We Pigs News for 01-31-2018

Best Friends Animal Society

Teacup pigs for sale? Buyer beware: Baby piglets may not be “True” mini pigs, and pigs that stay small are more myth than reality. Mini pigs, miniature pigs, micro mini pigs, dwarf pigs and pygmy pigs are but a few. Type “Baby teacup pigs,” “Mini teacup pigs” or “Mini pig pet” into YouTube, and you’ll see videos of small pet pigs doing all sorts of adorable things. What about teacup breeds of pigs, often called toy pigs, miniature teacup pigs, mini teacup pigs, micro mini piglets or nano pigs? Originally bred in Vietnam, the potbellied pig is a domestic pig that is indeed miniature when compared to the average farm pig. While calling them micro mini teacup pigs is a stretch, it’s not incorrect to call Vietnamese potbellied pigs mini pigs within that context. Jen Reid, manager of Marshall’s Piggy Paradise at Best Friends, explains that whether or not a pig is miniature really depends on your frame of reference. If someone has been promised a micro teacup pig, and that pig grows to 100-plus pounds as an adult miniature pig, suddenly that pig is not going to seem so cute anymore. Jen says, “Pigs can be awesome pets if you are expecting a pig and you are set up for a pig.” Even if having a pig is legal where you live, having enough room to house him or her is crucial because most of the time, a pig sold as a baby teacup pig will keep growing far beyond breeders’ predictions. If pigs can’t root around in the ground, they’ll turn to the next best thing, which may be the new carpet or that expensive couch. For people who already have potbellied pigs, as well as for people who are looking to adopt them, Jen says, “We do lots and lots of education about good diet and how to maintain a good weight and body condition.” A well-rounded diet is just as important for pigs as it is for people, though feeding pigs most human foods is strongly discouraged. Though George Clooney had a pet pig for 18 years, the nano pig trend seems to have taken off in 2009, when Paris Hilton got a so-called teacup potbelly pig she named Princess Pigelette. The best defense against poor pig health and homelessness. An educated public is the best defense against poor pig health and homelessness resulting from the teacup pig craze.

Keywords: [“pig”,”Teacup”,”pet”]
Source: https://bestfriends.org/resources/teacup-pigs

Alaska Livestock Series Recommended Practices for Raising Pigs from Birth to Weaning LPM-00845 This publication discusses the basics of baby pig care. Cut a 6- by 9-inch hole for the pigs to enter the front of the box and hinge the top for easy access to the space or the pigs. Pigs castrated at this age seem to suffer very little trauma compared to older pigs. Litters with weak pigs or sows or pigs with health problems should not be grouped until the pigs are larger or the health problems are cleared up. Creep Feeding Nursing Pigs Barring diseases and other problems related to milk production in the sow, nursing pigs get all the nourishment they need from their mothers for the first two to three weeks of their lives. The transition from milk to a solid food diet can be fairly dramatic to a newly weaned pig, especially when added to the stresses of being away from the sow and mixing with pigs from other litters in a totally new nursery environment. Grafting Pigs Pigs from large litters can be grafted onto different sows if done within the first two weeks of age. Grafting pigs onto sows with small litters also maximizes each sow’s milk potential. Larger grafted pigs will be too strong for their new litter mates to compete with, while smaller grafted pigs will not be strong enough to compete. Graft pigs soon after the recipient sow farrows to ensure each section of her udder continues to produce milk. If the sow and litter are not in a farrowing crate, place the creep feeder in a corner of the farrowing stall or group pen that has been fenced off from the sows but allows the baby pigs to enter. Communal Grouping of Sows and Litters Some producers group two to four sows and their litters together from the time the pigs are two to three weeks of age until they are weaned. Finally, grouping of sows and litters allows pigs to 3 Weaning Pigs There is much controversy about what age pigs should be when they are weaned. An undersized pig is usually just a smaller version of a normally developed, full-sized pig. In every litter some pigs will gain weight more rapidly than others, and the argument is that when they reach 14 pounds they Getting baby pigs from birth to weaning requires good management and attention to detail.

Keywords: [“pig”,”sow”,”litter”]
Source: http://uaf.edu/files/ces/publications-db/catalog/anr/LPM-00845.pdf

We Pigs News for 01-31-2018

All Creatures Rescue & Sanctuary Guinea Pig Emergency Guide If you suspect that your guinea pig sick, the best course of action is always to seek veterinary care. Because guinea pigs are prey animals, they have evolved to hide their symptoms as long as possible in order to survive onslaught by carnivores. Labored Breathing – any time your guinea pig’s breathing becomes strained or loud, it is a cause for a vet visit. Your vet may also recommend doing a culture on your guinea pig, in order to pick the best antibiotic for their particular respiratory infection. In order to diagnose your guinea pig, your vet will typically run a urinalysis to look for blood and bacteria, and perform an x‐ray to make sure there are no bladder stones. If the diarrhea is mild, and the stools are only slightly loose, you may withhold vegetables from your guinea pig for a day while keeping a close eye on your guinea pig for other signs of illness. Depending on the severity of the diarrhea, your vet may also want to give IV fluids to rehydrate your guinea pig. In the case of very sick guinea pigs, they will frequently not bother grooming themselves, and so if you see your guinea pig sitting with this fluid in their eyes for a long period of time, make sure to carefully monitor their weight and other vital signs. In the case of eye injury, the vet will frequently do a “Stain” of your guinea pig’s eye with special chemicals in order to see abrasions and/or cuts. Lethargic behavior can vary wildly from guinea pig to guinea pig, so it’s important to be aware of your guinea pig’s habits. Your vet will generally prescribe one of two treatments for mites for your guinea pig – ivermectin or selamectin. If your guinea pig has open sores from mites, your vet may also prescribe an antibiotic to prevent your pig from developing abscesses at the sites of open wounds. If you think your guinea pig has bloat go to the emergency vet immediately. Constipation/Not Pooping – If your guinea pig is not producing stools, seek vet care immediately. Susan’s Guide to Handfeeding Guinea pigs and rabbits share a basic design flaw: a sensitive digestive system that reacts to stress and illness by shutting down, and which, once shut down, will kill the animal unless restarted.

Keywords: [“Pig”,”Guinea”,”vet”]
Source: http://allcreaturesrescue.org/documents/New_Guinea_Pig_Health_Doc.pdf

Occupational Health & Safety: Dogs & Pigs

In the research setting, exposure to dogs and pigs can pose potential health risks to humans, such as infection from dog bites and scratches, allergic responses, and contraction of pathogenic enteric organisms through accidental fecal/oral contact. There are many organisms that may not produce symptoms in dogs and pigs that cause disease in people. RECOMMENDED PREVENTIVE MEASURES. Only trained personnel should handle dogs or pigs. Handling and restraint training can be scheduled through LARC; Gloves, water resistant shoe covers, and long sleeved apparel should be worn at all times when working with dogs and pigs; Wash hands after handling animals; When seeking medical advice for any illness, inform your physician that you work with dogs and/or pigs. Dust masks should be worn at all times when working with dogs and pigs; whenever there is a risk of aerosol transmission of a zoonotic agent, approved respirator masks respirators should be worn instead of dust masks. RESPONSE TO INJURY. Dogs may inflict serious bite and scratch wounds. Prompt first-aid is particularly important due to the penetrating nature of bites inflicted by dogs. INFECTIOUS DISEASES. Rabies: Rabies virus can infect almost any mammal; however it is very rare in the research environment because dogs are purchased from high quality sources with excellent vaccination and disease control programs. Dogs shed virus in their saliva 1-14 days before developing clinical signs. Brucellosis: The bacterial organism, Brucella canis, is found in dogs; B. suis, is the species found in swine. Pasteurella multocida: Has been associated with bites and scratches sustained from infected dogs. Reservoir/source of infection: Many mammals, including dogs and pigs; Transmission: Fecal/oral; Disease in people: Self-limiting diarrhea except in immune compromised people where it can be quite severe. That are frequently associated with diarrhea in dogs and pigs and may also cause disease in people. Are bacteria found in many animals but are most commonly associated with livestock and dogs. ALLERGIES. Individuals who have been previously sensitized to dogs outside of the work place may be at greater risk of developing allergies to dogs.

Keywords: [“dog”,”people”,”disease”]
Source: http://www.iacuc.ucsf.edu/Safe/awOhsDogPig.asp

Codes of Recommendations for the Welfare of Livestock

Animals not kept in buildings shall, where necessary and possible, be given protection from adverse weather conditions, predators and risks to their health and shall, at all times, have access to a well-drained lying area. 110 Stock selected for outdoor production must be suitable for outdoor conditions. 111 Your herd health and welfare plan should include a strategy for dealing with emergency situations such as, water provision in freezing conditions and feed provision to the site and to the paddocks in snow or severe wet weather. Incoming replacement stock may also need to be acclimatised to outdoor conditions as they will often have been bred in indoor conditions. Further detailed guidance on biosecurity can be found in Codes of Recommendations for the Welfare of Livestock: Animal Health and Biosecurity. 115 You should properly maintain arks and huts, especially to ensure that damage through handling does not produce sharp edges that may injure the animals. 116 Adequate shelter must be provided to protect the animals from extreme weather conditions. Arks should be well fixed to the ground, particularly in cold windy conditions and should be sited so that the doorways can be adjusted to allow for changing weather circumstances. Wet conditions create greater welfare problems than the cold, as moisture is easily carried into the arks on feet and bodies, causing chilling in small piglets, and provides the ideal environment for micro-organisms to flourish. 117 Adequate shelter must also be provided to protect the animals from the sun in summer. 119 You should carefully monitor the body condition of pigs during extremes of weather and adjust feed provision if necessary. 121 Electric fencing should be designed, constructed, used and maintained properly, so that when the animals touch them they only feel slight discomfort. 122 New breeding animals are unlikely to have been trained to electric fencing. You should have a training paddock with secure fencing, such as pig netting, outside the electric fencing to help the animals see the fencing and to ensure that they cannot escape from the unit. 124 In hot conditions, lactating sows may leave the ark to seek more comfortable conditions outside, effectively abandoning her litter.

Keywords: [“condition”,”Animal”,”pig”]
Source: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2009/06/18113929/12

We Pigs News for 01-30-2018

Farm Biosecurity

You have an important role to play in protecting your property and the entire pork industry from biosecurity threats. On this page, you will find the tools to implement the simple, everyday biosecurity practices to protect the health of your livestock, limit production losses and help maintain market access for Australia’s pig farmers. The National Farm Biosecurity Manual for Pork Production identifies areas of risk to pig producers and appropriate measures to minimise the risks. It establishes a minimum set of biosecurity guidelines applicable to all pork producers. Biosecurity toolkitAs a pig farmer, the number one way to protect yourself from biosecurity risks is to keep diseases, pests and weeds out of your piggery business. Australian Pork Limited has developed a number of tools and resources to help you keep your pigs healthy and protect the entire industry from disease risks. PigPass National Vendor Declaration scheme PigPass is one part of the industry’s comprehensive traceability system. It is the pork industry’s National Vendor Declaration scheme, which ensures that movements of pigs are documented, and in the event of a problem, are traceable. If you need to move pigs off your property then you will need a PigPass NVD. This NVD records the number of pigs moved, the Property Identification Codes of the properties involved, the tattoo number of the pigs and other important information. What is the PigPass system? Do I have to tattoo or tag my pigs Get a PigPass Swill feeding Feeding ‘swill’ to pigs is illegal in all states and territories of Australia. Feeding swill to pigs is the most likely way that Australian livestock may be exposed to an exotic disease agent like foot and mouth disease. Swill includes meat or meat products, or anything that has been in contact with meat or meat products. Swill may include food scraps, bakery waste and waste from restaurants. APIQ✓® provides the framework and standards by which Australian pig producers can demonstrate they are responsible farmers who care for their animals, the environment and their customers by following safe and sustainable practices. Biosecurity is one of the five major components of the APIQ✓® program, helping you manage health risks to your pigs, to other pigs and people.

Keywords: [“pig”,”biosecurity”,”meat”]
Source: http://www.farmbiosecurity.com.au/industry/pigs

GMOs Cause Health Problems in Pigs

A recently published, cross-continental study of pigs and genetically modified crops shows that pigs were harmed by the consumption of feed containing genetically modified ingredients. According to the study, GM-fed female pigs had on average a 25-percent heavier uterus than non-GM-fed female pigs, a possible indicator of disease that requires further investigation. The level of severe inflammation in stomachs was markedly higher in pigs fed on the GM diet. The 168 newly-weaned pigs studied were housed in a commercial piggery and fed either a typical diet incorporating GM soy and corn or an equivalent non-GM diet. The pigs were reared under identical housing and feeding conditions and were slaughtered at the typical age of 5 months, after eating the diets for their entire commercial lifespan. Qualified veterinarians, who were not informed which pigs were fed on the GM diet, then autopsied the pigs. The pigs were kept in real on-farm conditions, not in a laboratory. “Pigs with these health problems end up in our food supply. We eat them,” Carman says. ” , pigs have a similar digestive system to people, so we need to investigate if people are also getting digestive problems from eating GM crops. ” All pigs were fed a commonly used feed, with the same ratio of soy and corn. The GM diet contained three GM genes and the GM proteins they produce. The new study lends scientific credibility to anecdotal evidence from farmers and veterinarians, who have for some years reported reproductive and digestive problems in pigs fed a diet containing GM soy and corn. “Our results provide clear evidence that regulators need to safety-assess GM crops containing mixtures of GM genes, regardless of whether those genes occur in the one GM plant or in a mixture of GM plants eaten in the same meal, even if regulators have already assessed GM plants containing single GM genes in the mixture,” Carman says. Iowa-based farmer and crop and livestock advisor Howard Vlieger, one of the study’s coordinators, notes that he’s seen increasing digestive and reproductive problems in his livestock since GM crops entered the food supply. “In my experience, farmers have found increased production costs and escalating antibiotic use when feeding GM crops,” Vlieger says.

Keywords: [“pigs”,”crop”,”diet”]
Source: http://www.hobbyfarms.com/gmos-cause-health-problems-in-pigs

Rectal Prolapse in Pigs

On Raising a Pig For Meat Jeff asked about rectal prolapse a.k.a. anal prolapse a.k.a. prolapse a.k.a. pigs who turn inside out:Hey Walter, I just had to send 2nd of 5 landrace gilts to the butcher with a prolapsed rectum. My observation is that prolapse is strongly genetic. When the the genes are aligned the pig is more sensitive to prolapse because their internal connective tissues are weaker. Then stresses such as diarrhea, constipation, coughing and squashing can all trigger the prolapse. If only some of your pigs have it then some of your pigs may not have it and with a few generations of hard selection you may be able to move away from it with the genetics you have or with new genetics. To get them to the point of slaughter isolate the pig from others as they’ll bite at the protruding bloody rectal tissue and can turn the victim inside out. You can try inserting the prolapse back in if it is small and then using a tennis ball or such and taping the pig to push it back. To prevent prolapse make sure the pigs have plenty of water, avoid sudden diet changes, give them lots of dry hay, wind protection and avoid crowding. If you have a lot of pigs, try breaking groups up into smaller collections like they would naturally sleep in the warm months. Sorting by size can also be key in the winter for susceptible pigs – Smaller pigs crowded between bigger pigs are more likely to have the problem than same size pigs. If they produce PP offspring who prolapse then you cull those breeders with the goal of eventually ending up with NN breeders who don’t carry the prolapse genes. In addition to anal prolapse there is vaginal prolapse which can be triggered by difficult deliveries, rough mating and other factors. One difference might be that in the warm weather our pigs are spread out whereas the confinement pigs are always crowded. If they were kept indoors in a heated space then it doesn’t tell you if they’re going to prolapse in when they huddle in the winter which is what it sounds like you’re getting. Googling about I find that there is evidence of genetics behind prolapse in humans, swine[1, 2, 3], horses, cattle, sheep, goats, guinea pigs and cats.

Keywords: [“prolapse”,”Pig”,”breed”]
Source: http://sugarmtnfarm.com/2011/01/19/rectal-prolapse-in-pigs

We Pigs News for 01-30-2018

Potbelly Pig Tips

I am assuming you are using a potbellied pig chow that is appropriate for the developmental stage of your pig, be it starter, grower, maintenance or breeder. MY PIG CHOKES WHEN SHE EATS. WHAT CAN I DO? If you notice your pig coughing or choking a little while eating dry pellets, try wetting her food. If all of a sudden there is no piggy poop in the pan, take your pig outside. Provide your pig with a definite pee dee, pooh dee schedule, and you will greatly enhance your chances of fewer potty mistakes and a confident, successful pig. A girl pig, on the other hand, can be perfectly situated in her pan and urinate just outside due to the “Fountain effect.” This is not the pig’s fault, but a matter of not being provided with an ample commode. The most beautiful coats and good skin conditions I’ve seen are on those pigs fed a large variety of vegetables daily, going light on the fruits, along with a nutritionally complete potbellied pig chow. It’s always better to do maintenance procedures on your pig at home where the environment is familiar and your pig feels safe rather than to have, who your pig perceives as a stranger, work on her. Set up a passive pedicure situation by placing concrete patio tiles where your pig waters. Consult your veterinarian if you suspect AR. Your pig could simply have allergies. This is fine, especially if your pig has good skin and coat condition, as too much bathing can exacerbate the dry skin condition that can be such an annoyance to the potbellied pig owner. Bathing can be accomplished in several ways depending on the size and temperament of your pig. If you are looking for success with the least amount of stress, desensitizing your pig to activities you expect her to participate in is such an important pig rule. Whatever method you choose to bathe your pig, the water should be tepid, not cold and the pig dried quickly and kept out of drafts. Is there excessive tearing? Does your pig tend to squint or blink abnormally? Can you see her eye lashes? Do her lashes appear to be touching her eyeball? Potbellied pigs are prone to various eye maladies including runny eyes, matter build up, entropi, scratched cornea, ulcerated cornea and eye trauma. Tusk Care: If you have a neutered boy pig, keep an eye on his tusks.

Keywords: [“pig”,”ration”,”While”]
Source: http://www.potbellypigs.com/pet_pig_care_&_training.htm

Introduction There are three important parasites found in pigs which pose a risk to humans who ingest raw or undercooked pork products. The Arctic type, T. nativa or T-2, is essentially non-infective for the domestic pig. An alternative method of testing pigs for trichinellosis is the detection of antibodies to the parasites in serum samples. Prevention of infection requires implementation of good farming practices which Taenia solium infection in pigs and T. saginata infection in cattle pose a risk to man of taeniasis, an intestinal tapeworm infection. The cycle of infection is perpetuated by sanitary conditions which allow pigs to be exposed to human waste, along with inadequate methods for preparing and cooking pork. Infection rates vary regionally with a range of pig infections from 0. Direct introduction of human faeces into pig breeding areas or the introduction of contaminated water or soil are the most common sources for pigs to become infected. In developed countries, modem pig facilities pose little risk of exposure to infection with T. solium cysticerci. Transplacental transmission is an important mode of infection in humans, pigs, sheep and goats. Most species of livestock, including sheep, goats and pigs, are infected with T. gondii. 9 % of pigs in 1 9 8 3 – 1 9 8 4 with higher rates in breeders than in market pigs. Methods for testing pigs include serology and bioassay: however, neither of these methods is currently used for inspection purposes. Oocysts can be found virtually anywhere, including in pig feed and pig bams where cats are resident. Square root cooling time 40 e) Pork from pigs raised under conditions which are free of risks for the transmission of trichinae and which are monitored using a statistically valid method, or pigs reared in an area, region or country which has been shown to be free of trichinae in domestic pigs in accordance with guidelines set forth in the OIE International Animal Health Code may be considered safe for consumption with respect to trichinae. Risk analysis of management factors associated with positive serological test results in pigs showed correlation of infection with the presence of infected juvenile cats and with the presence of T. gondii-infected house mice.

Keywords: [“pig”,”pork”,”t”]
Source: http://www.oie.int/doc/ged/D9157.PDF

Liver Disease Archives

Hepatitis E. Hepatitis E was first observed in a 1955 outbreak in New Delhi, India. Hepatitis E is the most important or the second most important cause of acute clinical hepatitis in adults throughout Asia, the Middle East and Africa. As hepatitis E concentrates in the liver in both pigs and humans, swine livers were the natural place to test for hepatitis E presence, and probably the riskiest part of the pig to eat. The researchers reasoned that sausage made from pig liver would be a likely vector for hepatitis E transmission to humans, especially a form of smoked pig liver sausage traditionally eaten raw – figatellu. Hepatitis E was discovered as a cause of acute liver disease. Hepatitis B and C viruses are known causes of alcoholic liver cirrhosis. A child developed cirrhosis after a bone marrow transplant due to a swine-derived form of hepatitis E. A Spanish study found a strong association between HEV and cirrhosis in people infected with HIV: “Liver cirrhosis was the only factor independently associated with the presence of anti-HEV, which was documented in 23% of patients with cirrhosis and 6% of patients without cirrhosis. HEV RNA was detected in three seropositive patients, two of whom had liver cirrhosis.” HEV seems to be a common cause of cirrhosis in Egypt. Two viruses, Theiler’s murine encephalomyelitis virus and murine hepatitis virus, are used to induce infectious models of the disease. The murine hepatitis virus model is suggestive: it supports the idea that a virus that causes hepatitis may also cause MS. Some strains of MHV are neurotropic, infecting both the liver and central nervous system, and it is these that most readily produce an MS-like disease. If a hepatitis virus is causing MS in humans, we would expect MS patients to have high rates of liver disease. The most likely pathogen in the case of the liver diseases is hepatitis E virus. Hepatitis E viruses are most abundant in liver, intestine, and blood. Pig liver sausage as a source of hepatitis E virus transmission to humans. Purcell RH, Emerson SU. Hepatitis E: an emerging awareness of an old disease. El Sayed Zaki M, Othman W. Role of hepatitis E infection in acute on chronic liver failure in Egyptian patients.

Keywords: [“hepatitis”,”liver”,”pig”]
Source: http://perfecthealthdiet.com/category/disease/liver-disease

We Pigs News for 01-30-2018

August 2012 THE MYTHOLOGICAL “TEACUP” PIG I’m sure you have heard and read about the widely advertised “Teacup Pigs.” These are the “Micro-Mini Pigs,” “Dandies,” “Pixie Pigs,” “Pocket Pigs,” “Nano Pigs” and other “Specialty-bred” pigs that breeders claim will not grow more than 15-30 pounds. The so-called “Teacup” or “Micro-mini” pigs, are just normal potbellied pigs that have been chronically underfed and malnourished in an attempt to keep them small. These pigs tend to be sickly and unhealthy pigs with a myriad of health problems and very short life spans. The cute tiny “Teacup” pigs you see in photos on “Teacup pig” websites and “Teacup” ads are merely just newborn babies; they are only teacup-size for a short while. SCAMPP members, sanctuaries and shelters receive calls weekly from people who have purchased these “Teacup” pigs and have become very disappointed that their pigs did not stay as tiny as promised. We strongly feel existing pigs need loving homes FIRST, before bringing any more pigs into the world. I’ve heard story after story about these “Teacup” breeds of pigs that did not “Stay small” and I have personally seen many of those “Micro-mini” or “Teacup pigs” that are now the size of any other normal potbellied pig. The term “Miniature pig” is a term used to describe “Small” mature pigs. Miniature pigs are generally considered to be about 1/10 the size of a commercial farm pig. Pigs are very solid and “Hard-bodied.” It does not take a very “Big” pig to weigh 100 pounds. In dealing with inexperienced pig people, we often ask them to describe the size of their pig in relation to the size of a dog. We have seen potbellied pigs at well over 400 pounds; but those pigs have simply been grossly overfed and under-exercised and/or have been cross-bred with other pigs – even with farm pigs. Pig owners can affect their pig’s weight through feeding and exercise, but not the pig’s eventual size. As with humans, some potbellied pigs are bigger or smaller than other potbellied pigs of the same age, but size of parents is no guarantee the size of full-grown offspring. If you still want to purchase a “Teacup pig,” and INSIST on buying one, you could force the seller to write up a contract that if the pig is over the weight “Promised” at one, two and three years of age, you get all your money back.

Keywords: [“PIG”,”potbellied”,”breed”]
Source: http://www.scampp.com/teacuppig-10-12.pdf

Animal Nutrition, Animal Feed Supplements, Animal Health

Alltech’s solutions for pigs provide our customers with a competitive advantage through nutritional technologies tailored to address challenges impacting modern pig production and profitability. Educational programs such as workshops and seminars. Gut Health Management – Gut health management is essential for building a foundation for performance and profitability in pig production. Mycotoxin Management – Your animals are your business. Safeguarding the health of your animals starts with the quality of your feed. Mineral Management – The Mineral Management program guarantees organic minerals that are readily absorbed, stored and utilized by the animal… [+]. Feed Efficiency – The Feed Efficiency program supports your pigs in achieving optimal health throughout their lifecycle, addressing nutritional… [+]. Gut Health Management. Gut health management is essential for building a foundation for performance and profitability in pig production. Healthy pigs will eat and produce more efficiently, ensuring they are performing at their maximum potential. The Alltech Gut Health Management program focuses on supporting animal performance by promoting good bacteria, building natural defenses and maximizing growth and efficiency. From the farm to the feedmill and from risk assessment to feed management, the Alltech Mycotoxin Management program can help safeguard the health of your animals, the quality of your feed and the security of our food supply. The Mineral Management program guarantees organic minerals that are readily absorbed, stored and utilized by the animal, and thus able to meet the higher nutrient needs of modern livestock for rapid growth, maximum reproductive performance and animal health. The Feed Efficiency program supports your pigs in achieving optimal health throughout their lifecycle, addressing nutritional issues including digestibility, diet flexibility, feed costs and overall performance. As feed costs represent the biggest input for producers, often accounting for up to 70 percent of production costs, it is important to make sure each bite of feed is digested efficiently. Pig farmers face many common challenges such as sow productivity, gut integrity, pre-wean mortality and feed costs. Learn more about pig challenges [+]. Pig Videos.

Keywords: [“Management”,”feed”,”Health”]
Source: https://www.alltech.com/animal-nutrition/pig/health

Tips and advice on the health of your guinea pig

Are you looking for advice on Guinea pig care? If you just want to make sure your guinea pig remains healthy and recieves the care it deserves, then this is the page for you. It is full of tips and advice on caring for guinea pigs – read on! Guinea pigs should not be kept with rabbits as rabbits can pass on diseases to guinea pigs. Guinea pigs require space, ideally a hutch with at least 2sq ft of floor area in size with an extra 1sq ft for each additional animal. Guinea pigs are active animals both during the day and night and require room to exercise, stretch out and stand up on their back legs. Their digestive system requires lots of grass or hay as guinea pig food in order to function properly. Guinea pigs also require vitamin C in their diet as their bodies are unable to make it, they can get this from grass and leafy greens such as kale and broccoli or grass based commercial guinea pig pellets. Guinea pigs’ teeth grow continuously throughout their life and need to be worn down and kept at the correct length and shape by eating grass, hay and leafy green plants. This procedure requires the guinea pig to come into the vets for a day and normally they can go home the same evening. This can be passed onto people so if you suspect your guinea pig may be suffering from ringworm please take them to see a vet and make sure you wash your hands well after handling. These can occur because the guinea pigs teeth grow continually and if teeth are not being worm down by grass/hay they can develop small spurs on the teeth with can cause discomfort, pain and damage to the tongue and cheek. If you notice that your guinea pig is not eating normally or if you would like your pets teeth checked please take them to see a vet. A good diet, a clean environment, regular handling and prompt veterinary attention are the mainstays of good guinea pig care. If you have any concerns about your guinea pig, or just a question regarding their care, always call 01323 640011, or use the contact form on this website. This guinea pig health guide, full of tips and advice on the ideal care of guinea pigs, is provided by St. Anne’s veterinary group which serves the pets and owners of East Sussex through it’s surgeries in Eastbourne, Langney, Willingdon and East Dean and at their homes with the ‘My Visiting Vet’ service.

Keywords: [“Guinea”,”pig”,”teeth”]
Source: http://stannesvets.co.uk/guinea-pig-health-tips-advice.html.html

We Pigs News for 01-29-2018

ECO Animal Health

Product name Active ingredient For the treatment of Packaging Suitable For Aivlosin Soluble Granules Tylvalosin For the prevention and treatment of Swine Enzootic Pneumonia. Aivlosin® FG10 premix For the treatment of Mycoplasmosis, Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale and diseases caused by Clostridium perfringens in poultry and for the prevention and treatment of Enzootic Pneumonia, Proliferative Enteropathy and Swine Dysentery in pigs. Additional control of Atrophic Rhinitis and Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae in pigs 25kg bags Sheep / Goats. Ecoflor 2% premix Florfenicol For the treatment of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae and Pasteurella multocida in pigs and Haemophilus somnus, Pasteurella multocida and Mannheimia haemolytica in cattle. Oxytet FG200 premix Oxytetracycline A broad spectrum antibiotic for control of bacterial pneumonia and secondary E.coli infections in a range of species. Additional control of Atrophic Rhinitis and Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae in pigs. For treatment and control of gastro-intestinal roundworms, lungworms, grubs, horn flies, sucking and biting lice and sarcoptic mange mites 50ml, 200ml, 500ml HDPE vials Sheep / Goats. Ecotraz 125 Amitraz ECO’s range of uniquely formulated amitraz products for the control of ticks on cattle and sheep, keds on sheep and mange and lice on all species. Providing the quick removal, safety and potency of amitraz 5L containers Sheep / Goats. Ecotraz 20 Pig Pour On ECO’s range of uniquely formulated amitraz products for the control of ticks on cattle and sheep, keds on sheep and mange and lice on all species. Ecotraz Plus Pour-On Amitraz 1.5% + deltamethrin 0.5% + piperonyl butoxide 3% ECO’s range of uniquely formulated amitraz products for the control of ticks on cattle and sheep, keds on sheep and mange and lice on all species. Ecoline Pour On Flumethrin For the control of ticks on cattle, sheep, ostriches and game Sheep / Goats. Ecomintic 100 drench Fenbendazole Roundworm and lungworm remedy for cattle, sheep, goats and ostriches 5L containers Sheep / Goats. Ecotel Plus Drench Levamisole + Praziquantel Roundworm, lungworm and tapeworm remedy for cattle, sheep, goats and ostriches Sheep / Goats. LevEco 2.5% drench Levamisole For the treatment of roundworms and lungworms in cattle, sheep, goats and ostriches Sheep / Goats.

Keywords: [“Sheep”,”control”,”treatment”]
Source: http://www.ecoanimalhealth.com/products

Management of the Nursery Pig

Management is the key element that brings together genetics, facilities, and nutrition to achieve maximal performance in nursery pigs. SETTING UP THE STAGE. Nursery facilities, environmental control units, and equipment need to be properly prepared before the delivery of weaned pigs. The importance of the simple procedure of cleaning and sanitizing can not be emphasized enough! Ideally, pigs should be weaned in off-site nursery facilities that operate on an all-in/all-out by building or even better by site, management scheme. FEED MANAGEMENT. Development of farm-specific feeding programs for nursery pigs involves the establishment of dietary specifications, number and time of diet changes, and amount of each diet to be fed per pig. As soon as pigs arrive at the nursery site, they should be placed in their already assigned pens according to body weight and allowed to consume their predetermined feed allowance before introducing the next diet. EARLY FEED INTAKE. Low feed intake has always been a problem in nursery pig management. Modern nursery pigs have a tremendous genetic potential for lean growth but they achieve approximately 70% of it under most commercial nursery facilities. There is a plethora of good reasons for a recently weaned pig to go off feed after weaning. Nursery pigs will readily consume a liquid milk replacer. Although a ratio close to 3:1 water to dry feed is usually recommended for most automatic pipeline feeding systems, nursery pigs can utilize efficiently even more dilute mixtures. Antibiotics, probably the most potent additive in promoting nursery pig performance, are gradually phased-out. The successful establishment of recently weaned pigs requires a high degree of dedication and zeal from the nursery manager, it pays up during the growing-finishing period because pigs grow more efficiently, are less prone to diseases and thus, they become much easier to manage. A designated hospital pen, which is usually located in the most warm and draft-free area of the nursery, may help in providing some extra care and individual attention to pigs that fail to thrive. The decision to keep or destroy poor-doing pigs depends on pig prices, labor availability and expertise, and size of the operation. Fighting is more intense among pigs of comparable size and becomes less of a problem as pig weight spread increases.

Keywords: [“pig”,”feed”,”diet”]
Source: http://livestocktrail.illinois.edu/porknet/paperDisplay.cfm?ContentID=90

Guinea pig care sheet

Guinea pig care sheet DO NOT FEED Iceberg lettuce Potato skins Raw potato Onion Garlic Rabbit/hamster food. Hay is for Horses…and also for Guinea PigsHay is great for your guinea pig. The minimum cage size is 18×14 and 16 inches high, but since your guinea pig will get most of its exercise in its cage, it is recommended that you provide a large, spacious cage for his home. The cage should preferably have a few things for the guinea pig to climb on and hide in. Guinea pig groups have a rank system that they learn to fit into from they are babies, and crowded guinea pigs may fight with each other, so it is important that they have enough room to each have some personal space when the need arises. Stay away from using paper since it interacts negatively with guinea pig pee to produce a foul odor, though some of the new recycled paper products may have been treated to avoid the problem. A good way to set up your cage is to line the bottom with wood pellets or a cat litter that does not contain paper, clay, oils or chemicals that can harm a guinea pig, then add the softer bedding, hay, fun toys, and houses. One way to incorporate the proper levels of vitamin C in their diet is to offer fresh fruits and vegetables every day or add the vitamin to fresh produce that you know your guinea pig will eat. Contrary to popular belief, guinea pig food will not necessarily provide all the vitamin C that your pig requires because the vitamin C in the pellets evaporates. Young, ill, nursing and pregnant animals require extra vitamin C. You can also add vitamin C to the water unless it causes your guinea pig to drink less. You can justify having just one guinea pig if you spend several hours with it every day but it is a big responsibility. A single guinea pig may get more tame but it is also a matter of personality and how much you handle it – it really doesn’t matter as much as in some other species. Guinea pig babies are cute but being pregnant is quite a health hazard and is best done by a knowledgeable breeder. A healthy guinea pig has a good appetite, a firm body, a clean shiny coat, clean ears, and small, firm pellet shaped droppings. Guinea pigs cannot keep their nails trimmed either, and if they grow too long the nails will curl and your pig will have a hard time walking or even develop sores.

Keywords: [“pig”,”Guinea”,”cage”]
Source: http://stinetheede.com/priStineCavies/Care_sheet.html

We Pigs News for 01-28-2018

Water Quality and Pig Performance

The quality of surface and groundwater for all livestock is affected by the water cycle and by the nature of the aquifer supplying the water. The Water Cycle describes the events by which water is circulated between atmosphere, land and oceans. Some water from the water table will eventually filter back into oceans, streams and rivers. Surface Water quality is affected by materials in run-off from rain and from materials in the water table. Groundwater quality depends on the type of aquifer supplying the well with water; thus water from aquifers in limestone bedrock will likely contain high levels of calcium and magnesium. Bacterial analysis of water is done by inoculating nutrient plates with water samples and incubating the plates for a period of time. The number of fecal coliform counts in water which will affect pig performance is unknown; however, since fecal coliform bacteria indicate a pollution problem, all contaminated drinking water should be disinfected and the source of the pollution stopped. You can have your water tested free of charge only if your water may contain organisms which could be a threat to human or animal health: the Health Unit will not do routine bacterial testing. The amount of materials in water which can be consumed by pigs without harm depends on: the amount of the same materials in feeds; the pigs’ daily water requirement; the length of time the pigs are given the water; the pig’s age and condition and the presence of interactive materials in both feeds and water. Surface water often contains less than 300 mg/l of TDS. Some Ontario groundwater and industrial waters contain high levels of TDS. TDS should not exceed 3000 mg/l according to Canadian guidelines. The resulting reduction in water volume supplied to the pig can decrease performance. Greater concentrations may be tolerated depending on pig age, presence of other stresses, and the type of sulfate salt in the water. Pig performance may be affected by high-sulfate waters. The recommended maximum nitrate and nitrite levels of water are conservative since several studies have shown that pigs can tolerate 1320 mg/l nitrates and 165 mg/l nitrites without loss of health, growth rate or reproductive performance. If the water quality problem is known to be a natural characteristic of the aquifer, the producer may be referred to a private lab or treatment consultant.

Keywords: [“water”,”pig”,”well”]
Source: http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/livestock/swine/facts/91-071.htm

How to Manage Difficult Farrowings

How to …. manage difficult farrowings. Difficult farrowings are not very common in present swine production systems. The sow will need help in less than 1% of all farrowings. Sows about to farrow should be observed approximately every 30 to 60 minutes. Move sows to farrowing quarters from 1 to 5 days prior to the expected farrowing date. The first pig is born About half of the pigs are presented head first and about half are presented tail first. The sow may exhibit mild straining More pigs are born approximately 15 minutes apart The total time for the delivery of the entire litter varies with litter size but the process usally takes less than 2.5 hours. The placenta, membranes surrounding the fetus, is usually delivered 2-4 hours after the last pig; however portions of the placenta may be delivered during the farrowing period You should not observe large volumes of discharge. Gestation exceeding 116 days Off feed Blood tinged fluid and meconium are discharged without signs of straining Straining without delivery of pigs The time between the birth of pigs exceeds one hour, and the sow still has a full abdomen Foul smelling, brown /gray discharge Reddening of the sow’s eyes Exhaustion after prolonged labor Sow distress: rapid breathing, weakness, inability to rise. Familiarize yourself with the basic anatomy of the reproductive tract Thoroughly clean the sow’s rectal and vaginal area The manager’s fingernails should be cut short The manager’s arm should be washed with soap and water, gloved, and lubricated The hand should be cupped in the shape of a cone, the lips of the vulva are parted, and the hand gently inserted into the birth canal If the sow is not ready to farrow the forward part of the canal will be closed The bony pelvis can be felt below and at the side of the hand The hand can be moved forward through the pelvis and into the uterus which slopes downward and divides into 2 sides. The birth canal should be examined for evidence of damage The causes of delayed farrowing should be determined and corrected if possible. Manual intervention: be certain that the sow is dilated and nothing is blocking the birth canal. Deliver any pigs within reach- grasp the pig by the snout or use a snare. Manual intervention: Grasp head, lower jaw, or feet to deliver one pig at a time. Remove pigs until sow is quiet and finished farrowing.

Keywords: [“farrow”,”sow”,”pig”]
Source: https://www.extension.purdue.edu/pork/health/farr.html

Effect of dietary inclusion of zeolite on performance and carcass quality of grower-finisher pigs

Effect of dietary inclusion of zeolite on performance and carcass quality of grower-finisher pigs H F Defang and A A Nikishov* Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal Production – University of Dschang P.O. Box 222, Dcshang – Cameroon* Russian Peoples’ Friendship University. Some researchers have observed no response on growth or an adverse effect when using zeolite as feed additive. T0 – control diet without zeolite, T1, T2, T3 – experimental diets with 3, 4 and 5% zeolite respectively. Zeolite supplementation had some beneficial effect on the studied parameters. The exact functions of the zeolite in dietary phenomena have not been well understood and await serious biological and chemical investigation. According to the increase in body weight and improved FCR in zeolite fed animals is due to the ability of zeolite to bound free ammonia in the gastro-intestinal track of the animal, thereby preventing its build-up to toxic level in the system. The discrepancies in carcass quality and growth performance could be related to zeolite purity, geographical source, particle size, supplementation levels used in the diets, health status and range of the treated animals. Further, the dietary and environmental conditions under which zeolite is administered to the animals are factors which can contribute to variation in observed result as explained by Mumpton and Fishman, Pond and Yen and Pond et al. Pigs supplemented 3, 4 and 5% zeolite diet had less but comparable lean and abdominal fat compared to the control. Zeolite supplementation had a lower effect on fat buildup in the body of growing pigs. From the feed trial investigated, it can be concluded that supplementing standard grower-finisher pig diets with Russian zeolite at the 4% inclusion level shows some potential for improving nutrient utilization in swine with significant carcass yield thus making zeolite a suitable feed additive for nutrient reduction. The effect of different levels of zeolite on the performance of growing pigs: in Occurrence, propertied and utilixation of natural zeolites. Effect of synthetic zeolite and natural zeolite on laying hens. Pearson G, Smith W C and Fox J M 1985 Influence of dietary zeolite on pig performance over the liveweight range 25-87 kg. Effect of dietary inclusion of zeolite on performance and protein metabolism of young pigs.

Keywords: [“zeolite”,”pig”,”feed”]
Source: http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd21/6/defa21090.htm

We Pigs News for 01-28-2018

b

GO TO: A TO Z. Or: HOME. BAD BREATH. Many people get very concerned when they detect bad breath in a guinea pig and get overly concerned that it could be indicative of a kidney or diabetic condition. GO BACK TO THE TOP MENU. It’s advisable to bath guinea pigs once every three months. GO BACK TO THE TOP MENU. Despite what I said in my first book, ‘The Proper Care of Guinea Pigs,’ never ever bed them on sawdust or wood shavings. There is always very fine wood dust in it which can cause respiratory problems in guinea pigs if they constantly breathe it in. In truth, there has never been any in-depth research about the cause of the parasites that guinea pig flesh is prone to. GO BACK TO THE TOP MENU. See PREGNANCY. GO BACK TO THE TOP MENU. Even following all the precautions that I advise to prevent guinea pigs getting into combat the unexpected can and will happen, on that you can rely. Clean the wound thoroughly and use a guinea pig friendly antiseptic. The symptoms are squeaking sounds as urine is being passed, similar to those that are heard when a guinea pig is suffering from cystitis but punctuated at the end by a louder squeak and the animal lifting itself high on its back legs. GO BACK TO THE TOP MENU. Guinea pigs can usually be left to sort out the business of bonding themselves and their owners would be wise to observe how they go about it so that when they want to get in on the act they know how to do it. In the main, grooming is the main way that guinea pigs bond, much of it carried out around the head area and it is by finding out the favourite spot where a guinea pig likes this grooming that will give you a head start. The ears are usually a universal favourite, but some like it under the jaws, on top of the head…. GO BACK TO THE TOP MENU. The normal respiration rate for a guinea pig is about 80 per minute. Needless to say, the guinea pig needs to be thoroughly examined and monitored by a guinea-competent vet. GO BACK TO THE TOP MENU. Blindness for domestic guinea pigs seems to be no problem whatsoever. Which has caused a serious hazard to the overall health of a guinea pig. As there are other causes for swollen foot pads, obviously the guinea pig should be checked out by an expert before deciding what, if any, action is to be taken.

Keywords: [“guinea”,”pig”,”BACK”]
Source: http://web.onetel.net.uk/~petergurney/b.html

Iowa State University Nutrition Botanicals for Pigs – Garlic Palmer J. Holden, professor, Animal Science James McKean, professor Veterinary Medicine Eric Franzenburg, Rural/Urban Coordinator, Benton Development Group ASL-R1559 Summary and Implications Botanicals have been proposed as a substitute for antimicrobials in swine diets because of their natural antibacterial activity. Garlic, a botanical that grows in Iowa, was compared with a standard antibacterial nursery dietary regimen. At the tested inclusion levels increasing levels of garlic generally depressed feed intake and average daily gain in nursery pigs and depressed performance compared with the positive control diet with Mecadox. Garlic bulbs, either fresh or dehydrated, may be used for medicinal purposes. The bulbs contain a volatile oil composed of allicin, diallyl disulfide, and diallyl trisulfide that is considered the reservoir for most pharmacologic properties attributable to garlic. Garlic demonstrates a broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity against many bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi. Garlic inclusion rates of 2 to 4% in feeds had a protective effect on chickens subjected to experimental candidiases and feed containing 5% garlic eliminated candida infection. Garlic has shown effective antiviral activity and possesses activity against common intestinal roundworms and hookworms. In addition to antimicrobial effects garlic exhibits hypoglycemic and hypolipemic activity, antihypertensive, anticoagulant, and immune-system-modulation characteristics. Clinically, commercial garlic preparations with concentrated quantities of allicin appear most effective. Garlic at therapeutic levels is considered nontoxic, but prolonged feeding of large quantities of raw garlic to rats has caused anemia, weight loss, and failure to thrive. The 0% garlic was considered to be the negative control. Iowa State University Nutrition One pig from each of the garlic treatments was taken to the ISU Meat Laboratory, slaughtered and various muscles were evaluated for sensory and quality characteristics. The first observation was that the room and adjacent hallway had a very strong, objectionable odor of garlic combined with hog manure throughout the entire study. The overall summary, weeks 0-5, indicated the control diet with Mecadox significantly improved daily gain compared with the garlic treatments (P..

Keywords: [“Garlic”,”pig”,”activity”]
Source: http://www.extension.iastate.edu/Pages/ansci/swinereports/asl-1559.pdf

Pigs sold annually per breeding female and feed used per pig sold are the two vital statistics for producers. Funnel-shaped pens should not be used to load pigs because pigs often continue to press forward. Pigs should be checked within the first hour of transportation and When pigs are transported, ventilation should be adequate and the floor should be slip-resistant. Pigs of 50 pounds should have a minimum of 1.5 square feet per pig; 100-pound pigs, 2 square feet; 250pound pigs, 4 square feet; and 400-pound pigs, 6 square feet. A major challenge with recently weaned pigs is to understand their feeding behavior, particularly if pigs are weaned at young ages such as 5-18 days old. Moving an intact group of pigs to the finisher is not considered remixing; therefore, when planning a production unit, it is prudent to house the same number of pigs in the nursery and in the finisher. These can be two or three-stage systems, meaning farrowing with wean-to-finish for slaughter pigs versus farrowing, nursery, and then finishing for slaughter pigs. The two-stage system benefits pigs by requiring less moving, while the three-stage system offers the counter benefit of matching the environmental needs of the pigs more effectively just after weaning and when pigs are nearing finishing. The range of temperatures best suited for pigs varies, depending upon the age and size of the animal, with larger pigs generally tolerating extremes in temperature better than small pigs. Tunnel systems work best with larger pigs where higher air velocities over pigs in hot weather are desired and where evaporative pads may be used to cool the air before entering the room. All materials used to which the pigs have access should not contain any chemicals that are harmful to the pig or that may contaminate the meat products. Pens using circular feeders in the center of the pens must be wider in order to allow pigs to easily pass behind pigs eating around the circumference of the feeder. Fenceline feeders do not require pens to be as wide because there is only a single row of pigs eating and they take up less of the traffic space, allowing pigs to more easily pass behind them. For nurseries, consider the needs of the newly weaned pig and the largest pig which will be in the nursery. Concrete is usually preferred for larger pigs, but smaller pigs are normally housed on steel or plastic flooring.

Keywords: [“pig”,”Animal”,”feed”]
Source: http://www.antwifarms.com/docs/swinecarehandbook.pdf

We Pigs News for 01-27-2018

Pigs bred to produce healthy oils

Scientists have created pigs that produce compounds which have been widely touted as good for the heart. Much research has suggested that omega-3 fats can cut the risk of heart disease, although the link has been challenged in a new paper. A University of Pittsburgh-led team used gene technology to breed animals that produce the fats. The Nature Biotechnology study raises the prospect of a new source for the fats, which humans cannot produce. Currently, the only way for humans to realise the benefits of omega-3 fatty acids is by taking dietary supplements, eating certain types of plants or oily fish such as salmon and tuna that may also contain high levels of mercury. The study may also help scientists to analyse the effect of the fats on cardiovascular function, not only in the pigs, but in humans as well. To stimulate production of omega-3 fatty acids in pigs the researchers transferred a key gene into immature foetal cells that give rise to certain tissues in the fully-developed animal. The gene – fat-1 – controls the conversion of more abundant omega-6 fats into the omega-3 form. “We could use these animals as a model to see what happens to heart health if we increase the omega-3 levels in the body.” “First, the pigs could have better cardiovascular function and therefore live longer, which would limit livestock loss for farmers. Second, they could be healthier animals for human consumption.” Dr Jing Kang, who also worked on the study, said: “Livestock with a health ratio of omega-3 to omega-6 fatty acids may be a promising way to re-balance the modern diet without relying solely on diminishing fish supplies or supplements.” Professor Keith Kendrick, of the Babraham Institute, University of Cambridge, agreed that the genetically-modified pigs might help scientists assess the role of omega-3 fats in reducing cardiovascular disease. Professor Tom Sanders, and expert in nutrition and dietetics at King’s College London, said it was likely that omega-6 fats played a key role in many regulatory processes. Animals bred to synthesise omega-3 fats from omega-6 fats might be vulnerable to disorders, include problems with mood and appetite. A review of 89 studies into the health benefits of omega-3 fats published by the British Medical Journal last week concluded that there was little evidence to suggest the oils had a significant impact on health.

Keywords: [“omega-3″,”fats”,”human”]
Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/4841108.stm

Pigs – Farm Sanctuary

The life of a breeding sow in the U.S. pork industry is one of extreme confinement, stress, and suffering. There were more than 5.8 million pigs used for breeding in the United States in 2011, most of whom were confined to gestation crates, typically lined up row after row in large sheds. These naturally curious and intelligent animals are first impregnated at 7 months of age and live out their lives in a cycle of pregnancy, birth, and nursing until they are eventually sent to slaughter. The majority of breeding sows spend nearly the entirety of each pregnancy confined to a gestation crate, which is only slightly larger than their body, making it impossible for them to lie down comfortably or even turn around. Gestation crate floors are usually made of slats, which allow manure to fall through, meaning that sows live directly above their own waste. This design exposes sows to high levels of ammonia, and respiratory disease is common in confined sows. Standing on the hard, unnatural slatted flooring of a gestation crate takes a toll on pigs’ feet, causing excessive foot injuries, damage to joints, and even lameness. The intense boredom and frustration pigs suffer in gestation crates have been blamed by researchers for abnormal, neurotic behaviors confined pigs sometimes exhibit, like repetitively biting at the bars of the gestation crate or chewing with an empty mouth. These behaviors can lead to additional suffering by causing sores and mouth damage. Shortly before piglets are born, sows are moved to “Farrowing crates” where the piglets will be nursed. The crates, meant to separate the mother from the piglets to avoid crushing, are restrictive to the point that the mother pig can only stand and lie down – she cannot even turn around to see her piglets. At only 17-20 days old, the piglets are taken away from their mothers and undergo a series of mutilations, including being castrated and having a portion of their tails removed without any sort of pain relief. The piglets spend the next 6 months of their lives confined to pens until they reach “Market weight”; they are then trucked to slaughter. Once piglets are weaned, their mothers are put back into the restrictive gestation crates and re-impregnated, and the cycle continues at an average of 2.1-2.5 litters per year until the sow is considered spent and is sent to slaughter herself.

Keywords: [“crate”,”piglets”,”gestation”]
Source: https://www.farmsanctuary.org/learn/factory-farming/pigs-used-for-pork

Risk assessment for organic swine health

Given the variety of diseases prevalent in swine production, both in the United States and abroad, it is important to understand the risks associated with organic swine production. Overall numbers for certified organic livestock remain low compared to the overall U.S. swine numbers, with approximately 12,000 animals in 2011. There are thousands of non-certified organic swine herds which are not accounted in official statistics, but where farmers still use organic production practices. Integrated farming systems involving both crop and livestock production in a closed system can reduce financial risk for the producer, since organic producers generally receive premiums or higher prices for their products sold that cover and possibly reduce disease risk so long as there is no outside contact with other pigs or animals, such as cows, or poultry. Since the requirements of organic swine systems require outdoor access and greater space requirements per animal than conventional systems, breeds and breeding management are very important for producers. The environment of the animal is one of the most important determinants of disease risk and exposure for organic swine. A major difference between conventional, outdoor production and organic production is the high proportion of silage and roughage in the organic feed. At all stages of the life cycle, animals may be exposed to diseases and in the case of organic swine, without the availability of normal industry drugs and prophylactic medication; as internal parasites are a large component of risk. According to USDA-NOP Guidelines, antibiotics and other treatments that no longer make the animal organic are required to maintain overall herd health. Toxoplasmosis, a disease caused by Toxoplasma gondii is prevalent in organic pastured systems for swine. Organic producers should maintain buffers and adequate housing to maintain proper swine health. Crowding, mixing of groups, and diets all play a role in disease risk management, and sound holistic management including proper feed rations, vaccines, bedding, are used by organic producers to manage diseases and maintain herd health. Risk of organic swine diseases can be high depending on geographic region, breeds, and farmer management. Enhancing animal health security and food safety in organic livestock production. Animal health in organic livestock production systems: a review.

Keywords: [“organic”,”animal”,”system”]
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Risk_assessment_for_organic_swine_health

We Pigs News for 01-27-2018

Health Benefits Of Having Less Common Pets: Fish, Horse, Birds & Guniea Pigs

The benefits of having animals in your life isn’t only limited to owning dogs. A new surveyby theHuman Animal Bond Research Initiative found that 97 percent of 1,000 family doctors andpractitionerssurveyed said that they believed there were health benefits in owning pets in general. 75 percent of physicians said they saw one or more of their patients’ overall health improve, and 87 percent said their patients mood or outlook improved. Theres a lot of evidence that pet interaction in general has very positive health benefits. Sandra Barker, Ph.D., NCC, LPC, professor of psychiatry and director of the School of Medicine Center for Human-Animal Interaction at Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond adds, There are pockets of research in terms of reducing stress, depression and loneliness, but also cardiovascular benefits in terms of reduced blood pressure, heart rate variability and reduced cortisol. The culture almost trains us to like animals, Beck says. Back in 1987, the National Institutes of Health officially acknowledged that there are behavioral and physiological benefits to the relationships between animals and humans. Pet therapy is really just taking the benefits of pet ownership and applying them in settings that might be helpful, Beckexplains. Gail Melson, Ph.D., professor emerita of developmental studies at Purdue University, suggests that nurturing a pet can be an important lesson in caregiving for children, especially young boys who might otherwise consider caregiving girl stuff. Were not all lucky enough to have our own horses as pets, but for those who do or even those who have the chance to ride regularly benefits vary, from increased confidence to improved range of motion. Scientists now believe it offers psychological benefits. The benefits include increased motivation and self-esteem and also better interaction for people who are very shy or even on the [autistic] spectrum. In a study by Beck, when phobic dental patients were exposed to fish tanks before treatment, they experienced benefits, he explains, as did psychiatric patients who were exposed to caged finches in another study. Later studies also showed benefits for Alzheimers patients, from increased relaxation to improved appetite. The reason, according to Beck: Watching nature unfold is more riveting than watching, say, a lava lamp, for aging patients whose minds might otherwise wander.

Keywords: [“benefits”,”Beck”,”pet”]
Source: http://www.care2.com/greenliving/unlikely-pets-that-improve-your-health.html

PIG CARE Pig Physiology The average lifespan of a factory or industrial-breed pig is six to ten years. The normal body temperature for pigs ranges from 101.6 °F to 103.6 °F. Industrial pigs are much larger than wild pigs or those not used in factory farming. Because pre-mixed pig feed is designed to promote fast growth and is generally made with antibiotics, hormones, and animal by-products, we highly recommend mixing your own, or, if you have only a few pigs, using potbellied pig feed. Handling Pigs Because pigs are very strong and dislike being restrained, handling them can be a challenge. Because pigs tend to pull back when tied, a snared and secured pig will likely stay rooted in place, making it easier to work with her. Pigs, especially elderly ones with limited mobility, need their hooves trimmed every two months, although some pigs require more frequent trimming and others require trimming only a few times a year. Learn what a pig’s foot is supposed to look like and make sure that you are keeping it trimmed well because foot infections, which often start with hoof problems, can be fatal in pigs. If your pig develops a skin infection or rash, wear gloves and do not allow others to touch the pig until you have determined the cause. Have gallons of alcohol available when you have pigs in areas where the outside temperature is over 85 °F because, with overexertion, pigs can easily suffer from heat exhaustion. Pig Behavior Problems Pigs are very territorial animals, and putting new pigs in an already existing area can be very complicated and will involve fighting. Before attempting to put pigs together, consult with someone who is experienced in pig handling. Bringing New Pigs In When pigs arrive, unless they come from another sanctuary that has already treated them and given them a clean bill of health, they must be isolated in a strict quarantine area, and caretakers should wear coveralls or ISO suits and boot covers. If a pig is aggressive or frightened of people and poses a real risk to caregivers or to the pig, wait until it has calmed down before attempting to do trimming. Once the pigs are ready for introduction, they should be housed in a pen within the main pig area for at least a few weeks before they are put in with other pigs. A scared pig can be very dangerous and, depending on the handling they have experienced, pigs can also be aggressive.

Keywords: [“PIG”,”area”,”heat”]
Source: http://www.farmsanctuary.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/Animal-Care-Pigs.pdf

The Littlest Rescue

Guinea pigs can make great pets but are also, like any animal, a great commitment and have various needs which need to be met in order to ensure their health and happiness. A guinea pig, like any animal, has basic needs such as food, water and shelter, but they also have many other needs, which although may not be necessary for basic survival, enrich their life and makes them, and in turn you, happy. If you are not prepared to take on another pig, consider speaking to your local rescue centre who may be preapred to offer you a loan pig for the duration of the life of your remaining pig or may offer to rehome your lone piggie for you. Guinea pigs are NOT suitable companions for rabbits. In the past many people kept rabbits and guinea pigs together, often as an easier and cheaper solution to obtaining company for the rabbit/pig without neutering. Rabbits are much larger than pigs, with powerful hind legs and can accidentally kick guinea pigs resulting in severe injury or death. Guinea pigs require a higher protein diet than rabbits and also cannot synethisise their own vitamin C so require a supplemented diet which rabbits do not require. Rabbits can carry a bacteria which is harmless to the rabbit but causes respiratory illness in guinea pigs, often resulting in death. Most of a guinea pig’s diet should consist of good quality hay in order to keep their teeth wearing correctly and for their digestive health. Although vitamin C is supplemented in guinea pig nuggets, they also require a generous selection of fresh fruit and veg every day for their health. Guinea pigs love to go out in a run on the grass and grass is excellent for their health and wellbeing, but they must not go out on damp or wet grass. Guinea pigs feel safest when they know that they have a range of hidey holes to run into if they feel the need. You will need to regularly health check your guinea pigs to ensure that they are well. All guinea pigs vary but an average adult guinea pig should weigh between 900-1100 grams. Are their eyes bright and their ears clear of discharge? Check the length of their nails – are any getting long or beginning to curl under? In a guinea pig with light coloured nails you should be able to see the vein inside the nail for trimming but if you are nervous of trimming or the nails are black, then a vet will trim them for you which will also enable them to carry out a general health check for you.

Keywords: [“pig”,”Guinea”,”rabbit”]
Source: http://littlestrescue.org/guinea-pig-care