E-CIGARETTES May 2018 JUUL & THE GUINEA PIG GENERATION Public Health Concerns about Use by Young People JUUL. The recent rapid rise in popularity of this flavored, potent, nicotinebased e-cigarette product, particularly among youth and young adults, as well as the apparent ease of access, use, and ability to open and custom‑fill its supposedly closed-system cartridges, has alarmed the public health community. 2 JUUL has surpassed all of its competitors in the e-cigarette market, including products marketed by U.S. tobacco industry giants – RJ Reynolds’ Vuse, Altria’s Mark Ten, and Imperial’s Blu and its new variant, myblu. 5 According to JUUL Labs, inhaling aerosol from the proprietary heated e-liquids in JUUL devices mimics the way that nicotine is absorbed in the bloodstream from combusted cigarettes, such that use of a JUUL device, as intended, can achieve a similar rate of absorption in the bloodstream and deliver nicotine to the brain similarly to conventional cigarettes. Seven in 10 teens are exposed to e-cigarette ads.9 E-cigarette advertisements, including those from JUUL, have a strong presence not only on the internet but also on television and radio, in film and print advertisements, and at retail points of sale. 23 Public health leaders are very concerned about youth’s attraction to JUUL and similar e-cigarette and e-liquid products based on industry marketing of flavors. Emerging survey research suggests, for example, that young people may be drawn to the fruit and candy-like flavors offered by JUUL without being aware that JUUL is a potent nicotine-based product to which they can become easily addicted.
Overall, one-quarter of respondents reported recognition of JUUL devices, 10 percent reported both recognition and use, and 8 percent reported using a JUUL device within the past 30 days. Of particular note, only 25 percent of all who recognized the product and 37 percent of those who had used a JUUL device during the past 30 days knew that JUUL devices always contain nicotine. 36 An additional concern is that in conducting an internet search, one can easily find multiple sites other than JUUL Labs where JUUL or copy-cat www. Among the actions they requested was the removal of any JUUL flavors introduced after August 8, 2016 without first receiving the required FDA authorization, and the suspension of internet sales of JUUL until adequate rules are established to prevent sales to underage persons. The agency sent a letter to JUUL Labs, asking it to submit documents relating to its marketing practices and research on marketing, effects of product design, public health impact, and adverse experience and complaints regarding JUUL products. The groups, which included the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, American Academy of Pediatrics, American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network, American Heart Association, and American Lung Association, also asked the FDA to remove similar new products that are alleged to perform like JUUL and have been introduced without first receiving FDA approval; to reverse its unlawful 2017 decision allowing e-cigarettes on the market as of August 8, 2016, to stay on the market until at least 2022 without filing marketing applications and receiving marketing authorization from the FDA; and to apply federal rules, prohibiting cigarette brand names from being used on other products, to JUUL and other e-cigarette brand names, e.g., decorative wraps or skins, t-shirts, sweatshirts.
Senior Pig Moment: How to Care for the Unique Needs of Your Old Guinea Pig
Like humans, old age in guinea pigs comes with its own set of unique challenges and realities. From mellower personalities to changing nutritional needs, there can be some important differences between the day-to-day needs of older guinea pigs and young guinea pigs. Guinea pigs will start to develop these old-age related challenges in the later years of its life, and older guinea pigs don’t recover from illness as quickly as young guinea pigs. Don’t Forget Vitamin C. Guinea pigs, like humans, are not able to create vitamin C.
Guinea pigs need a daily vitamin C supplement, not in the form of a fruit or veggie snack. The best indicator of good guinea pig health is how much your cavy eats and drinks. In addition to the mobility issues guinea pigs can experience as they get older, it can be difficult for old guinea pigs to get around on loose, paper bedding. If you notice your older guinea pig isn’t moving around much, consider switching to fleece cage bedding, and be sure to limit the number of toys and playthings in your guinea pig’s cage so it can easily move around. At least once a day, sit with your senior guinea pig and gently feel around its body for growths.
Watching your guinea pig’s stool production and quality is absolutely vital to ensure your guinea pig is staying healthy. Be sure to always have a supply of Critical Care, probiotic, and plastic syringes on hand in case you need to hand-feed your guinea pig or your guinea pig experiences a gut upset. Learning how your guinea pig behaves normally will give you a good baseline on which to judge future changes. Plus, when your beloved old cavy eventually crosses the rainbow bridge, you’ll know that you did everything you could to give your guinea pig a happy and healthy life.