky animal to treat with medicine as in the wild it is a prey animal and so can be nervous and quite tricky to handle. Guinea pigs usually have a special favourite which they will always respond to using that as a trojan horse to get the medicine into the animal is a stress free method if it is possible to do so, although granted, it is a little difficult if the food is already very wet, like cucumber but if the pig has a favourite rusk or something absorbent it should work well. With an animal like a guinea pig which is small and nervous it is essential to have regular contact with it. 

Guinea pigs become depressed very easily and this can lead to lack of appetite, leading in turn to a low vitamin intake which again can seriously undermine the animals health. Although not every guinea pig is gregarious and fond of human contact, they are animals which naturally live in colonies and groom each other and have constant contact. 

Keywords: [“pig”,”Guinea”,”animal”]
Source: http://netvet.co.uk/guinea pigs/respiratory-problems.htm

Advice of “Father of Health Physics” for Disposing of Tritium Safely Rebuffed by US NRC, Dr. K.Z. Morgan interview: DC, Philadelphia, Baltimore Treated as Guinea Pigs

Since I left the faculty at Georgia Tech, I’ve testified in over a hundred-fifty cases, trying to help people that have allegedly been injured by radiation. They actually bragged about the fact that they set up courses to train health physicists and lawyers on how to keep injured parties, injured from radiation, from getting any benefits! One of these was even held in Washington. Imagine: the Department of Justice-which is supposed, according to our Constitution, to provide justice to the citizen-training lawyers and health physicists how to cheat the public! How to allow people to be used as guinea pigs rather than be a hindrance to some nuclear or military program! 

All the people in the cities of Washington[, DC] and Philadelphia and Baltimore are guinea pigs, as you well know. I gave [the NRC] a letter [from me], showing how you can get rid of this tritium in a safe manner. If people could wait and read my book, they’d get some of the facts that you’d like to have now, maybe. I sent in my letter [to the NRC] showing these other ways you could dispose of the tritium without using humans as guinea pigs. As I recall in the letter, why tritium is far more hazardous than was agreed-to officially when I was chairman of the committee74 that set the standards for tritium and other radionuclides for 20 years, you see. 

An advisor to the-I don’t know his position, I guess the court recorder there, or maybe the second stage of lawyers they had-was Dr. [L.S.] Taylor, who had been chairman of NCRP for many years, who [now] is on the other side of the fence. Dr. Morgan began his career as a physics professor at Lenoir-Rhyne College, where he focused his work on cosmic ray research. In 1943, Dr. Morgan moved to Chicago to become a senior scientist in health physics for the Manhattan Engineer District. 

The following year, Dr. Morgan went to the newly formed Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, where he served as Director of Health Physics from 1944 to 1972. 

Keywords: [“year”,”tritium”,”pig”]
Source: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2016/01/30/advice-of-father…

Santa Barbara Skinny Pigs

Just like regular guinea pigs, skinny pigs have some simple but specific care requirements to keep them happy and healthy. Skinny pigs do not have any natural protection from either cold or sun, they need to live indoors and away from direct sunlight. Furry guinea pigs are sensitive to heat and need to be kept somewhat cool, skinny pigs tolerate heat a little better but usually need a hiding place where they can snuggle up and keep warm. Skinny pigs are typically quite healthy, but there are some illnesses that they are more prone to than their furry counterparts. Skinny pigs never get guinea pig lice, but they are more likely to suffer from skin ailments, including sunburn, skin cancer, scratches or skin infections such as ringworm. 

Doctors inexperienced with guinea pigs may accidentally prescribe medication that is safe for other pets but can be very dangerous to guinea pigs, such as certain antibiotics. Skinny pigs will keep themselves quite clean on their own, as long as the cage they are in is also kept clean enough. That’s rarely and option so the next best thing is for new guinea pigs to be introduced to adult(s) when the new guinea pigs are extremely young. Adult guinea pigs are rarely aggressive or violent towards baby guinea pigs, though some rumbling, purring, strutting, dancing or other dominance behavior is still normal. You should not use typical hide boxes until all guinea pigs are getting along well, since it is easy for a guinea pig to go into a hide, a second guinea pig enter the hide, and the first one suddenly feel trapped, without an easy way to get more personal space. 

If you introduce guinea pigs together and they begin to fight, try to allow them to work out their issues without stepping in, unless a guinea pig is injured to the point of bleeding. Unfortunately this can happen quite quickly with skinny pigs since they don’t have fur to protect them, so extra care must be taken with skinny pig introductions. 

Keywords: [“pig”,”guinea”,”cage”]
Source: http://sbskinnypigs.com/care.php

We Pigs News for 06-26-2018


Guinea Pig Vet Visits

Fiber effects in nutrition and gut health in pigs

Dietary fiber has an important role in pig and poultry diets and a minimum level of dietary fiber has to be included to maintain normal physiological function in the digestive tract. The positive effects of enzyme addition is due to disruption of intact cell walls and release of entrapped nutrients or due to the changes in the physical properties of non-starch polysaccharides, such as viscosity and WHC, and/or changes in the composition and content of bacteria in the small and large intestine [23-25]. Reducing particle size has been reported to improve the feed efficiency and nutrient digestion of weaned pigs [19, 21]. There appears to be a particle size by age of pig interaction in digestibility, resulting in a larger response in young as compared to older pigs. This resulted in greater capacity of sows to digest fibrous components compared to young pigs and it was shown that sows digest a larger part of the NSP in the small intestine than growing pigs. 

Crossbred Large White Yorkshire pigs show higher growth rate and better feed conversion than native Mong Cai pigs, when fed the same daily amount of DM and CP [34, 35]. This is due to greater potential for lean tissue accretion in LY than in MC pigs, as reflected in higher nitrogen retention [34, 35]. However, indigenous breeds, such as the MC breed, may have better characteristics with regards to reproduction and are adapted to the local climate. A longer MRT in the indigenous MC pig can be explained by a larger GIT, reflected in more gut content, as compared to LY pigs. In accordance, it was reported that differences in gut content could explain the longer MRT in Iberian pigs than in Landrace pigs. 

Earlier studies on indigenous and exotic pig breeds support the contention of greater length of the GIT in the indigenous pigs [.36,.40]. In addition, recent studies show that there are interactions between breed and diet on LAB count and in the concentration of propionic acid in the ileum. Increased fibre level in the diet in combination with high soluble fiber content had a greater impact on the LAB count and the concentration of propionic acid in the ileum of MC pigs than of LY pigs. This suggests differences in the gut microbiota activity and/or composition between MC and LY pigs. Mong Cai pigs had shorter villi, smaller villus width and greater crypt density in the ileum than LY pigs. 

The MC pigs had a longer total tract mean retention time of solids than the LY pigs allowing for longer contact between digestion products and absorptive surfaces. The inclusion of chicory forage and root in a cereal-based diet results in changes in gut micro-environment and gut morphology of pigs , while growth performance was unaffected and digestibility was only marginally reduced by chicory inclusion [29, 57]. Within diet type, these changes followed a similar pattern in the small and large intestine. 

Keywords: [“pig”,”gut”,”Dietary”]
Source: https://jasbsci.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/2049-1891-5-15

Fiber effects in nutrition and gut health in pigs

Dietary fiber has an important role in pig and poultry diets and a minimum level of dietary fiber has to be included to maintain normal physiological function in the digestive tract. The positive effects of enzyme addition is due to disruption of intact cell walls and release of entrapped nutrients or due to the changes in the physical properties of non-starch polysaccharides, such as viscosity and WHC, and/or changes in the composition and content of bacteria in the small and large intestine [23, 24, 25].Reducing particle size has been reported to improve the feed efficiency and nutrient digestion of weaned pigs [19, 21]. There appears to be a particle size by age of pig interaction in digestibility, resulting in a larger response in young as compared to older pigs. This resulted in greater capacity of sows to digest fibrous components compared to young pigs and it was shown that sows digest a larger part of the NSP in the small intestine than growing pigs. Crossbred Large White Yorkshire pigs show higher growth rate and better feed conversion than native Mong Cai pigs, when fed the same daily amount of DM and CP [34, 35]. 

This is due to greater potential for lean tissue accretion in LY than in MC pigs, as reflected in higher nitrogen retention [34, 35].However, indigenous breeds, such as the MC breed, may have better characteristics with regards to reproduction and are adapted to the local climate. A longer MRT in the indigenous MC pig can be explained by a larger GIT, reflected in more gut content, as compared to LY pigs. In accordance, it was reported that differences in gut content could explain the longer MRT in Iberian pigs than in Landrace pigs. Earlier studies on indigenous and exotic pig breeds support the contention of greater length of the GIT in the indigenous pigs [36, 40]. In addition, recent studies show that there are interactions between breed and diet on LAB count and in the concentration of propionic acid in the ileum. 

Increased fibre level in the diet in combination with high soluble fiber content had a greater impact on the LAB count and the concentration of propionic acid in the ileum of MC pigs than of LY pigs. This suggests differences in the gut microbiota activity and/or composition between MC and LY pigs. Mong Cai pigs had shorter villi, smaller villus width and greater crypt density in the ileum than LY pigs. The MC pigs had a longer total tract mean retention time of solids than the LY pigs allowing for longer contact between digestion products and absorptive surfaces. The inclusion of chicory forage and root in a cereal-based diet results in changes in gut micro-environment and gut morphology of pigs , while growth performance was unaffected and digestibility was only marginally reduced by chicory inclusion [29, 57]. 

Within diet type, these changes followed a similar pattern in the small and large intestine. 

Keywords: [“pig”,”gut”,”Dietary”]
Source: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/2049-1891-5-15